Thomas Campbell Eyton
|Died||25 October 1880(aged 71)|
|Education||St John's College, Cambridge|
|Known for||History of the Rarer British Birds, Natural history museum at Eyton|
|Spouse||Elizabeth Frances Slaney|
|Relatives||Robert Aglionby Slaney (father-in-law)|
|Author abbrev. (zoology)||Eyton|
Thomas Campbell Eyton JP, DL (10 September 1809 – 25 October 1880) was an English naturalist whose fields were cattle, fishes and birds. He was a friend and correspondent of Charles Darwin though he opposed his theories.
After succeeding to the estate in 1855 Eyton built a large natural history museum at Eyton Hall that included a range of bird skins and skeletons, described as "one of the finest in Europe". Besides Darwin, Eyton enjoyed a correspondence with other naturalists including Louis Agassiz, Asa Gray and Alfred Russel Wallace.
Eyton published History of the Rarer British Birds (1836), A Monograph on the Anatidae, Or Duck Tribe (1838), A History of Oyster and Oyster Fisheries (1858) and Osteologia Avium (1871–78). He established in about 1842 the Herd Book of Hereford Cattle, which he edited until 1860
He was a justice of the peace (JP) and a deputy lieutenant of Shropshire. He served in the South Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry, entering as cornet in 1830, and promoted lieutenant in 1838. He also played county level cricket for Shropshire between 1844 and 1854.
A collection of letters sent to Eyton are held at the Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham. This archive collection also contains the correspondence of his father-in-law, Robert Aglionby Slaney, and other family members.
- Darwin, Charles; Gillian Beer (1998). The Origin of Species. Oxford University Press. p. 400. ISBN 0-19-283438-X. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
- "Eyton, Thomas Campbell (ETN827TC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Obituary: Thomas Campbell Eyton". The Times. London. 29 October 1880. pp. 6, col A.
- Gladstone, E.W. (1953). The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1945, The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. The Whitethorn Press. p. 38,42.
- Percival, Tony (1999). Shropshire Cricketers 1844-1998. A.C.S. Publications, Nottingham. pp. 13, 44. ISBN 1-902171-17-9. Published under Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians.
- "UoB Calmview5: Search results". calmview.bham.ac.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
- Mullens and Swann – A Bibliography of British Ornithology