1922 Dutch general election

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1922 Dutch general election
Netherlands
← 1918 5 July 1922 1925 →

All 100 seats in the House of Representatives
51 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats +/–
ABRKK Willem Hubert Nolens 29.86 32 +2
SDAP Pieter Jelles Troelstra 19.38 20 -2
ARP Hendrikus Colijn 13.73 16 +3
CHU Johannes de Visser 10.88 11 +4
LSP Hendrik Coenraad Dresselhuijs 9.26 10 New
VDB Henri Marchant 4.59 5 0
CPN David Wijnkoop 1.83 2 0
PB Arend Braat 1.56 2 +1
LG Samuel van Houten 0.96 1 New
SGP Gerrit Hendrik Kersten 0.91 1 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Beerenbrouck.jpg Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
ABRKK
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
ABRKK
Beerenbrouck.jpg

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 5 July 1922.[1] They were the first elections held under universal suffrage, which became reality after the acceptance of a proposal by Henri Marchant in 1919 that gave women full voting rights.[2] Almost all major parties had a woman elected. The number of female representatives increased from one to seven. Only the Anti-Revolutionary Party principally excluded women from the House of Representatives. Another amendment to the electoral law increased the electoral threshold from 0.5% to 0.75%,[3] after six parties had won seats with less than 0.75% of the vote in the previous elections.

The General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses remained the largest party, increasing from 30 to 32 seats, whilst the Anti-Revolutionary Party increased from 13 to 16 seats, and the Christian Historical Union went from 7 to 11 seats.[4] The left-wing Christian Democratic Party and the Christian Social Party both lost their sole seats, disappearing from the House, while the Reformed Political Party (SGP) won a seat. The SGP, an orthodox Protestant party established in 1918, was opposed to the co-operation of the Protestant ARP and CHU with the Catholics.

The Social Democratic Workers' Party lost two seats,[4] whilst left-wing splinter parties also suffered losses, and went from four to two seats.

Several liberal groups had merged in 1921 to form the Liberal State Party, but lost further seats as they were reduced from fifteen to only ten. However, a new Liberal Party led by the 85-year-old Samuel van Houten, won a seat. Van Houten himself did not take the seat, which was instead occupied by his representative, Lizzy van Dorp.

The Free-thinking Democratic League maintained, against most expectations, their five seats, whilst of the remaining splinter parties, only the Peasants' League was able to survive, rising from one to two seats.

After a relatively short formation, the second Ruijs de Beerenbrouck cabinet was formed, with largely the same composition as the previous one.

Results[edit]

1922 Dutch General Election.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses874,74529.8632+2
Social Democratic Workers' Party567,76919.3820–2
Anti-Revolutionary Party402,27713.7316+3
Christian Historical Union318,66910.8811+4
Liberal State Party271,3589.2610New
Free-thinking Democratic League134,5954.5950
Communist Party Holland53,6641.8320
Peasants' League45,8161.562+1
Liberal Group (LP–V–LB)28,0500.961New
Reformed Political Party26,7440.911+1
Christian Democratic Party20,7600.710–1
Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij20,4310.700New
Christian Social Party19,5400.670–1
Arts Lists15,8300.540New
NBB–Patricians–Homeowners15,6380.5300
Independent Party15,2270.520New
New Catholic Party13,4990.460New
Socialist Party12,4110.420–1
Rapaille Partij11,4580.390New
Rural Party10,6280.360New
Democratic Party9,2090.310New
Austerity League8,1930.280New
Neutral Bloc of the Middle Class7,9630.270New
General Dutch Women's Organisation6,0010.200New
Van der Zwaag Group3,7230.1300
Artists' Party3,4990.120New
Van Groenendael List1,9020.060New
Christian People's Party1,5560.050New
Land Party1,3840.0500
Free Thinkers1,1230.040New
Coppenolle List1,0610.040New
Kiesvereniging Algemeen Belang7410.030New
Party for Pension Interests5880.020New
Free Middle Class Party5770.020New
Bleeker List5480.020New
Small Middle Class Party5440.020New
Van der Werf List5440.020New
Patriotic Party3540.010New
Verweij List2910.010New
De Ruiter List1940.010New
Brinkman List1670.010New
Revolutionary Party1420.000New
Schouten List890.000New
Busch List670.000New
Total2,929,569100.001000
Registered voters/turnout3,299,672
Source: Nederlandse verkiezingsuitslagen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1395 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ 1922 parliamentary election campaign, University of Groningen
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1385
  4. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p1412