Agustín de Iturbide y Green

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Agustín de Iturbide
Prince of Iturbide
Agustin de Iturbide y Green 1884.jpg
Head of the Imperial House of Mexico
Tenure1865–1925
PredecessorAgustín Jerónimo de Iturbide
SuccessorMaría Josefa Sofía de Iturbide
Born(1863-04-02)2 April 1863
Mexico City, Mexico
Died3 March 1925(1925-03-03) (aged 61)
Washington, D.C., United States
Burial
Roman Catholic Church of St John the Evangelist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Spouse
Lucy Eleanor Jackson
(m. 1894)

Mary Louise Kearney
(m. 1915)
Names
Spanish: Agustín de Iturbide y Green
HouseIturbide
FatherÁngel de Iturbide y Huarte
MotherAlice Green Forrest
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Agustín de Iturbide y Green (2 April 1863 – 3 March 1925) was the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico, and his consort Ana María Huarte.

He became the adopted son with the title of Prince of Iturbide, along with his cousin Salvador de Itúrbide y de Marzán, of Mexico's only other royal heads of state, Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and Empress Carlota of Mexico.

After the death of Emperor Maximilian in 1867, he became the head of the Imperial House of Mexico[citation needed], but he had no children. His claims passed to Maria Josepha Sophia de Iturbide, the daughter of his cousin, Salvador.

Family[edit]

Iturbide was the son of Emperor Agustin's second son, Prince Don Ángel María de Iturbide y Huarte (2 October 1816 – 21 July 1872). His mother was Alice Green (c. 1836–1892), daughter of Captain John Nathaniel Green,[citation needed] granddaughter of United States congressman and Revolutionary War General Uriah Forrest, and great-granddaughter of George Plater, Governor of Maryland.

Mexican heir[edit]

Iturbide in 1888

When Maximilian and Carlota ascended the throne of Mexico in 1863 with the support of the French troops of Napoleon III, the new monarchs invited the Iturbide family back to Mexico. As it became clear that Maximilian and Carlota could have no children together, they offered to adopt Iturbide, which was agreed to with enthusiasm by his father and reluctance by his mother. Iturbide and his cousin were granted the vitalicio (meaning non-hereditary) title of Prince de Iturbide and style of Highness by imperial decree of 16 September 1865 and were ranked after the reigning family.[1] Apparently, the royal couple intended to groom Agustín as heir to the throne. Maximilian never really intended to give the crown to the Iturbides because he believed that they were not of royal blood.[2] It was all a charade directed at his brother Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, as Maximilian explained himself: either Karl would give him one of his sons as an heir, or else he would bequeath everything to the Iturbide children.[2]

Post-monarchy[edit]

With the overthrow of the second Mexican Empire in 1867, Iturbide's biological parents took him first to England and then back to the United States, where they settled in Washington, DC. When he came of age, Iturbide, who had graduated from Georgetown University, renounced his claim to the throne and title and returned to Mexico. He then served as an officer in the Mexican army. But in 1890, after publishing articles critical of President Porfirio Díaz, he was arrested on charges of sedition and sentenced to fourteen months of imprisonment.[3] After release from prison, Iturbide was sent into exile, where he suffered two severe nervous breakdowns that resulted in his believing that he would be assassinated.[4] Eventually, he returned to Georgetown University, as a professor of the Spanish and French languages.

For some years before his marriage, Iturbide lived at a monastery near Washington, DC, where he worked as a translator.[5]

Marriage[edit]

In 1894, he married Lucy Eleanor Jackson (1 January 1862 – 11 May 1940), daughter of the Rev. William Jackson, by his wife Lucy Catherine Hatchett, of Yealmpton, Devon, United Kingdom.[citation needed] She died in Epsom, Surrey, United Kingdom.

On 5 July 1915, he married Mary Louise Kearney (25 September 1872 – September 1967), a D.C.-born granddaughter of Brigadier General James Kearney of the United States Army.[6]

Death[edit]

Agustín de Iturbide y Green died on 3 March 1925 in Washington, D.C. after suffering a serious nervous and physical breakdown.[7] He was buried at the Church of St John the Evangelist, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania — alongside his paternal grandmother, Empress Ana María of Mexico.

In popular culture[edit]

Mickey Kuhn portrayed De Iturbide y Green in Juarez (1939).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decreto Imperial del 16 de Septiembre de 1865  (in Spanish) – via Wikisource.
  2. ^ a b José Manuel Villalpando, Alejandro Rosas (2011), Presidentes de México, Grupo Planeta Spain, pp. are not numbered, ISBN 9786070707582
  3. ^ "Prince Augustin Yturbide: Most of His Life Spent in Washington", The New York Times, 4 May 1890
  4. ^ "Casa Imperial - Don Agustin de Iturbide". Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
  5. ^ "Prince Iturbide to Wed", The New York Times, 5 July 1915
  6. ^ "Prince Iturbide Marries", The New York Times, 6 July 1915
  7. ^ "Casaimperial.org: Agustín de Iturbide y Green". Archived from the original on 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2009-12-22.

External links[edit]

Agustín de Iturbide y Green
Titles in pretence
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Emperor of Mexico
19 June 1867 – 3 March 1925
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1867
Succeeded by