Chestnut-naped spurfowl

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Chestnut-naped spurfowl
Chestnut-naped Francolin, crop.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Pternistis
P. castaneicollis
Binomial name
Pternistis castaneicollis
(Salvadori, 1888)
Chestnut-naped spurfowl distribution map.svg
   geographic distribution

Francolinus castaneicollis protonym

The chestnut-naped spurfowl (Pternistis castaneicollis) is a species of bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. At 33–37 cm (13–15 in) in length and weighing 550–1,200 g (19–42 oz), it is a large species of spurfowl.[2] It is found in Ethiopia and Somaliland. The population is believed to be stable but according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) there is insufficient data to make an estimate of the population.


The chestnut-naped spurfowl was described in 1888 by the Italian zoologist Tommaso Salvadori based on a specimen collected near "Lago Ciar-Ciar" (now Haro Ch'erch'er Hayk') in the Ahmar Mountains of central Ethiopia. He coined the binomial name Francolinus castaneicollis.[3][a] The species is now placed in the genus Pternistis that was introduced by the German naturalist Johann Georg Wagler in 1832.[4][5] The specific epithet castaneicollis combines the Latin castaneus meaning "chestnut-brown" and the Modern Latin -collis meaning "necked".[6] The chestnut-naped spurfowl is monotypic: no subspecies are recognised.[5]


  1. ^ The volume of the Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova has 1888 on the title page but Salvadori states in the article that the specimen was collected in Ethiopia on 22 December 1888. Thus either the year in the article is incorrect or the volume was published after 1888.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pternistis castaneicollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22728231A94975710. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22728231A94975710.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ Dunning Jr., John B. (1992). CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-4258-5.
  3. ^ a b Salvadori, Tommaso (1888). "Uccelli dello Scioa e dell 'Harar raccolti Dal Dott. Vincenzo Ragazzi". Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. 2nd series (in Italian and Latin). 26: 525–544 [542–543].
  4. ^ Wagler, Johann Georg (1832). "Neue Sippen und Gattungen der Säugthiere und Vögel". Isis von Oken (in German and Latin). cols 1218–1235 [1229].
  5. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pheasants, partridges, francolins". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  6. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

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