Cianjur, Cianjur Regency

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Cianjur
Regional transcription(s)
 • Sundanesecianjur
Gentur Lamp Monument
Gentur Lamp Monument
Cianjur is located in Java
Cianjur
Cianjur
Location in Java and Indonesia
Cianjur is located in Indonesia
Cianjur
Cianjur
Cianjur (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°49′12″S 107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083Coordinates: 6°49′12″S 107°8′27″E / 6.82000°S 107.14083°E / -6.82000; 107.14083
Country Indonesia
ProvinceWest Java
RegencyCianjur Regency
Inception1677
Government
 • CamatTomtom Dani Gardiat
 • SecretaryKuntjara Sobandi Sachri
Area
 • Total26.15 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
Elevation392 m (1,286 ft)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate)[2]
 • Total174,587
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWT)
Postal code
43211
Area code(+62) 263
Villages11
WebsiteOfficial website
A logement (inn) in Cianjur in the early 1900s

Cianjur (Sundanese: ᮎᮤᮃᮔ᮪ᮏᮥᮁ) is a town and district in the West Java province of Indonesia, and is the seat of Cianjur Regency. The district of Cianjur is located along one of the main roads between Jakarta (120 km to the northwest) and Bandung (60 km to the east). The population was 158,125 at the 2010 Census and 173,265 at the 2020 Census;[1] the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 174,587.[2] Because of its location, some of Cianjur's residents commute to work either in Bandung or in Jakarta.

The road on which Cianjur is located used to be the main (extremely busy) road from Jakarta to Bandung but was in effect replaced as the main road link between these two main cities when the Jakarta-Bandung tollroad was fully completed in 2005. However, due to its low traffic, Cianjur returned as one of the alternative routes for travellers from Jakarta and Bandung.[3][4]

History[edit]

Grand Mosque of Cianjur

Cianjur was founded in 1677, with the first head of the town being R. A. Wiratanudatar I, entitled Dalem Cikundul, as the descendant from the old Sundanese city of Pajajaran.[5]

By 2007 the city government asked female municipal employees to wear jilbab (hijab). It also placed road signs encouraging women to wear jilbab.[6]

A magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck offshore West Java on September 2, 2009, killing 21 people in Cianjur alone.[7]

Another 5.6 magnitude earthquake occurred on November 21, 2022, killing 331 and injuring 7,729 others.[8][9]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Cianjur district is divided into 11 administrative villages which are as follows:[1]

  • Babakankaret
  • Bojongherang
  • Limbangansari
  • Mekarsari
  • Muka
  • Nagrak
  • Pamoyanan
  • Sawahgede
  • Sayang
  • Solokpandan
  • Sukamaju

Economy[edit]

The district mainly produces home and micro Industrial products, especially leather, wood, precious metals, woven, pottery, fabrics, and foods.[1]

Transportation[edit]

After being dormant for about 2 years, the train called Siliwangi between Sukabumi and Cianjur was reactivated on 8 February 2014. It is faster than the buses which are usually trapped in traffic jams, but the cost of a train ticket is double that of using buses.[10]

Paddy fields in Mekarsari village

Climate[edit]

Cianjur has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with moderate rainfall from June to September and heavy rainfall from October to May.

Climate data for Cianjur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.3
(84.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
Average low °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
19.9
(67.8)
19.9
(67.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.9
(67.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.4
(65.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(67.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 283
(11.1)
245
(9.6)
295
(11.6)
280
(11.0)
204
(8.0)
118
(4.6)
116
(4.6)
111
(4.4)
119
(4.7)
245
(9.6)
299
(11.8)
295
(11.6)
2,610
(102.6)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Cianjur Subdistrict in Figures 2020". Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  3. ^ "Tol Cipularang Sudah Enggak Asyik, Jakarta-Bandung Bisa 6 Jam, Dishub Sarankan Naik Kereta Api – Tribun Jabar". Tribun Jabar (in Indonesian). 7 April 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Jalur Bogor-Bandung via Cianjur Diusulkan jadi Jalan Wisata". SINDOnews.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Dalem Cikundul, Murid Sunan Gunung Jati Penyebar Islam di Cianjur - Tribunnews.com". Tribunnews.com (in Indonesian). 29 May 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. ^ Warburton, Eve (January–March 2007). "No longer a choice" (89 ed.). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  7. ^ Erwida Maulia (4 September 2009). "Aftershock and aid follow earthquake". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  8. ^ Chaterine, R. N. (26 November 2022). "Korban Gempa Cianjur Masih Bertambah: 318 Meninggal, 7.729 Luka-Luka" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  9. ^ Wijaya, Stefani; YUD (3 December 2022). "Update Gempa Cianjur: Korban Meninggal Jadi 331 Jiwa". Berita Satu. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  10. ^ "Humas: Tarif KA Cianjur-Sukabumi Masih Bisa Dikoreksi". 8 February 2014.
  11. ^ "Climate: Cianjur". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 November 2020.