Darryl Gerard Hickman
July 28, 1931
Hollywood, California, U.S.
(m. 1959; div. 1982)
Lynda Farmer Hickman
|Relatives||Dwayne Hickman (brother)|
Darryl Gerard Hickman (born July 28, 1931) is an American former actor, screenwriter, television executive, and acting coach. He started his career as a child actor in the Golden Age of Hollywood and appeared in numerous TV serials as an adult. He appeared in films such as The Grapes of Wrath (1940) and Leave Her to Heaven (1945).
He is the older brother of Dwayne Hickman, an actor, television executive, producer and director, and Deidre Hickman.
Child actor in the 1930s and 1940s
Hickman was born in Hollywood, California, to Milton and Katherine Hickman (née Ostertag). His father sold insurance and his mother was a housewife. His maternal grandfather, Louis Henry Ostertag, was a US Navy seaman on Commodore George Dewey's flagship, the cruiser USS Olympia (C-6), and present at the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898, for which he was awarded the Dewey Medal by Act of Congress. Per the 1940 Census, Darryl and his family were living with his grandparents at 950 Kenmore St., in Los Angeles.
In the mid-1930s, Darryl was discovered by a dance-school director, and subsequently became a student there. The following year, Hollywood studio Paramount signed a contract with the child actor. His first film role was as Ronald Colman's son in The Prisoner of Zenda in 1937. He attended Paramount's school in California and his classmates included Gene Nelson and Jackie Cooper.
In preparation for the 1939 Bing Crosby movie The Star Maker, Paramount casting agents, led by Leroy Prinz, interviewed more than a thousand children. Hickman won one of the parts in the film. Pleased with Hickman's performance, Crosby notified his older brother and talent agent Everett Crosby of the young actor. After this, he went on to appear in multiple motion pictures throughout the 1930s and 1940s in a wide array of genres. A busy performer, he sometimes worked on different films simultaneously.
In 1939, he was cast in 20th Century Fox's film adaption of John Steinbeck's best-selling novel from 1939, The Grapes of Wrath, starring Henry Fonda and directed by John Ford. He portrayed Winfield Joad, the youngest member of a family trying to cope with the hardships of the Great Depression. The film was a critical and commercial success, with Ford winning an Academy Award for Best Director, while actress Jane Darwell won for Best Supporting Actress. In 1941, Hickman played a reform-school juvenile delinquent in Men of Boys Town, "almost running away [with his role] right under [co-star] Mickey Rooney's nose", said one review. Another notable role during this time included the wartime melodrama The Human Comedy, where he played a mentally slow child. Hickman made a featured appearance as Frank in the 1942 Our Gang comedy short "Going to Press". In 1944, he again played the bad-boy antagonist, cast opposite Jimmy Lydon's goody two-shoes character in the film Henry Aldrich, Boy Scout.
In 1946, he played the younger version of Van Heflin's character Sam Masterson in the film noir The Strange Love of Martha Ivers. To make it seem credible that Hickman looked like a young Van Heflin, the latter provided a picture of himself as a teenager to makeup artist Wally Westmore. In this period, he also acted alongside Gene Tierney and Cornel Wilde in the 1945 film Leave Her to Heaven. Being the sole survivor among the cast, he provided extra commentary in the DVD release of the movie. His experience of working with Tierney was mixed, considering her to have been aloof and not given her best performance, although it won her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. The year after the release of Leave Her to Heaven, Hickman was lauded by a newspaper as "one of Hollywood's top juveniles". Hickman later became critical of child acting, lamenting how the profession for young actors deprives them of a real childhood. He opted to get therapeutical assistance for several years to come to terms with his past.
Adult years as an actor
Hickman graduated from Cathedral High School in Los Angeles in 1948 (his brother Dwayne graduated from the same school in 1952). Finding it hard to adjust to adulthood after being in the limelight for most of his childhood, he retired from show business to enter a monastery in 1951 as a Passionist monk. He returned to Hollywood around one month later. He continued acting, but with fewer roles than he had at the peak of his career. One of his most notable roles during this time was as Al in the 1956 film Tea and Sympathy. He also began acting for the first time in the then-new entertainment medium of television. The switch did not always turn out successfully, for many shows were cancelled for various reasons in the early years of television. Hickman's ongoing efforts to reinvigorate his acting career were interrupted for two years while he served in the United States Army from 1954 to 1956.
In 1959 and 1960, Hickman appeared on younger brother Dwayne Hickman's CBS sitcom The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, playing his older brother Davey in three different episodes: "The Right Triangle" (1959), "Deck the Halls" (1959), and "Where There's a Will" (1960). Also in 1959 he starred twice in the TV Western Gunsmoke; as "Andy Hill" in the episode "The Choice" (S4E34) and as “Danny” in the episode “Target” (S5E1). In 1961, Hickman starred in a short-lived TV series The Americans. In 1957, he played murderer Steve Harris in the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Sleepwalker's Niece". He appeared in two episodes of The Untouchables, "You Can't Pick the Number" and "Pressure". Aside from film and television, Hickman also starred in Broadway productions, such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning play How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying in 1963, substituting for star Robert Morse. In 1976, after a 17-year hiatus from movies, Hickman had a minor role as Bill Herron in Network.
Television executive and acting coach
Hickman eventually became a television executive, producer, and occasional screenwriter, mainly working in New York City. He wrote the scripts for several 1961 episodes of The Loretta Young Show. In the early 1970s, Hickman was associate producer of the long-running soap opera Love of Life. He was also one of the producers of A Year at the Top with Norman Lear in 1977. During the production of the pilot episode for A Year at the Top, he reunited with guest-star Mickey Rooney, with whom he had acted in the Boys Town sequel Men of Boys Town in 1941.
Hickman's book about acting techniques, The Unconscious Actor: Out of Control, in Full Command, was published in April 2007. In it, he explains how his approach to acting evolved through his interactions with the various actors and directors with whom he worked over the years. One of his most important influences came from working with Spencer Tracy and George Cukor in the 1942 movie Keeper of the Flame. In another book written by James Curtis and published in 2011, Spencer Tracy: A Biography, Hickman's admiration for Tracy and Cukor is again documented. He praises the two men's patience in that biography, as well as their ability to give due attention to inexperienced actors such as himself. Earlier, in a 2002 interview, Hickman stated that the current generation of young Hollywood actors was talented, but lacked the proper coaching and ambition.
Hickman married actress Pamela Lincoln, with whom he had acted in the movie The Tingler, on November 28, 1959. The couple, who had two sons, divorced in 1982. Their younger son, Justin, committed suicide at the age of 19 in 1985.
|1937||The Prisoner of Zenda||Bit Role||Uncredited|
|1938||If I Were King||Child||Uncredited|
|1939||The Star Maker||"Boots"|
|The Grapes of Wrath||Winfield Joad|
|The Farmer's Daughter||Billy Bingham||Uncredited|
|The Way of All Flesh||Victor As A boy|
|Prairie Law||Homesteader's Son||Uncredited|
|Mystery Sea Raider||Benny||Uncredited|
|1941||Sign of the Wolf||Billy Freeman|
|Men of Boys Town||"Flip"|
|Mob Town||Butch "Shrimp" Malone|
|Glamour Boy||Billy Doran|
|1942||Young America||David Engstrom|
|Joe Smith, American||Johnny Smith|
|Jackass Mail||Tommy Gargan|
|Northwest Rangers||'Blackie' As A Boy|
|1943||Keeper of the Flame||Jeb Rickards|
|The Human Comedy||Lionel|
|Assignment in Brittany||Etienne|
|1944||Henry Aldrich, Boy Scout||Peter Kent|
|Song of Russia||Peter Bulganov|
|And Now Tomorrow||Joe||Uncredited|
|Meet Me in St. Louis||Johnny Tevis||Uncredited|
|Captain Eddie||Eddie Rickenbacker As A Boy|
|Rhapsody in Blue||Ira Gershwin As A Boy|
|Kiss and Tell||Raymond Pringle|
|Leave Her to Heaven||Danny Harland|
|1946||Two Years Before the Mast||Sam Hooper|
|The Strange Love of Martha Ivers||Young Sam Masterson|
|1947||The Devil on Wheels||Micky Clark|
|Dangerous Years||Leo Emerson|
|1948||The Sainted Sisters||Jud Tewilliger|
|Fighting Father Dunne||Matt Davis|
|Big Town Scandal||"Skinny" Peters|
|1949||Alias Nick Beal||Larry Price|
|Any Number Can Play||Paul Enley Kyng|
|A Kiss for Corliss||Dexter Franklin|
|1950||The Happy Years||"Tough" McCarty|
|1951||Lightning Strikes Twice||"String"|
|Criminal Lawyer||Bill Webber||Uncredited|
|Submarine Command||Jack Wheelwright|
|1953||Destination Gobi||Wilbur "Coney" Cohen|
|Island in the Sky||Swanson|
|Sea of Lost Ships||Senior Cadet Pete Bennett|
|Prisoner of War||Merton Tollivar|
|Ricochet Romance||Dave King|
|1955||Many Rivers to Cross||Miles Henderson||Uncredited|
|1956||Tea and Sympathy||Al|
|1957||The Iron Sheriff||Benjamin "Benjie" Galt|
|The Persuader||Toby Bonham|
|1959||The Tingler||David Morris|
|Time Element||Ensign Janoski||TV Series|
|1981||Looker||Dr. Jim Belfield|
|Sharky's Machine||Detective Smiley|
|1982||The Tragedy of King Lear||Earl of Kent|
|1986||GoBots: Battle of the Rock Lords||Marbles / Hornet||Voice|
- Coffins on Wheels (1941) – Billy Phillips
- Heart Burn (1942) – Nephew
- Going to Press (1942) – Frank
- Boogie Woogie (1945) – Junior Stumplefinger
- "OS Louis Henry Ostertag (1875-1940) - Find a Grave". Find a Grave.
- "Darryl Hickman Right In His Element In Kiss For Corliss". The Capital. Annapolis, Maryland. January 30, 1950. p. 10. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- "The Hollywood Round-Up". Amarillo Globe-News. September 12, 1939. p. 13. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- "Darryl Hickman finds brother is now his boss". The Mercury. Pottstown, Pennsylvania. August 5, 1977. p. 24. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Neville, Lucie (June 25, 1939). "Pooh for Shirley! They're in the Movies Now!". San Bernardino County Sun. p. 32. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Civil War Theme-'The Americans' Eagerly Watched By Americans". Wilson Daily Times. May 2, 1961. p. 13. Retrieved July 1, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Nugent, Frank (January 25, 1940). "Twentieth Century-Fox Shows a Flawless Film Edition of John Steinbeck's 'The Grapes of Wrath". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". Oscars. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- King, Susan (January 11, 2001). "'Grapes' Memories". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- "Theaters". Mansfield News Journal. April 13, 1944 – via Newspapers.com.
- Going to Press at IMDb Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "Photographers Serve As Makeup Models". Brownsville Herald. February 10, 1946. p. 28. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Henderson, Eric (May 28, 2013). "Leave Her to Heaven". Slant Magazine. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "'Devil On Wheels' Is Lesson Film". Camden News. June 28, 1947. p. 2. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Sifford, Darrell (October 29, 1984). "Former child star learns to cope". Boca Raton News. p. 6. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Dunn, Bill (May 29, 1971). "Actor Now Producing And Writing". The Tribune. Seymour, Indiana. p. 18. Retrieved July 1, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Wakelee-Lynch, Joseph (November 17, 2011). "The Careers of Dwayne Hickman '56". Loyola Marymount University. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Overview for Darryl Hickman". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Graves, Jim (July 27, 2017). "The Hollywood Round-Up". Catholic World Report. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
- "Darryl Hickman He Has TV Scars". Doylestown Intelligencer. December 21, 1963. p. 21. Retrieved July 1, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- "Darryl Hickman". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- "Darryl Hickman". IMDb. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Crosby, Joan (September 29, 1977). "Ex-child actor busy in adult behind-camera work". El Paso Herald-Post. p. 44. Retrieved July 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Monaco, James (1992). Network. Perigee Trade. p. 617. ISBN 9780399517808.
- Witbeck, Charles (July 2, 1961). "Darryl Hickman's Growing Up". Chicago Tribune. p. 8. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- "'A Day at the Top', Norman Lear's Latest". Findlay Courier. January 5, 1977. p. 13. Retrieved July 1, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Hickman, Darryl (2007). The Unconscious Actor: Out of Control, In Full Command. Small Mountain Press. ISBN 978-0977680924.
- Curtis, James (2011). Spencer Tracy: A Biography. Knopf. ISBN 978-0307262899.
- Koseluk, Chris (February 14, 2002). "Acting Out". Backstage. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- "Actor Darryl Hickman Marries in Hollywood". Racine Journal Times. November 29, 1959. p. 10. Retrieved July 1, 2016 – via Newspaperarchive.com.
- Morris, Eric (2015). The Diary of a Professional Experiencer: An Autobiographical Journey Into the Evolution of an Acting System. Ermor Enterprises. ISBN 978-0962970955.
- Holmstrom, John. The Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, pp. 169–170.
- Best, Marc. Those Endearing Young Charms: Child Performers of the Screen, South Brunswick and New York: Barnes & Co., 1971, pp. 105–110.