First Lady of the United States

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First Lady of
the United States
Jill Biden portrait (cropped).jpg
Jill Biden

since January 20, 2021
  • Madam First Lady
  • Dr. Biden
ResidenceWhite House
Inaugural holderMartha Washington
FormationApril 30, 1789

The first lady of the United States, abbreviated to as (FLOTUS) is the title and role held by hostess of the White House and usually the wife of the president of the United States, during the president's term in office.

Jill Biden is the current first lady of the United States, in role since January 2021 as the wife of President Joe Biden.

Origins and role[change | change source]

The first lady is not elected by the people of the United States. There are no official jobs she is officially required to perform and she is not paid for being the first lady, but she is often involved in political campaigns, managements of the White House, participating in social causes and representing the president at official and ceremonial occasions and accompanying the president on foreign summits and events.

Office of the First Lady[change | change source]

The Office of the First Lady of the United States helps the first lady carry out her duties as the official hostess of the White House, and is also in charge of all social and ceremonial events of the White House.

The first lady has her own staff that includes a chief of staff, press secretary, White House Social Secretary, and Chief Floral Designer. The Office of the First Lady is located in the East Wing of the White House.

Causes and Initiatives[change | change source]

Since the 1920's, many first ladies have become public speakers, to promote public initiatives. A staff supports her agenda.

Fashion influence[change | change source]

Some first ladies have had an inspirational fashion style such as Martha Washington, Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, Elizabeth Monroe, Mary Todd Lincoln, Grace Coolidge, Eleanor Roosevelt, Mamie Eisenhower, Jacqueline Kennedy, Lady Bird Johnson, Pat Nixon, Betty Ford, Nancy Reagan, Barbara Bush, Hillary Clinton, Laura Bush, Michelle Obama, Melania Trump, and Jill Biden.

List of living former first ladies[change | change source]

As of 2023, there are five living former first ladies.

# First Lady Served Born President
39 Rosalynn Carter 2016.jpg Rosalynn Carter 1977–1981 1927
(age 95)
Jimmy Carter
42 HRC in Iowa APR 2015.jpg Hillary Clinton 1993–2001 1947
(age 75)
Bill Clinton
43 Laura Bush 2012.jpg Laura Bush 2001–2009 1946
(age 76)
George W. Bush
44 Michelle Obama2 (cropped).jpg Michelle Obama 2009–2017 1964
(age 59)
Barack Obama
45 Melanie Trump 4th July 2020 (cropped).jpg Melania Trump 2017–2021 1970
(age 52)
Donald Trump