Garut Regency

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Garut Regency
Kabupaten Garut
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮊᮘᮥᮕᮒᮨᮔ᮪ ᮌᮛᮥᮒ᮪
Rice field in Garut, West Java
Rice field in Garut, West Java
Flag of Garut Regency
Coat of arms of Garut Regency
Nickname(s): 
Kabupaten Intan
(Regency of Diamonds)
Motto(s): 
Tata Tengtrem Kerta Raharja
(Orderly, peaceful, and prosperous)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Garut Regency is located in Java
Garut Regency
Garut Regency
Location in Java and Indonesia
Garut Regency is located in Indonesia
Garut Regency
Garut Regency
Garut Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 7°12′10″S 107°53′09″E / 7.2027°S 107.8859°E / -7.2027; 107.8859Coordinates: 7°12′10″S 107°53′09″E / 7.2027°S 107.8859°E / -7.2027; 107.8859
Country Indonesia
ProvinceWest Java
Regency seatSouth Tarogong
(Tarogong Kidul)
Government
 • RegentRudy Gunawan
Area
 • Total3,065.19 km2 (1,183.48 sq mi)
Population
 (mid 2021 estimate)
 • Total2,604,787
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (WIB)
Area code0262
Websitegarutkab.go.id

Garut Regency is a Regency in the West Java province of Indonesia. It covers an area of 3,065.19 km2 (1,186.91 mi2). Geographically, it lies between 6°57′34″ – 7°44′57″ South latitude and 107°24′34″ – 108°7′34″ East longitude. The population at the 2010 census was 2,404,121,[2] and at the 2020 census was 2,585,607;[3] the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 2,604,787.[4] South Tarogong (Tarogong Kidul) is the regency seat.

Adjacent regencies[edit]

It is bordered by:

Geography[edit]

In general, Garut has a cool but tropical climate, with an average temperature of 24 °C (76 °F). Average annual rainfall is 2,590 mm (102 inches). This area includes valley territory surrounded by volcanoes (Mount Karacak: 1,838 m, Mount Cikuray: 2,821 m, Mount Guntur: 2,249 m, Mount Papandayan: 2,622 m) on the northern side, with average heights of 700–750 m above sea level. Streams of solidified lava are present on their slopes.

Administrative Districts[edit]

Garut Regency is currently divided into 42 districts (kecamatan), listed below with their areas and populations at the 2010 and 2020 censuses,[5] together with the official estimates as at mid 2021.[6] The table also includes the locations of the district administrative centres, the number of villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its post code.

However, in 2013 the National Legislative Council approved a proposal to create a new Regency - South Garut Regency (Kabupaten Garut Selatan) - to include the 16 southernmost districts (those listed first in the table below) of the existing Garut Regency, with a combined population of 676,940 in mid 2021.[7][8] The new Regency would thus inherit 63% of the land area of the existing regency, but only 26% of its population in 2021. As at 2022, this proposal has not yet been implemented.

District Area
in
km2.
Pop'n
2010
census
Pop'n
2020
census
Pop'n
mid 2021
estimate
Administrative
centre
No. of
Villages
Post
code
Cisewu 172.83 32,976 33,412 33,460 Cisewu 9 44169
Caringin 99.03 29,566 32,010 32,260 Purbayani 6 44166
Talegong 108.74 30,715 28,747 28,770 Sukamulya 7 44167
Bungbulang 146.98 59,659 58,300 58,350 Bungbulang 13 44165
Mekarmukti 55.22 15,634 18,161 18,430 Cijayana 5 44155
Pamulihan 132.44 17,570 18,592 18,700 Pakenjeng 5 44168
Pakenjeng 198.44 65,752 68,277 68,530 Jatiwangi 13 44164
Cikelet 172.32 40,928 44,488 44,850 Cikelet 11 44177
Pameungpeuk 44.11 38,852 42,560 42,940 Mandalakasih 8 44175
Cibalong 213.59 40,768 44,565 44,960 Karya Mukti 11 44176
Cisompet 172.25 49,848 52,746 53,040 Cisompet 11 44174
Peundeuy 56.79 22,408 23,755 23,890 Peundeuy 6 44178
Singajaya 67.69 45,509 47,313 47,500 Singajaya 9 44170
Cihurip 40.42 17,993 18,691 18,770 Cihurip 4 44173
Cikajang 124.95 78,164 83,944 84,540 Cikajang 12 44171
Banjarwangi 123.82 56,100 57,780 57,950 Banjarwangi 11 44172
Totals South Garut 1,929.62 642,442 673,341 676,940 141
District Area
in
km2.
Pop'n
2010
census
Pop'n
2020
census
Pop'n
mid 2021
estimate
Administrative
centre
No. of
Villages
Post
code
Cilawu 77.63 100,073 107,738 108,520 Cilawu 18 44181
Bayongbong 49.95 93,102 102,703 103,700 Bayongbong 18 44162
Cigedug 31.20 38,199 43,475 44,030 Cigedug 5 44116
Cisurupan 80.88 95,086 98,587 98,940 Balewangi 17 44163
Sukaresmi 35.17 37,082 39,844 40,130 Sukaresmi 7 44154
Samarang 59.71 71,169 77,181 77,800 Samarang 13 44160
Pasirwangi 46.70 62,048 64,935 65,230 Pasirwangi 12 44161
Tarogong Kidul 19.46 108,192 114,965 115,660 Sukakarya 12 44150
Tarogong Kaler 50.57 84,843 95,942 97,100 Cimanganten 13 44151
Garut Kota 27.71 126,452 127,583 127,710 Pakuwon 11 44111
- 44119
Karangpawitan 52.07 116,833 135,814 137,820 Sindanglaya 20 44182
Wanaraja 35.26 44,036 48,281 48,720 Wanaraja 9 44180
Sucinaraja 33.83 26,045 29,105 29,420 Tegalpanjang 7 44115
Pangatikan 19.72 38,472 42,043 42,410 Cimaragas 8 44183
Sukawening 38.83 49,689 55,890 56,540 Sukamukti 11 44179
Karangtengah 23.28 16,107 18,371 18,610 Sindanggalih 4 44184
Banyuresmi 47.88 78,190 91,016 91,720 Bagendit 15 44191
Leles 73.51 76,056 83,445 84,210 Leles 12 44152 (a)
Leuwigoong 19.35 41,485 46,398 46,910 Leuwigoong 8 44192
Cibatu 41.43 63,598 73,646 74,250 Cibatu 11 44185
Kersamanah 16.50 35,583 38,612 38,920 Kersamanah 6 44189
Cibiuk 19.90 30,368 34,560 35,000 Cipareuan 5 44193
Kadungora 37.31 86,516 92,233 92,820 Karangtengah 14 44153
Blubur Limbangan 73.59 76,530 78,608 78,820 Limbangantimur 14 44186
Selaawi 34.07 37,167 41,703 42,180 Selaawi 7 44187
Malangbong 92.38 118,671 129,588 130,710 Malangbong 24 44188
Totals North Garut 1,135.55 1,761,679 1,912,266 1,927,850 301
Totals Garut Regency 3,065.19 2,404,121 2,585,607 2,604,787 442

Note: (a) except the desa of Cangkuang, which has a post code of 44119.

Administratively, the 42 districts are subdivided into 442 villages, comprising 421 rural desa and 21 urban kelurahan. The kelurahan comprise all 11 villages in Kota Garut, 4 of the 20 villages in Karangpawitan, 5 of the 12 villages in Tarogong Kidul and 1 of the 13 villages in Tarogong Kaler. Cibalong District is the largest district and covers 6.97% of the area of all Garut Regency districts, while the Kersamanah District is the smallest, with an area of 1,650 ha or 0.54%. Garut constitutes the buffer land and hinterland for the development of Bandung Raja's territory. It has a strategic position and acts as the supplier for the needs of Bandung Municipality and Bandung Regency's populations.

The Garut Regency has two distinct topographical areas:

  • Northern Garut consists of highlands and mountainous terrain, which have the largest rice fields of Garut
  • Southern Garut is mostly made out of downward sloping lands, along with twelve main rivers which flow south into the Sunda Trough, an area of oceanic crust near the southern coast of Java that is part of the larger Indian Ocean.

Tourist resorts are well-established in Garut Regency, with coastal views, and others with craters, waterfalls, lakes and a hot springs.[9]

History[edit]

Coat of Arms of Garoet used during Dutch colonial era, adopted from 1920s.

On March 2, 1811, the Balubur Limbangan Regency was defeated by Governor General Herman W. Daendels (of the Dutch Colonial Army), and Regent Tumenggung Wangsakusumah II resigned. Balubur Limbangan Regency then comprised 6 districts: Balubur, Malangbong, Wanaraja, Wanakerta, Cibeureum and Papandak.

On February 16, 1813, a new Limbangan Regency was founded by Lt. Governor Sir Stamford Raffles which became Garut Regency. R.A.A. Adiwijaya was the first Regent of Garut Regency. He governed from 1813 until 1821. He was well known for his call of Dalem Cipeujeuh.

Localities[edit]

Local produce[edit]

Land fertility varies greatly because of influence by mountains, rivers and coastal lowlands. As a result, agricultural businesses are primarily plantation-based, as well as subsistence farming and animal husbandry, followed by forest resources.

Some known products from Garut are:

  • Garut Orange fruits (Jeruk Garut)
  • Mangdogars Handycraft "Mang Dogar" as Garut Icon likes ornament, dolls, souvenir, clothes
  • Garut Lamb (Domba Garut)
  • Dodol Garut (a snack)
  • Vetiver Root Oil (Andropogon zizanioides)
  • Batik Tulis Garutan (hand painted clothes)
  • Silk clothes
  • Gemstones
  • Leather crafts
  • Bamboo crafts

Tourism in Garut[edit]

Garut is known as Zwitserse van Java (Switzerland of Java). It has so many tourist attractions divided into several tourism zone units (Indonesian: Satuan Kawasan Wisata (SKW)):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2022.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  7. ^ "Council backs south Garut as new regency". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  8. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  9. ^ Ika Krismantari, 'Garut: The Hidden Beauty of West Java', The Jakarta Post, 19 April 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 191. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.

External links[edit]

Media related to Garut Regency at Wikimedia Commons