Judah Jeitteles

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Judah Jeitteles
Born(1773-03-00)March 1773
Prague, Bohemia
Died6 June 1838(1838-06-06) (aged 65)
Vienna, Austrian Empire
LanguageHebrew, German
ChildrenAndreas Ludwig Jeitteles[1]

Judah ben-Jonah Jeitteles (Hebrew: יהודה בן־יונה ייטלש; March 1773 – 6 June 1838) was a Bohemian maskil and Hebrew writer.


Judah Jeitteles was born to prominent Jewish physician Jonas Jeitteles [de; he] in Prague, where he received a traditional Jewish education.[2]

An advocate of education reform in Jewish schools (including for the abolition of ḥeders and for the integration of Jewish studies into the curricula of secular schools),[2] Jeitteles was appointed supervisor of the German-language Jewish school in Prague around 1812.[1] At the age of 40, he was elected one of four communal leaders of Prague's Jewish community, but later settled in Vienna.[1]

He devoted himself to the study of Oriental languages and literature under the direction of his brother Baruch Jeitteles.[3] He was the first to compose in Hebrew a grammar of Biblical Aramaic,[3] its title being Mevo lashon Aramit (Prague, 1813). He edited and wrote commentaries on the books of Samuel, Kings, the Twelve Minor Prophets, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Daniel for Anton Edler von Schmid's new (fourth) edition of the Bible with German translation.[4][5] Among other works, Jeitteles also published Siḥah be-erez ha-ḥayyim (Brünn, 1800), Mizmor le-todah (Prague, 1817), and Bene ha-neʻurim (Prague, 1821),[6] besides contributing poetry and essays on history and philology to Ha-Meassef and Kerem Ḥemed [he].[7] He left in manuscript a complete Aramaic-German dictionary, which explains especially the root words of the Aramaicisms occurring in the Hebrew text of the Tanakh.[3]



 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainKisch, Alexander (1904). "Jeiteles (Jeitteles)". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 91.

  1. ^ a b c Hecht, Louise (2008). "Jeitteles family". In Hundert, Gershon (ed.). YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  2. ^ a b Carlebach, Elisheva; Moore, Deborah Dash, eds. (2019). Confronting Modernity, 1750–1880. Posen Library of Jewish Culture and Civilization. Vol. 6. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-300-19000-7.
  3. ^ a b c Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1863). "Jeitteles, Juda" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 10. p. 127 – via Wikisource.{{citation}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  4. ^ Strong, James; McClintock, John (1880). "Jeitteles, Juda Low". Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. New York: Haper and Brothers.
  5. ^ Bezzel, Hannes; Hecht, Louise; Schorch, Grit (2019). "Die Anfänge moderner Bibelwissenschaft in der Wiener Haskala: Juda Jeitteles und Juda Leib ben Ze'ev als Exegeten im Verlagshaus von Anton Schmid". Deutsch-jüdische Bibelwissenschaft: historische, exegetische und theologische Perspektiven (in German). De Gruyter Oldenbourg. pp. 171–193. doi:10.1515/9783110551631-012. ISBN 978-3-11-055163-1. S2CID 188011979.
  6. ^ Fürst, Julius (1863). Bibliotheca Judaica: Bibliographisches Handbuch der gesammten jüdischen Literatur (in German). Vol. 2. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. p. 52.
  7. ^ Katznelson, J. L.; Ginzburg, Baron D., eds. (1911). "Йейтелес, Иуда"  [Jeitteles, Judah]. Jewish Encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron (in Russian). Vol. 8. St. Petersburg: Brockhaus & Efron. p. 584.