|3rd Executive of Prince George's County|
March 9, 1978 – April 6, 1982
|Preceded by||Winfield M. Kelly Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Parris Glendening|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Maryland's 5th district
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1975
|Preceded by||Hervey Machen|
|Succeeded by||Gladys Spellman|
Lawrence Joseph Hogan
September 30, 1928
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||April 20, 2017 (aged 88)|
Annapolis, Maryland, U.S.
|Children||6, including Larry and Patrick|
Lawrence Joseph Hogan Sr. (September 30, 1928 – April 20, 2017) was an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Congressman, representing the 5th congressional district of Maryland from January 3, 1969, to January 3, 1975. In 1974, he was the only Republican Representative to vote to recommend all three House articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon. He was the father of the 62nd Governor of Maryland, Larry Hogan.
Hogan did not run for re-election in 1974 and was unsuccessful that year in his candidacy for the Republican nomination for governor. He became county executive for Prince George's County, Maryland, in 1978 and served until 1982.
To date, he is the last Republican to have served as representative from Maryland's 5th congressional district.
Early life and education
Born in Boston, on September 30, 1928, Hogan was raised in Washington, D.C. and attended Gonzaga College High School. He received his bachelor's degree from Georgetown University in 1949, J.D. from Georgetown in 1954, and was admitted to the Bar in the same year. While a college student, he worked for the Washington Times-Herald. He joined the FBI in 1948 and became a full-time agent while attending law school. He later was enrolled in graduate studies at San Francisco State College, 1956–1957, received a master's degree from American University in 1965, and continued studies at the University of Maryland, 1966–1967.
Hogan's private career included practicing law and public relations. His Larry Hogan Associates business was making $1 million a year before he sold it to enter politics.
In 1968, Hogan won against incumbent Hervey Machen to represent Maryland's 5th congressional district, and was re-elected in 1970 and 1972. Hogan was the only Republican on the House Judiciary Committee to vote for all three articles of impeachment against Richard Nixon when they were adopted in committee during the impeachment process against Nixon. Hogan pointedly said during the televised committee hearings:
The thing that's so appalling to me is that the President, when this whole idea was suggested to him, didn't, in righteous indignation, rise up and say, "Get out of here, you're in the office of the President of the United States. How can you talk about blackmail and bribery and keeping witnesses silent? This is the Presidency of the United States." But my President didn't do that. He sat there and he worked and worked to try to cover this thing up so it wouldn't come to light.
Hogan entered Maryland's 1974 gubernatorial race when polls showed him a strong challenger to incumbent Governor Marvin Mandel. Hogan's abandonment of Nixon, however, contributed to his loss in the Republican primary to Louise Gore, who in turn lost to Mandel. Political observers also attributed Hogan's loss to Gore's "genteel, low-key nature". Gladys Spellman was elected to take Hogan's former seat in Congress.
After his 1974 defeat, Hogan and his wife Ilona opened the law firm Hogan and Hogan, with offices in Forestville, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. In 1976, Hogan was elected a Maryland National Republican Committeeman, and in January 1977 he began working as executive vice-president of the Associated Builders and Contractors trade association. When he left the position to re-enter politics, he was being paid between $70,000 and $100,000 a year, equivalent to $449,000 in 2022.
In 1978, Hogan challenged incumbent Prince George's County Executive Win Kelly amid a 'tax revolt' and won the office with 60% of the vote. County voters passed a tax reform measure known as "TRIM" that same year.
Hogan challenged first-term Democratic Senator Paul Sarbanes (who was his House Judiciary Committee colleague during the Nixon impeachment) in 1982 and lost heavily. Parris Glendening was elected as county executive in his place, and Hogan's political career was over. He returned to practicing law, taught, and wrote books. His Legal Aspects of the Fire Service is used at training academies across the U.S. as of 2014.
Personal life and death
Hogan married Ilona Maria Modly in 1974 after his first marriage to Nora Maguire ended with divorce in 1972 after 27 years. Ilona was elected to the Board of County Commissioners in Frederick County after they moved there. Two of Hogan's six children are also politically involved in the state of Maryland. Patrick N. Hogan was formerly a Republican Delegate representing Maryland's District 3A. Hogan's eldest son, Larry Hogan, was the Governor of Maryland from January 2015 to January 2023 after winning the 2014 and 2018 elections.
On April 15, 2017, Hogan had a severe stroke and died five days later, on April 20, at a hospital in Annapolis, Maryland, aged 88.
- ^ Joel D. Treese (1997). Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1996: The Continental Congress, September 5, 1774, to October 21, 1788, and the Congress of the United States, from the First Through the 104th Congress, March 4, 1789, to January 3, 1997. CQ Staff Directories, Incorporated. p. 1225. ISBN 9780872891241.
- ^ "Lawrence J. Hogan, Sr., County Executive, Prince George's County, Maryland". msa.maryland.gov. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- ^ Rosenwald, Michael S. (September 29, 2019). "'A very bad blow': The GOP lawmaker who turned on Nixon paid a price for it". Washington Post. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- ^ Shastry, Anjali (January 21, 2015). "Larry Hogan Sworn In as 62nd Governor of Maryland, Faces Challenging Term". CNS Maryland. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
- ^ a b c d e f g Schudel, Matt (April 22, 2017). "Lawrence J. Hogan Sr., Md. Republican who called for Nixon's impeachment, dies at 88". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- ^ a b United States Congress (1989). United States Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 1199.
- ^ a b c d Meyer, Eugene L. (October 31, 1978). "The Two Worlds of Larry Hogan". Washington Post. p. C1. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
He and his wife and law partner, Ilona. ... from a costly divorce from his first wife of 27 years.
- ^ a b c Kelly, Jacques (April 20, 2017). "Lawrence J. Hogan Sr., father of governor, dies". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e f g Kurtz, Josh (September 15, 2014). "Hogan's Hero". Center Maryland. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- ^ Groer, Annie (June 22, 2016). "Larry Hogan, Chip Off the Ol' Block". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- ^ Duggan, Paul (October 7, 2005). "Louise Gore, Force in Md. GOP, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
Political observers partly attributed Miss Gore's upset victory over Hogan in the 1974 gubernatorial primary to her genteel, low-key nature
- ^ Mullins, Luke (January 29, 2017). "Larry Hogan Is Having a Grand Old Time as Maryland's Governor". Washingtonian. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
- ^ "Patrick N. Hogan". Maryland State Archives. January 15, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- ^ Wagner, John; Johnson, Jenna (November 5, 2014). "Republican Larry Hogan wins Md. governor's race in stunning upset". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- ^ Cox, Erin (April 20, 2017). "Larry Hogan Sr., father to governor, gravely ill". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
- 1928 births
- 2017 deaths
- 20th-century American lawyers
- 20th-century American male writers
- 20th-century American non-fiction writers
- 20th-century American politicians
- 21st-century American lawyers
- American University alumni
- American male non-fiction writers
- Candidates in the 1982 United States elections
- Federal Bureau of Investigation agents
- Georgetown University Law Center alumni
- Gonzaga College High School alumni
- Lawyers from Washington, D.C.
- Maryland lawyers
- Neurological disease deaths in Maryland
- Politicians from Boston
- Prince George's County, Maryland Executives
- Republican Party members of the United States House of Representatives from Maryland
- San Francisco State University alumni
- University of Maryland, College Park alumni
- Writers from Maryland
- Writers from Massachusetts