Lingyuanopterus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lingyuanopterus
Temporal range: Aptian
IVPP V 17940.png
Holotype of Lingyuanopterus (IVPP V 17940) with a peipiaosteid fish above
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Family: Istiodactylidae
Genus: Lingyuanopterus
Xu et al., 2022
Type species
Lingyuanopterus camposi
Xu et al., 2022

Lingyuanopterus (lit.'Lingyuan wing') is a genus of istiodactylid pterosaur from the Aptian age Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning, China. The type and only species is L. camposi, known from the holotype specimen IVPP V 17940 a near complete skull, mandible and atlas-axis complex.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Lingyuanopterus was named and described in 2022 by Xu et al., (2022). The type species is L. camposi. The generic name is derived from the locality in which the holotype specimen was found 'Lingyuan' (IPA: [lɪŋüen]) and the Latinized Greek noun 'pterus' (IPA: [ptərʌs]), meaning 'wing'. The specific name 'camposi' (IPA: [cɑːmpɔːsaɪ]) honours Brazilian vertebrate paleontologist Diogenes de Almeida Campos for his contribution to China-Brazil pterosaur collaborative research.[1]

Description[edit]

Life reconstruction of head
Lingyuanopterus dimensions[1]
Dimension Metric Imperial
Skull length ≈306.8 mm ≈12.08 in
Mandible length ≈248.6 mm ≈9.79 in
Prejoint-skull length ≈236.9 mm ≈9.33 in
Skull dorsoventral height ≈51.1 mm ≈2.01 in
Mandibular symphysis length ≈64.8 mm ≈2.55 in
Rostral length ≈83.5 mm ≈3.29 in
Nasoantorbital fenestra anteroposterior length[a] ≈149.3 mm ≈5.88 in
Nasoantorbital fenestra dorsoventral height ≈35.6 mm ≈1.40 in
Upper tooth row length ≈83.8 mm ≈3.30 in
Lower tooth row length ≈71.9 mm ≈2.83 in

Lingyuanopterus is only known from the holotype IVPP V 17940, which consists of a nearly complete skull, a nearly complete mandible, and an atlas-axis complex. The dorsal margin of the skull is smooth and slightly curved, with no parietal crest/sagittal crest. The rostrum is slightly deflected dorsally, with its anterior end thicker at the ventral margin. The bones on the right side of the skull are ventrally displaced due to its preservation.[1]

Classification[edit]

In Xu et al., (2022) Lingyuanopterus is recovered as an istiodactylid pterosaur.[1]

Cladogram after Xu et al., (2022):

Istiodactyliformes

Lonchodectidae

Mimodactylidae

Hongshanopterus

Istiodactylidae

Nurhachius

Lingyuanopterus

Luchibang

Istiodactylinae

Paleobiology[edit]

Xu et al., (2022) suggest that Lingyuanopterus was adapted for scavenging, citing several features including the well-interlocked labiolingually compressed teeth, slender maxillae, shallow rostra and mandibular symphyses and long retroarticular processes.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It occupies approximately 48.7% of total skull length.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Yizhi Xu; Shunxing Jiang; Xiaolin Wang (26 July 2022). "A new istiodactylid pterosaur, Lingyuanopterus camposi gen. et sp. nov., from the Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China". PeerJ. 10: e13819. doi:10.7717/peerj.13819.