List of equipment of the Korean People's Army Ground Force

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of equipment used by the Korean People's Army Ground Force.

Small arms[edit]

Name Country of origin Image Note
Semi-automatic pistols
Type 64  North Korea Browning 1900 (6971783631).jpg Unlicensed copy of FN Browning M1900.
Type 66  North Korea Makarov (28034065).jpeg Indigenous copy of Makarov.
Type 68  North Korea TT 33 Pistol.jpg Indigenous copy of Tokarev and Browning Hi-Power pistol.
Type 70  North Korea Self-designed and produced; Modeled after the FN M1900; chambered in .32 ACP. resembles Makarov and FN Model 1910[1]
Paektusan[2]  North Korea Cz75.jpg Issued to high-ranking officers, pilots, and special force members.[3] In recent years the pistol is becoming the standard issued sidearm for most officers. Considered a copy of the CZ-75 pistol.
Norinco NZ-75  China
CZ 82  Czechoslovakia CZ 82 IMG 1785 noBg.jpg Issued to senior officers.
FN Baby Browning  Belgium Baby Browning.jpg Issued to spies.
FN Hi-Power  Belgium FN Hi Power.jpg Issued to spies and special force members.
Sub-machine guns
Type-49

(PPSh-41)

 North Korea PPSh-41 from soviet.jpg Locally manufactured as the Type 49
PPS-43  Soviet Union
 China
PPS-43 Soviet 7.62 mm submachine gun.jpg Both Soviet PPS submachine guns and Chinese Type 54s.
M56  Yugoslavia Brzostrelka M56.jpg
vz.61  Czechoslovakia Submachine gun vz61.jpg Used by special force units, and spies.
Sterling submachine gun  United Kingdom Sterling SMG.JPG Very limited use. Issued to elite special operations force units and spies for infiltration combat missions in South Korea.
Shotguns
KS-23  Soviet Union Карабин специальный КС-23М Дрозд, вид справа без приклада 01.jpg
Carbine
Type 98  North Korea North Korea Victory Day 097 (9465923992).jpg Resembles an AKS-74 but with a top-folding stock and has typically a helical magazine attached or in some cases a 30-round magazine. Preferred by mainly Special Operations Forces within the KPA
Assault rifles
Type 56  North Korea
 China
Type 56 mod02 noBG.png Produced locally as the Type 56.
Type 58  North Korea North korea T58 ATF.jpg Standard issue of KPA reserve forces.
Type 63  North Korea Rifle Type 63 noBG.png Used as a ceremonial rifle and in military parades.
Type 68  North Korea Izhevsk AKM.jpg Standard issue among North Korean infantry and being slowly supplanted by the Type 88 or 98.
Type 88  North Korea AKS-74.jpg Slowly supplanting the Type 68 as the future standard issue rifle of the KPA. Type 88-1 uses a side folding stock. Type 88-2 uses an overfolding stock and is modified and has a birdcage style flash hider and a shorter barrel. It is designed to use a new NK-designed helical magazine that can hold between 100 and 150 5.45 x 39 mm cartridges.[4][better source needed]
Unnamed OICW-type weapon  North Korea OICW-Type weapon based on the Type 88-2 chambered to fire the 5.45 mm round, as well as a 20 mm bullpup bolt-action over-barrel launcher with magazine containing around 5 rounds of programmable airburst grenades.[5][6]
Norinco CQ  China NORINCO Type CQ 5'56x45mm assault rifle.jpg Norinco CQ-A 20 Inch.jpg Limited use, issued to special force members.
K2  South Korea 현용 K2 소총.png Limited use, unlicensed locally made copies, issued to special force members at least since 1990s.[7]
M16A1  United States M16A1 brimob.jpg Limited use, unlicensed locally made copies, issued to special force members. Seen in use by North Korean Commandos in the Gangneung incident in 1996.[8][9]
Sniper rifles
Chogyok-Pochong  North Korea Zastava M76 Full noBG.jpg
Dragunov SVD  Soviet Union SVD Dragunov.jpg
PTRD-41  Soviet Union Ptrd 41.jpg
PSL  Socialist Republic of Romania Psl sniper rifle.jpeg
Machine guns
RPD  North Korea LMG-RPD-44 noBG.png Produced locally as the Type 62.
Type 73  North Korea DPRKtype73.png Indigenous design based on the Vz. 52 machine gun and the Kalashnikov PK machine gun design.
Unknown?  North Korea Indigenous Gatling-type gun, chambered to fire 7.62x54mmR.
Type 64  Soviet Union 7.62mm light machine gun RPK.png
Type 82 GPMG  Soviet Union PKM DD-ST-85-01257 (2).png
Nikonov machine gun  Soviet Union
RP-46  Soviet Union DM-ST-89-01130.JPEG
Heavy Weapons
Indigenous 14.5x114mm gatling gun  North Korea
DShKM  Soviet Union The Korean War 1950 - 1953 MH33275.jpg Standard issue.
KPV  Soviet Union Тихоокеанский флот отмечает 288-ю годовщину со дня образования 2.jpg
Grenade launchers
GP-25  Soviet Union DPR GP-25 grenade launcher.png
AGS-17  Soviet Union AGS-17 with baraban.jpg [10]
AGS-30  Russia AGS-30 Interpolitex-2012.jpg Seen on Chonma-Ho 216 model 2017.[11]
Non-lethal
ZM-87  China Reported to have been used to illuminate two US Army Apache helicopters in 2003.[12]

Reserve small arms[edit]

(Used by Worker-Peasant Red Guards).

  • TT pistol – Soviet-made Tokarev batches, replaced by the locally-made Type 68 pistol.
  • Type 54 pistol Chinese-made Tokarev batches, replaced by the locally-made Type 68 pistol.
  • PPSh-41 – Under the designation Type 49.[13]
  • Type 100 – Japanese sub-machine gun, captured during World War II and used in the Korean War.
  • Mosin–Nagant – Now used for ceremonial purposes only and by the Worker-Peasant Red Guards.
  • M1903 Springfield – U.S. bolt-action rifle captured during the Korean War. Used by Worker-Peasant Red Guard units. Sometimes used with a suppressor attached.
  • Murata Rifle – Captured from the Japanese in 1905. Still used today by Worker-Peasant Red Guard units.
  • Nambu Pistol – Captured from the Japanese during the Jeungmi Righteous War in 1907. Now in use with Worker-Peasant Red Guard officers.
  • PPD-40
  • SVT-40
  • SG-43 Goryunov
  • DP
  • RPG-2
  • Type 63 Rifle – Locally produced variant of the Soviet SKS carbine. Now used by ceremonial and reserve forces of the KPA.
  • Shin guntō – Japanese sword, captured during World War II and used in the Korean War.
  • Luger P08 – Unlicensed copy given to officers.
  • AK-47

Armor[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Tanks
Chonma-ho-1
Chonma-ho-2
Chonma-ho-3
Main battle tank 1,200[14] for all Chonma-ho variants  North Korea Ch'onma-ho Render.png Originated as Korean upgrade of Soviet-supplied T-62 before shifting into local production.

1 has no rangefinder, 2 has rangefinder and 3 is a dubious designation possibly for Chonma-92.[15] 9K38 Igla only seen on early models with cast turret and not on the -92,-98 or -214 despite sharing similar turret to the -215 and -216 which are seen equipped with it.[15]

Distinctive due to two bolts near the top edge of the lower glacis plate.

Chonma-ho-4
Chonma-ho-5
Later improved with T-62M derived applique armor, improved fire control systems, and improved sighting systems. Has been observed equipped with Reactive armor, uses laminate and welded turret, possible with composite armour.[16]
Chonma-215
Chonma-216
600[17]  North Korea Turret is largely similar to Chonma-214, but chassis has 6 wheels per side.

Chonma-215 features manually controlled ATGM and 9K38 Igla.[18]

Chonma-216 features remote controlled ATGM and 9K38 Igla.[18]

Songun-915[19] Unknown  North Korea Similar chassis to Pokpung-ho, however uses a dome shaped cast turret, similar in shape to T-62, but significantly larger. Fitted with 2A46 125 mm gun. Sometimes see with reactive armour and single or dual Igla.
M2020[20] Unknown  North Korea New prototype tank with strong resemblance to the T-14 Armata or M1 Abrams. Anti-tank guided missile is fitted to turret side.[21] It possibly has active protection system.[22]
Type 59 175[14][23]  China Type 59 tank - front right.jpg Modified with KPV heavy machine gun and on some vehicles, a 9K38 Igla.[18]
T-54/55 2,000[14]  Soviet Union T-55 4.jpg Can be equipped with spaced armor to defeat HEAT warheads.[24] Modified with 14.5mm KPV machine gun.[18]
T-62 970[14]  Soviet Union A T-62 tank of the Russian Ground Forces.
T-72 Unknown  Soviet Union T72 Georgia.jpg The DPRK allegedly purchased a number of T-72 and its parts from various countries after being rejected an order of T-90 tanks.[22]
Model 1981 "Shin'heung" Amphibious light tank 50+  North Korea Chassis is likely a derivative of the VTT-323.[25]
PT-76 550  Soviet Union Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0181.jpg Some PT-76 are in reserve status.
Armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles
VTT-323 (M-1973) Infantry fighting vehicle Unknown  North Korea VTT 323.jpg Based on the YW-531.
Model 2009 (Chunma-D, or Junma-Le)[26] Unknown  North Korea VTT 323.jpg Based on the PT-85 light tank hull but fitted with a turret from a M-2010 personal carrier.[26]
BMP-1 222[14]  Soviet Union Finnish BMP1 Parola 2.jpg .
M-2010 (Chunma-D) Armoured personnel carrier N/A  North Korea Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg A modified clone of the BTR-80,[27] dual 14.5mm KPV machine gun and coaxial 7.62mm machine gun. Some have single Igla.[28]
M-2010 (6 x 6 version) N/A  North Korea A shortened version of the M-2010,[29] fitted with same armament as above.[28]
8×8 APC N/A  North Korea Resembles American Stryker, carries either a gun resembling a D-30 122 mm howitzer or five Kornet-based ATGMs.[30][31][32]
BTR-60PB 1,000[14]  Soviet Union BTR-60PB front left.JPEG First ordered in 1966.
BTR-80A 35[14]  Soviet Union BTR-80A (3).jpg Imported from Russia, fitted with Shipunov 2A42.[28]
M1992 Unknown  Soviet Union PL MWP Brdm2.JPG Locally designed APC based on the BRDM-2.[33] Armed with an AGS-17 grenade launcher and a 9K113 Konkurs ATGM.

Vehicles[edit]

Name Type In service Notes
Transportation and logistics
Mercedes G-Class Utility vehicle Seen during the funeral of Kim Jong-il[34]
UAZ-3151 Utility vehicle
Iveco 90.17 WM General-purpose truck
Volvo FM Tractor truck Supplemented by Sinotruk HOWO A7
FAW MV3 General-purpose truck
Ural-4320 General-purpose truck
MAZ-7310 Missile system carrier
WS-51200 TEL Transporter erector launcher platform 10

Artillery[edit]

Name Type In Service Notes
Howitzers
M-1937 152 mm SP gun-howitzer Used by the 7th Corps and the 9th Corps of the KPA.[35]
M-1974 152 mm SP gun-howitzer
M-1975 130 mm SP gun
Juche-po 170 mm SP gun-howitzer Largest caliber self-propelled howitzer in KPA service
M-1985 152 mm gun-howitzer D-20/M1955; Type 83
M-1981 122 mm self-propelled gun Type 54 SPH
M-1991 152 mm SP howitzer
M-1992 120 mm SP combination gun
M-1992 122 mm self-propelled gun
155 mm SPH, model year Juche 107[36] 155 mm self-propelled howitzer Range over 40 kilometers.[37][38]Chassis based on T-72 tanks, with design more similar to the Raad-2 than PLZ-45.[36]
Tokchon (artillery) 100/122mm self-propelled gun/howitzer Mounted on ATS-59
180 mm gun S-23 180mm howitzer Largest caliber howitzer in KPA[39]
Mortars
Mortars Various North Korea is known to have some 10,000 mortars of different types and origin in its inventory
Rocket artillery
M-1985 122 mm multiple rocket launcher Domestically produced BM-21
M-1993 122 mm multiple rocket launcher Domestically produced RM-70[40]
M1985/M1991 240 mm rocket launcher Estimated 200+ in service between both models[41][42] Range estimates of 30–43–60–70 km (19–27–37–43 mi)[43][44]
Type 63 107 mm multiple rocket launcher 400[45]
BM-11 122 mm multiple rocket launcher
BM-24 240 mm multiple rocket launcher 500 delivered in 1955
BMD-20 200 mm multiple rocket launcher 200 delivered in mid-1950s[46]
[47]
KN-09 300 mm guided rocket launcher 10 estimated in 2016[48] [49][50]
KN-15 300 mm guided rocket launcher 250 km range[51] Improved KN-09.[52]

Anti-tank weapons[edit]

Name
Man-portable anti-tank
Type 69 RPG (Chinese rocket-propelled grenade)
RPG-7 (local production with tandem warhead)
RPG-29 (local production)[53]
RPO-A Shmel (assumed to be locally produced)
Anti-tank guided missiles
AT-3 Sagger (local production as Bulsae-1)
AT-4 Spigot (local production as Bulsae-2, upgraded version designated Bulsae-4 uses laser guidance)[54][55][56]
AT-5 Spandrel (assumed to be locally produced and used on Type 85 Susang)
AT-7 Metis
AT-9 Spiral-2 (unconfirmed)[57]
AT-14 Spriggan (local production as Bulsae-5 with 1200mm penetration)[58][30][31][59][60][61]
Bulsae-4M Laser beam riding capable of 600 to 800mm penetration.[62]
ATGM (possibly semi-active laser guided)[63]
Recoilless rifles
B-10 recoilless rifle
B-11 recoilless rifle
SPG-9 (local production)
Self-propelled anti-tank guided missiles
Type 85 Susang
M-2018 ATGM (Bulsae-4 mounted on M-2010 6×6 APC)[64][65]
Towed anti-tank cannon
152mm extended D-20 derivative[citation needed]

Anti-aircraft weapons[edit]

Name Note
Man-portable air-defense systems[66]
SA-7 MANPADS (locally produced)
SA-14 MANPADS (locally produced)
SA-16 MANPADS (locally produced)
SA-18 MANPADS (locally produced)
FIM-92A (locally produced)
HN-5A (locally produced)
Anti-aircraft artillery
ZPU-4 (locally produced) Has been seen linked to a 'Drum Tilt' radar to provide automated, radar guided fire.[67]
M1939
Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon
ZSU-23-4 Imported from Soviet Union.
ZSU-57-2 Imported from Soviet Union.
M1978 37 mm (locally produced) Fitted on same chassis as Tokchon artillery, dual 37 mm autocannon, some fitted with raised windows for driver.[68]
M1984 14.5mm (locally produced) Similar chassis to VTT-323, but features a ZPU-4 instead of turret. VTT-323 also seen with dual turret mounted 14.5mm machine gun.[68]
M1985 57 mm (locally produced) Indigenous turret fitted on chassis with six wheels on each side, −1 degree depression angle.[68]
M1992 30 mm (locally produced) Similar but taller turret to ZSU-23-4, fitted with twin 30mm, has radar on roof.[69]
HT-16PGJ on 9K35 Strela-10 chassis Replaces original Strela missiles with 4 missiles on each side.[68]

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