List of villages and towns depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust

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Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust. The liquidation actions were carried out mostly by the Nazi Einsatzgruppen and Order Police battalions as well as auxiliary police through mass killings. The German "pacification" units of the Einsatzkommando were paramilitary forces within the Schutzstaffel, under the high command of the Obergruppenführer. The Einsatzgruppen operated primarily in the years 1941–45.

The towns and villages are listed by country, as follows:

 · Belarus · Estonia · Hungary · Latvia · Lithuania · Poland · Romania · Russia · Slovenia · Ukraine



The following Jewish communities in Hungary were either partially or completely destroyed during the Holocaust.[1][2]


Jewish communities in the following Latvian cities, towns and villages were destroyed during the Holocaust:[3]


The following Jewish communities in Lithuania were destroyed during the Holocaust. Note that the list includes places in modern, post-1991 Lithuania, some of which were in German-occupied Poland during the war.[4][5][6][7]






See also[edit]


  1. ^ Braham, Randolph L., ed. (2013). The Geographical Encyclopedia of the Holocaust in Hungary. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press. ISBN 978-0810129160.
  2. ^ Lavi, Theodore, ed. (1976). פנקס הקהילות - הונגריה: אנציקלופדיה של היישובים היהודיים למן היווסדם ועד לאחר שואת מלחמת העולם השנייה [Communities Notebook - Hungary: Encyclopedia of the communities from their founding until after the Holocaust during the Second World War] (in Hebrew). Yad Vashem. pp. 125–534.
  3. ^ "Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia". Riga, Latvia: Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia. 2020. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  4. ^ Katz, Dovid, ed. (2012). "Map of the Jewish Communities of Lithuania: Links to their Holocaust Fate". Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  6. ^ "International Jewish Cemetery Project: Lithuania". International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  7. ^ Levin, Dov; Rosin, Joseph, eds. (1996). Lithuania: Encyclopedia of the Jewish Communities from their Establishment until after the Shoah of the Second World War. Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Vashem.

Further reading[edit]