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Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, Albian
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Family: Dsungaripteridae
Genus: Lonchognathosaurus
Maisch, Matzke, and Sun, 2004
L. acutirostris
Binomial name
Lonchognathosaurus acutirostris
Maisch, Matzke, and Sun, 2004

Lonchognathosaurus is a genus of dsungaripterid pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Albian-age Lower Cretaceous Lianmuqin Formation of Xinjiang, China.

The genus was named in 2004 by Michael Maisch, Andreas Matzke and Sun Ge. The type species is Lonchognathosaurus acutirostris. The genus name is derived from Greek lonchos, "lance", gnathos, "jaw" and sauros, "lizard", in reference to the fact that it is a reptile with pointed jaws. The specific name means "needle snout" in Latin.

Lonchognathosaurus is based on holotype SGP 2001/19, found near Urumqi in the southern Junggar Basin, the front portion of a skull and lower jaws that came from a large individual; the estimated length of the complete skull was about 400 mm (15.75 in). The point of the upper jaw, composed of the premaxilla bones, was slender and had a needle-like tip. The teeth of the upper jaw appeared far back of the tip, and were well-spaced, diminishing in size from front to back; they ended again in front of the nostrils. They were placed in tooth-sockets that had a low bony ridge but were not otherwise elevated from the jaw. Each maxilla only had eight teeth, and the bottom margin of the upper jaw was straight (unlike in other pterosaurs where it is strongly curved). A sagittal crest was present, with grooves and a concave leading margin.

The genus was, after a cladistic analysis, classified as a member of the Dsungaripteridae, as the sister taxon to Dsungaripterus.[1]

According to Brian Andres Lonchognathosaurus is a junior synonym of Dsungaripterus weii.[2] David Hone on the other hand, argued in 2017 that the species could not be distinguished from Noripterus.[3] However, in 2021, postcranial elements referrable to Lonchognathosaurus, confirming the validity of the genus and providing new information on the anatomy of this pterosaur, were described from the Lower Cretaceous Lianmuqin Formation (China) by Augustin et al..[4]

Averianov et al., (2022) described a distal fragment of the wing metacarpal from the Lower Cretaceous Ilek Formation in West Siberia, Russia and identified it as "nearly identical to the wing metacarpal of Lonchognathosaurus acutirostris."[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Maisch, M.W., Matzke, A.T., and Ge Sun. (2004). A new dsungaripteroid pterosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of the southern Junggar Basin, north-west China. Cretaceous Research 25:625-634.
  2. ^ Andres, B.; Clark, J. M.; Xing, X. (2010). "A new rhamphorhynchid pterosaur from the Upper Jurassic of Xinjiang, China, and the phylogenetic relationships of basal pterosaurs" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 30 (1): 163–187. doi:10.1080/02724630903409220. S2CID 53688256.
  3. ^ D.W.E. Hone, S. Jiang, and X. Xu, 2017, "A taxonomic revision of Noripterus complicidens and Asian members of the Dsungaripteridae", Geological Society SP455. New Perspectives on Pterosaur Palaeobiology doi:10.1144/SP455.8
  4. ^ Augustin FJ, Matzke AT, Maisch MW, Pfretzschner HU (2021). "New information on Lonchognathosaurus (Pterosauria: Dsungaripteridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of the southern Junggar Basin (NW China)". Cretaceous Research. 124: Article 104808. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2021.104808. S2CID 233790566.
  5. ^ Alexander O. Averianov; Stepan V. Ivantsov; Sergey V. Leshchinskiy; Pavel P.Skutschas (12 April 2022). "First pterosaur bone from the Lower Cretaceous of Siberia, Russia". Cretaceous Research. 135: 105230. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2022.105230. S2CID 248136173. Retrieved 13 April 2022.

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