Moorland francolin

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Moorland francolin
Illustration of S. psilolaema by Joseph Smit, 1893
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Scleroptila
S. psilolaema
Binomial name
Scleroptila psilolaema
(Gray, 1867)
  • Francolinus psilolaemus
  • Scleroptila psilolaemus

The moorland francolin (Scleroptila psilolaema) is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae. It is endemic to Ethiopia.


It is found in moorland in the highlands of Ethiopia.[1]


The Elgon francolin of the highlands of Kenya and Uganda was formerly considered a subspecies of S. psilolaema, but was split as a distinct species by the IUCN Red List and BirdLife International in 2014, and by the International Ornithological Congress in 2022 based on a 2019 study.[2] Compared to the moorland francolin, the Elgon francolin is brighter (more rufescent) and lacks black spots to the throat, and also differs in vocalizations.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Scleroptila psilolaema". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ abc_admin (2019-05-13). "Elgon Francolin Scleroptila elgonensis should be treated as a species distinct from Moorland Francolin S. psilolaema". African Bird Club. Retrieved 2022-01-29.
  3. ^ McGowan, P. J. K. (1994). Moorland Francolin (Francolinus elgonensis). Pp. 494 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J. eds. (1994). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelon. ISBN 84-87334-15-6
  4. ^ "IOC World Bird List 12.1". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ Retrieved 2022-01-29.