Moritz Horschetzky

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Moritz Horschetzky
Born1777 or 1788
Bydzov, Bohemia
Died(1859-11-07)7 November 1859
Nagykanizsa, Hungary
SpouseJulia Lackenbacher

Moritz Horschetzky (1777 or 1788 – 7 November 1859) was an Austrian physician, writer, and translator.

He was born to a Jewish family in Bydzov, Bohemia, in 1777 or 1788. He received a traditional early education, attended the Israelitische Hauptschule in Prague, and later acquired a doctorate in medicine in Vienna.[1]

Horschetzky married into the prominent Lackenbacher family;[2] his father-in-law Hirsch Lackenbacher was leader of the Jewish community of Nagykanizsa, Hungary,[3] where Horschetzky began practising medicine in 1811.[4] He went on to run the town's Jewish hospital and serve as director of the Jewish community school.[5] He became a member of the Royal Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1845.[1]

As a writer he devoted himself chiefly to the works of Josephus, whose Antiquities he translated and in part annotated (1826, 1843, 1851).[6] He also wrote for the journals Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums, the Orient, and Ben-Chananja [he]. He possessed remarkable humor, which appears in his fictitious Reiseberichte Nathan Ghazzati's (1848), which Julius Fürst took to be a translation from Hebrew.[7]

He died in Nagykanizsa on 7 November 1859.[6]


  • Geschichte der Juden seit dem Rückzuge aus der babylonischen Gefangenschaft, bis zur Schlacht bei Aza in welcher Judas der Maccabäer fiel. Antiquitates Judaicae.German. (in German). Prague: M. I. Landau. 1826. hdl:2027/hvd.hw5hia.
  • Dreizehntes Buch der jüdischen Antiquitäten des Flavius Josephus (in German). Nagykanizsa. 1843.
  • "Reiseberichte des Natan Ghazzati". Orient. Lit. (in German). 9: 170–172, 299–301.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; Kayserling, Meyer (1904). "Horschetzky, Moritz". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 469.

  1. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1863). "Horschetzky, Moriz". Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Österreich (in German). Vol. 9. Vienna. p. 308.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ Silber, Michael K. (2004) [1992]. "The Entrance of Jews into Hungarian Society". In Frankel, J.; Zipperstein, S. J. (eds.). Assimilation and Community: The Jews in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0-521-52601-2.
  3. ^ Tamás, Máté (2020). Thulin, M.; Krah, M.; Pick, B. (eds.). "'Moses Lackenbacher & Compagnie': Business and kinship in the early 19th-century Habsburg monarchy". PaRDeS: Journal of the Association for Jewish Studies in Germany (in German). Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam. 2020 (26): 86. doi:10.25932/publishup-48564. ISBN 978-3-86956-493-7.
  4. ^ Steinschneider, Moritz (1859). Hebræische Bibliographie. Blätter für neuere und ältere Literatur des Judenthums (in German). Vol. 2. Berlin: A. Asher & Comp. p. 110.
  5. ^ Pearce, Sarah (2019). "Josephus and the Jewish Chronicle: 1841–1855". In Schatz, A. (ed.). Josephus in Modern Jewish Culture. Leiden: Brill. p. 129. ISBN 978-90-04-39309-7.
  6. ^ a b  Singer, Isidore; Kayserling, Meyer (1904). "Horschetzky, Moritz". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 469.
  7. ^ Fürst, Julius (1863). Bibliotheca Judaica: Bibliographisches Handbuch der gesammten jüdischen Literatur (in German). Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. p. 408.