Orange River francolin

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Orange River francolin
Orange River francolin, Scleroptila levaillantoides, at Khama Rhino Sanctuary, Botswana (32117354732).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Scleroptila
S. gutturalis
Binomial name
Scleroptila gutturalis
(Rüppell, 1835)

Francolinus levaillantoides

The Orange River francolin (Scleroptila gutturalis) is a species of bird in the family Phasianidae found in grassland and woodland in Africa.[2] In the taxa from the northern part of its distribution (Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia, Uganda and Kenya), the neck-line does not reach the eye and the belly is whitish.[2] In the southern taxa (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho) the neck-line reaches the eye and the belly is buff.[2] This has led some authorities to treat them as separate species: The Archer's or acacia francolin (S. gutturalis with subspecies lorti) in the north, and the Orange River francolin (S. levaillantoides with subspecies jugularis) in the south.[2]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Scleroptila gutturalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22678790A92788267. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678790A92788267.en. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d McGowan, P. J. K. (1994). Orange River Francolin (Francolinus levaillantoides). Pp. 494-495 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J. eds. (1994). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vultures to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelon. ISBN 84-87334-15-6

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