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Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 120 Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Avialae
Clade: Enantiornithes
Genus: Qiliania
Ji et al., 2011
Q. graffini
Binomial name
Qiliania graffini
Ji et al., 2011

Qiliania (from the Xiongnu qilian, "heaven") is an extinct genus of early bird from the lower Cretaceous (Aptian stage) about 120 million years ago.[1] It is an enantiornithean which lived in what is now Gansu Province, north-western China. It is known from two incomplete, semi-articulated and three-dimensionally preserved skeletons, which were found in the Xiagou Formation of the Changma Basin. It was first named by Shu-An Ji, Jessie Atterholt, Jingmai O'Connor, Matthew Lamanna, Jerry Harrs, Li Da-Qing, You Hai-Lu and Peter Dodson in 2011 and the type species is Qiliania graffini.[1] The species was named for Greg Graffin, a paleontologist and member of the punk rock group Bad Religion, at the suggestion of coauthor Jingmai O'Connor, a longtime fan of the band.[2]


  1. ^ a b Ji, Shu-An; Atterholt, Jessie; O'Connor, Jingmai; Lamanna, Matthew; Harris, Jerry; Li, Da-Qing; You, Hai-Lu; Dodson, Peter (2011). "A new, three-dimensionally preserved enantiornithine bird (Aves: Ornithothoraces) from Gansu Province, north-western China". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 162 (1): 201–219. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00671.x.
  2. ^ O'Connor, J.K. (6 January 2011). "Bad Religion, Good Paleontology". Dave Hone's Archosaur Musings weblog. Retrieved 7 June 2011.