Ridwan Kamil

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Ridwan Kamil
Governor of West Java Ridwan Kamil.png
Official portrait, 2018
15th Governor of West Java
Assumed office
5 September 2018
DeputyUu Ruzhanul Ulum
Preceded byAhmad Heryawan
Mochamad Iriawan (acting)
15th Mayor of Bandung
In office
16 September 2013 – 5 September 2018
DeputyOded Muhammad Danial
Preceded byDada Rosada
Succeeded byOded Muhammad Danial
Personal details
Mochamad Ridwan Kamil

(1971-10-04) 4 October 1971 (age 51)
Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
Political partyGolkar Party
Atalia Praratya
(m. 1996)
Children3 (1 adopted)
Parent(s)Atje Misbach Muhjiddin
Tjutju Sukaesih
Alma materBandung Institute of Technology
University of California, Berkeley

Mochamad Ridwan Kamil (born 4 October 1971) is an Indonesian architect and politician who is the 15th Governor of West Java, the most populous province of Indonesia. He was also the mayor of Bandung from 2013 to 2018. As an architect, he designed iconic structures in Indonesia and other countries in Asia with his Urbane architectural firm and lectured at the Department of Architecture, Bandung Institute of Technology.


Kamil spent almost his entire life in Bandung where he went to public schools and studied architecture at Indonesia's leading state engineering school, the Bandung Institute of Technology. After obtaining his college degree, he went to the United States to apprentice at architectural firms before winning a scholarship in 1999 to study at the College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley in the United States. He graduated in 2001 with a Master of Urban Design degree and work experience at a Berkeley government department.[1][2] He obtained Doctor (honoris causa) in Public Administration degree from Dong-a University in 2019 for his role in developing dynamic governance system for West Java Province.[3][4]

Professional career[edit]

After working as an architect in Hong Kong, in June 2004 Kamil and his partners founded Urbane,[5] an architecture firm based in Bandung, West Java. He introduced modern designs into his work that ranges from commercial buildings and university towers to museums and mosques. He is also known for creating open public spaces in crowded residential areas in Bandung as his pro bono work.


In 2006, Kamil was the winner of the British Council's Young Creative Entrepreneur Award, representing Indonesia in the International Young Design Entrepreneur of the Year award.[6]

Urbane Indonesia was listed in the BCI Asia Top 10 Awards from 2008 to 2010 and again in 2012.[7]


Kamil was the pioneer of the 'Indonesia Berkebun' (Gardening Indonesia) movement to build amateur gardens in the cities of Indonesia.[8] As of 2011 the community project is established in fourteen cities in Indonesia, with membership approaching 4000.[9][10][11]

Kamil-designed Aceh Tsunami Museum

Kamil and Urbane Indonesia projects in Indonesia include

International projects include

Political career[edit]

Mayor of Bandung[edit]

Official portrait as Mayor of Bandung

Kamil stepped into politics ahead of the 2013 Bandung mayoral election as a surprise candidate endorsed by the Islamist Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) and the nationalist Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra), two rising parties from different ends of Indonesia's political spectrum that united to reform the city and prevent the position to go into the hands of the big parties at that time. Under the big parties, Bandung had been racked by corruption scandals. A few weeks after the June 2013 vote, 2003-13 Bandung mayor Dada Rosada became a corruption suspect himself and later received a 10-year jail sentence. PKS and Gerindra experimented by offering a clean, telegenic candidate without political affiliation but with known professional achievements through his iconic designs. Kamil, who until now is unaffiliated to any party, decisively defeated seven opponents in the race with 45% of votes, which almost tripled what his closest rival got, before becoming mayor of one of the most populous cities in Indonesia at the age of 42.[17][18]

Governor of West Java[edit]

Being a popular mayor with a nationwide appeal, several big parties courted Kamil to run in the 2018 West Java gubernatorial election on their tickets but as a running mate to bolster the actual candidate for governor, who would be an affiliated politician. PKS and Gerindra, who had become stronger parties by 2018, also decided to pair their own members in a ticket. Similar to the 2013 experience, Kamil received endorsements from smaller parties, including the Islamist United Development Party that provided him a running mate, Tasikmalaya Regent Uu Ruzhanul Ulum. Kamil agreed to this arrangement, realizing he was popular among media-savvy urban voters, especially around Bandung, but weak among those who live in rural areas like Tasikmalaya. Kamil again won decisively with 33%, four percentage above his closest rival from Gerindra. [19]

Kamil's victories in 2013 and 2018 proved that an unaffiliated candidate could win in Indonesian elections if the person has popular appeal, cultivated through strong media campaigns, and good communications with parties of all stripes. Despite his Western education and pluralist attitudes, Kamil understands how to build rapport with Islamists in Indonesia, the country with the world's largest Muslim population, in particular in West Java that is known for its Islamic conservatism. On January 2023, he was officially joined to Party of Functional Groups.[original research?]

2024 presidential bid[edit]

On 18 January 2022, Kamil announced his intention to run as presidential candidate. Since he is an independent politician and realizing it is currently impossible for independent politician run for presidential campaign in Indonesia, he hoped that there will be any political party will take him as the presidential candidate.[20]

In late December 2022, Reports emerged that Kamil is close to joining a political party with speculations that the move is part of his continued efforts to enter the presidential race.[21] The two parties said to be closest to recruiting him are members of the United Indonesia Coalition (KIB), The National Mandate Party (PAN), and The Party of Functional Groups (Golkar).[22]

Bid for head of new Indonesian capital[edit]

On 20 January 2022, Joko Widodo expressed his intention to set an architect and had experience in regional managing and governing as future CEO[23] of the National Capital Authority of Nusantara, the future capital of Indonesia.[24] Until 2022, only a few technocrats which hailed from architecture background which have name and reputation in Indonesian politics, Kamil himself, Tri Rismaharini, the current Minister of Social Affairs, and Danny Pomanto, former architecture lecturer of Hasanuddin University and current mayor of Makassar.[25] Although initially reluctant to campaign for the position,[26] on 24 January 2022, Kamil launched an electronic campaign to harness aspiration for the future capital project on Twitter.[27]

Personal life[edit]

Kamil had two biological children, Emmeril Kahn Mumtadz (1999–2022) and Camillia Laetitia Azzahra (b. 2004), and one adopted child, Arkana Aidan Misbach (b. 2020). Emmeril died in Bern, Switzerland on 26 May 2022 at the age of 22,[28][29] while he was swimming in the Aare river.[30] On 9 June, his body was found at the Engehalde dam in Bern.[31][32] His death was the subject of much attention in Indonesia: his funeral in Bandung was attended by thousands and broadcast live on state TV.[33]

In popular culture[edit]

Ridwan Kamil made some cameo appearances in several TV and movie productions, particularly the ones that are set in Bandung. Kamil also runs very active social media accounts that document his personal, professional, and political activities with millions of followers.



Year Title Role
2014 Hijabers in Love [id] Bandros driver
2015 The Wedding & Bebek Betutu[34] Himself
2017 Total Chaos [id][35] Rossa's father
2018 Dilan 1990 Teacher
Friends but Married Lecturer
Serendipity [id] Restauant owner
2019 Dilan 1991[36] School headmaster
Yowis Ben 2 [id] Museum visitor
2020 Mangga Muda [id] Manager of Gemah Ripah Taxi
Riki Rhino [id] Grada
2022 Gara-Gara Warisan [id] Guest house visitor
Ranah 3 Warna Ambassador of Indonesia to Canada


Year Title Role
2015 Preman Pensiun [id][37] Himself (2 episodes)
2022 Ikatan Cinta Aldebaran's business partner (1 episode)


  1. ^ Sheehan, Susan (13 June 2017). "Ridwan Kamil Turns an Unconventional Home in Indonesia Into an Ingenious Recycling System". Architectural Digest. No. September 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Ridwan Kamil". 19 June 2020.
  3. ^ Febrinastri, Fabiola (5 November 2019). "Ridwan Kamil Raih Gelar H.C dari Dong-A University, Korea Selatan". suara.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  4. ^ Bagus, Peter (5 November 2019). "Ridwan Kamil Dapat Gelar Doctor HC dari Dong-A University Korsel - Bogor-Kita.com" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Profile + People | PT. URBANE INDONESIA".
  6. ^ "Ridwan Kamil | People | Creative and Cultural Economy | British Council". Creativeconomy.britishcouncil.org. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Construction: Information, Sales Leads, Projects, Market Data | Welcome to BCI Asia". Bciasia.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Whiteboard Journal • Indonesia | Jakarta Berkebun". Whiteboardjournal.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Urban Farming with Indonesia Berkebun | The Beat Magazine". Beatmag.com. 2 October 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  10. ^ "Internet Wujudkan Mimpi Indonesia Berkebun - KOMPAS tekno". Tekno.kompas.com. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  11. ^ pt. kompas cyber media (13 May 2012). "Wisata Sambil Berkebun - KOMPAS.com". Travel.kompas.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Al-Irsyad Mosque / Urbane". ArchDaily. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  13. ^ "M. Ridwan Kamil: Creativity at heart of success". The Jakarta Post. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  14. ^ SONY - Powered By Narrada Communications - www.narrada.com - 2011. "Sony Vaio - You Against The Machine! Endorser". Myvaio.sony.co.id. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  15. ^ Soeriaatmadja, Wahyudi (25 June 2018). "Hottest contest being fought in Indonesia's most populous province". The Straits Times. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  16. ^ "detikNews : Ridwan Kamil, Ajak Masyarakat Kota Berkebun". News.detik.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  17. ^ "Ridwan Kamil Wali Kota Terpilih Bandung". 28 June 2013.
  18. ^ "Korupsi, Mantan Walikota Bandung Divonis 10 Tahun Penjara".
  19. ^ "Menang di Pilgub Jabar, Ridwan Kamil-Uu Kuasai 14 Daerah".
  20. ^ Suadnyana, Sui (18 January 2022). "Ridwan Kamil Nyatakan Siap Lahir Batin Maju Pilpres 2024". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ Taher, Andrian Pratama. "Motif di Balik Perebutan Ridwan Kamil oleh Golkar dan PAN". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  22. ^ detikcom, Tim. "Ridwan Kamil di Antara Rayuan Golkar dan PAN". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  23. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (17 January 2022). "Profil 4 Calon Pemimpin Ibu Kota Negara Baru "Nusantara" yang Disebut Jokowi Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 January 2022. The post called Chief Executive Officer by Jokowi himself.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  24. ^ Riana, Friski (22 January 2022). "Jokowi Ingin Kepala Otorita IKN Arsitek dan Pernah Pimpin Daerah, Siapa yang Memenuhi?". Tempo.co (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ Hutabarat, Delvira (21 January 2022). "Ridwan Kamil sampai Risma, Ini Kepala Daerah yang Berlatar Belakang Arsitek". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  26. ^ Putra, Wisma (20 January 2022). "Ridwan Kamil Ogah Kepedean soal Pemimpin Nusantara". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  27. ^ detikcom, Tim. "Ridwan Kamil Jaring Aspirasi soal IKN, Siap Pimpin Nusantara?". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  28. ^ Roscoe, Matthew (3 June 2022). "Shock as Indonesian national Eril Kahn Mumtadz drowns in Swiss river". Euro Weekly News. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  29. ^ Fahmi, Rifki Abdul. "Keluarga Ridwan Kamil Nyatakan Emmeril Kahn Mumtadz Wafat Tenggelam di Sungai Aare Swiss - PRFM News". prfmnews.pikiran-rakyat.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  30. ^ "Indonesian governor's son missing after swim in Swiss river". AP NEWS. 27 May 2022. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  31. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (9 June 2022). "Jenazah Eril Akhirnya Ditemukan pada 8 Juni di Bendungan Engehalde Swiss". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  32. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (9 June 2022). "Polisi Swiss Identifikasi Jasad Eril Melalui Tes DNA". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  33. ^ Fröhlich, Cedric (15 June 2022). "Politiker-Sohn aus Indonesien – Die Geschichte von Eril, der in der Aare ertrank". Der Bund (in German). Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  34. ^ "Ridwan Kamil Nongol di Film The Wedding & Bebek Betutu". Tempo (in Indonesian). 8 October 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  35. ^ Astarina, Sintia (27 April 2017). "Ridwan Kamil Beradu Akting dengan Nikita Willy di "Total Chaos"". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  36. ^ "Pengalaman Ridwan Kamil Terlibat Main Film Dilan 1991". Tempo (in Indonesian). 11 February 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  37. ^ "Nampang di Sinetron 'Preman Pensiun', Ridwan Kamil Promosikan Kota Bandung". Detik (in Indonesian). 21 February 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2018.

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