Sillem's rosefinch (Carpodacus sillemi), also known as Sillem's mountain finch or tawny-headed mountain finch is a species of rosefinch in the finch family. It is found only in China and was only known from two specimens collected in 1929 from the Aksai Chin area of southern Xinjiang Autonomous Region. In 2012, the bird was photographed 1500 km from the original collection location. This species was originally placed in the genus Leucosticte but a phylogenetic study using mitochondrial DNA sequences published in 2016 found that Sillem's rosefinch was a sister species to the Tibetan rosefinch (Carpodacus roborowskii). The International Ornithological Committee therefore moved Sillem's mountain finch to the genus Carpodacus.
The species is named after Jérôme Alexander Sillem (1902-1986), a Dutch bird collector who was a member of the expedition that collected the specimens in 1929.
- ^ BirdLife International (2020). "Carpodacus sillemi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T22720493A180526548. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22720493A180526548.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
- ^ Roselaar, CS (1992). "A new species of mountain finch Leucosticte from western Tibet". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 112 (4): 225–231.
- ^ "Leucosticte sillemi - Avibase". Retrieved 30 October 2012.,
- ^ Pitches, A. (22 October 2012). Tibetan mountain finch rediscovered after 80 years. BBC News.
- ^ Sangster, G.; Roselaar, C.S.; Irestedt, M.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2016). "Sillem's Mountain Finch Leucosticte sillemi is a valid species of rosefinch (Carpodacus, Fringillidae)". Ibis. 158 (1): 184–189. doi:10.1111/ibi.12323.
- ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.4. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2003). Whose bird? : Men and woman commemorated in the common names of birds. London: Helm. ISBN 0713666471.
- Species factsheet: Leucosticte sillemi. BirdLife International (2007)