Sirhan Sirhan

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Sirhan Sirhan
سرحان سرحان
Mug shot of Sirhan in 2021
Sirhan Bishara Sirhan

(1944-03-19) March 19, 1944 (age 79)
NationalityPalestinian & Jordanian
Known forAssassination of Robert F. Kennedy
Criminal statusIncarcerated at Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego County, California
Conviction(s)First-degree murder, assault with a deadly weapon with intent to commit murder (5 counts)[1]
Criminal penaltyDeath in 1969; commuted in 1972 to life imprisonment with the possibility of parole
DateJune 5, 1968
Location(s)Los Angeles, California, US
Killed1 (Robert Francis Kennedy)

Sirhan Bishara Sirhan (/sɪərˈhɑːn/;[2] Arabic: سرحان بشارة سرحان, romanizedSirḥān Bišāra Sirḥān, born March 19, 1944) is a Palestinian-Jordanian man who was convicted of the June 5, 1968 assassination of presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy. Sirhan shot Kennedy, a United States Senator and brother of President John F. Kennedy, at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles; Kennedy died the next day at Good Samaritan Hospital.

Sirhan was born to an Arab Christian family in Jerusalem, where he attended a Lutheran school.[3][4] In 1989, he told David Frost: "My only connection with Robert Kennedy was his sole support of Israel and his deliberate attempt to send those 50 fighter jets to Israel to obviously do harm to the Palestinians."[5] Some scholars believe that the assassination was the first major incident of political violence in the U.S. stemming from the Palestinian–Israeli conflict in the Middle East.[6]

Sirhan was convicted of murder and is serving a life sentence at the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego County, California. On August 27, 2021, after years of being denied parole, he was granted parole by a two-person panel of the California parole board.[7][8] Prosecutors declined to participate or to oppose his release under a policy by Los Angeles County District Attorney George Gascón.[9] On January 13, 2022, Governor Gavin Newsom blocked Sirhan's release on parole.[10] He was denied parole again on March 1, 2023.[11]

Early life[edit]

Sirhan Sirhan was born into an Arab Palestinian Christian family[12][13] in Mandatory Palestine, in Jerusalem's Musrara neighborhood, and became a Jordanian citizen after Jordan annexed the West Bank.[14] According to his mother, Sirhan was traumatized as a child by the violence he witnessed in the Arab–Israeli conflict, including the death of his older brother, who was run over by a military vehicle that was swerving to evade gunfire.[15]

When Sirhan was 12 years old, his family emigrated to the U.S., moving briefly to New York and then to California. He attended Eliot Junior High School, John Muir High School, and Pasadena City College. Shortly after the family's move to California, Bishara returned alone to the Middle East.[16] Standing 5 feet 5 inches (165 cm) and weighing 120 pounds (54 kg) at age 20, Sirhan moved to Corona to train to be a jockey while working at a stable, but lost his job and abandoned the pursuit after suffering a head injury in a racing accident.[17]

Sirhan never became a U.S. citizen, instead retaining his Jordanian citizenship.[13]

As an adult, Sirhan changed church denominations several times, joining Baptist and Seventh-day Adventist churches.[18] In 1966, he joined the esoteric organization Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross, one of the Rosicrucian Orders.[19]

Robert F. Kennedy assassination[edit]

Around 12:15 a.m. PDT on June 5, 1968, Sirhan fired a .22 LR Iver-Johnson Cadet revolver[20] at United States Senator Robert F. Kennedy and the crowd surrounding him in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, shortly after Kennedy had finished addressing supporters in the hotel's main ballroom. Authors George Plimpton, Jimmy Breslin, Pete Hamill, former professional football player Rosey Grier,[21] and 1960 Olympic gold medalist Rafer Johnson were among several men who subdued and disarmed Sirhan after a struggle.[22]

Kennedy was shot three times—once in the head and twice in the back—with a fourth bullet passing through his jacket. He died almost 26 hours later at Good Samaritan Hospital. Five other people at the event were also shot, all of whom recovered: Paul Schrade, an official with the United Automobile Workers union; William Weisel, an ABC TV unit manager; Ira Goldstein, a reporter with the Continental News Service;[23] Elizabeth Evans, a friend of Pierre Salinger, one of Kennedy's campaign aides; and Irwin Stroll, a teenage Kennedy volunteer.[24][25]

In a 2018 interview with The Washington Post, Robert F. Kennedy Jr. said that he had traveled to California to meet with Sirhan in prison and that, after a relatively long conversation (the details of which he would not disclose), believed that Sirhan did not kill his father and that a second gunman was involved.[26]


Even though Sirhan admitted his guilt in a recorded confession while in police custody on June 9, a lengthy, publicized trial followed in The People of the State of California v. Sirhan Sirhan. The judge did not accept Sirhan's confession and denied his request to withdraw his plea of "not guilty" to plead "guilty".[27]

On February 10, 1969, Sirhan's lawyers made a motion in chambers to enter a plea of guilty to first-degree murder in exchange for life imprisonment rather than the death penalty. Sirhan told Judge Herbert V. Walker that he wanted to withdraw his original plea of not guilty to plead guilty as charged on all counts. He also asked that his counsel "dissociate themselves from this case completely." The judge asked him what he wanted to do about sentencing, and Sirhan replied, "I will ask to be executed."[27] Walker denied the motion and said, "This court will not accept the plea." He also denied Sirhan's request for his counsel to withdraw; his counsel entered another motion to withdraw from the case of their own volition, but Walker denied that as well. Walker subsequently ordered that the record be sealed about the motion.[27]

The trial proceeded, and opening statements began on February 12. The lead prosecutor in the case was Lynn "Buck" Compton, a World War II veteran of Easy Company fame who later became a justice of the California Court of Appeal.[28] David Fitts delivered the prosecution's opening statement, providing examples of Sirhan's preparations to kill Kennedy. The prosecution showed that Sirhan was seen at the Ambassador Hotel on June 3, two nights before the attack, to learn the building's layout and that he visited a gun range on June 4. Alvin Clark, Sirhan's garbage collector, testified that Sirhan had told him a month before the attack of his intention to shoot Kennedy.[29] : par. 16 

Sirhan's defense counsel included attorney Grant Cooper, who had hoped to demonstrate that the killing had been the impulsive act of a man with a mental deficiency. But Walker admitted into evidence pages from three of Sirhan's journal notebooks that suggested the crime was premeditated and "quite calculating and willful". On March 3, Cooper asked Sirhan in direct testimony whether he had shot Kennedy; Sirhan replied, "Yes, sir", but then said that he did not bear Kennedy any ill will.[29] Sirhan also testified that he had killed Kennedy "with twenty years of malice aforethought". He explained in an interview with David Frost in 1989 that this referred to the time since the creation of the State of Israel. He has maintained since then that he has no memory of the crime or of making that statement in court.[30]

The defense based its case primarily on the expert testimony of Bernard L. Diamond, a professor of law and psychiatry, who testified that Sirhan was suffering from diminished capacity at the time of the murder.[31]

Mugshot of Sirhan taken following his conviction.

Sirhan was convicted on April 17, 1969, and was sentenced six days later to death in the gas chamber. Three years later, his sentence was commuted to life in prison, owing to the California Supreme Court's decision in People v. Anderson, which ruled that capital punishment is a violation of the California Constitution's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. The February 1972 decision was retroactive, invalidating all existing death sentences in California.[29]


Sirhan's lawyer Lawrence Teeter later argued that Grant Cooper was compromised by a conflict of interest and was, as a consequence, grossly negligent in defense of his client.[32] The defense moved for a new trial amid claims of setups, police bungles, hypnotism, brainwashing, blackmail and government conspiracies.[33][34] On June 5, 2003, coincidentally the 35th anniversary of Kennedy's assassination, Teeter petitioned a federal court in Los Angeles to move the case to Fresno.[33][34] He argued that Sirhan could not get a fair hearing in Los Angeles, where a man who helped prosecute him was then a federal judge: U.S. District Judge William Matthew Byrne Jr. in Los Angeles was an assistant U.S. attorney during Sirhan's trial, and part of the prosecutorial team.[35]

Since 1994, Teeter had been trying to have state and federal courts overturn Sirhan's conviction, arguing his client was hypnotized and framed, possibly by a government conspiracy.[33][34] During one hearing, Teeter referred to testimony from the original trial transcripts regarding a prosecution eyewitness to the attack, author George Plimpton, in which he said that Sirhan looked "enormously composed. He seemed ... purged." This statement coincided with the defense's argument that Sirhan had shot Kennedy while in some kind of hypnotic trance.[29] The motion was denied. Teeter died in 2005, and Sirhan declined other counsel to replace him.[36]

On November 26, 2011, Sirhan's defense teams filed court papers for a new trial, saying that "expert analysis of recently-uncovered evidence shows two guns were fired in the assassination and that Sirhan's revolver was not the gun that shot Kennedy"[12][37][38] and he "should be freed from prison or granted a new trial based on 'formidable evidence', asserting his innocence and 'horrendous violations' of his rights".[12]

On January 5, 2015, Sirhan's motion was denied by U.S. District Judge Beverly Reid O'Connell in Los Angeles, who said that Sirhan "failed to meet the showing required for actual innocence" that might excuse his having failed to seek his freedom sooner in federal court. In other words, Sirhan's case was not strong enough. "Though petitioner advances several theories regarding the events of June 5, 1968, petitioner does not dispute that he fired eight rounds of gunfire in the kitchen pantry of the Ambassador Hotel", O'Connell wrote. "Petitioner does not show that it is more likely than not that no juror, acting reasonably, would have found him guilty beyond a reasonable doubt."


Sirhan's diary

A motive cited for Sirhan's actions is the Middle East conflict.[39] After his arrest, Sirhan said, "I can explain it. I did it for my country."[39] Sirhan believed that he was deliberately betrayed by Kennedy's support for Israel in the June 1967 Six-Day War,[40] which had begun one year to the day before the assassination. During a search of Sirhan's apartment after his arrest, a spiral-bound notebook was found containing a diary entry that demonstrated that his anger had gradually fixated on Kennedy, who had promised to send 50 fighter jets to Israel if elected president. Sirhan's journal entry of May 18, 1968, read: "My determination to eliminate R.F.K. is becoming the more and more [sic] of an unshakable obsession...Kennedy must die before June 5th."[39] They found other notebooks and diary entries expressing his growing rage at Kennedy; his journals also contained many aphorisms that were thought to be his version of "free writing". He wrote in support of communism: "Long live Communism... I firmly support the communist cause and its people... American capitalism will fall and give way to the worker's dictatorship."[41]

The next day, on June 6, the Los Angeles Times printed an article by Jerry Cohen that discussed Sirhan's motive for the assassination, confirmed by the memos Sirhan wrote to himself. The article stated: "When the Jordanian nationalist, Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, allegedly shot Kennedy, ostensibly because of the senator's advocacy of U.S. support for Israel, the crime with which he was charged was in essence another manifestation of the centuries-old hatred between Arab and Jew."[42]

M.T. Mehdi, then secretary-general of the Action Committee on American-Arab Relations, believed that Sirhan had acted in justifiable self-defense, stating: "Sirhan was defending himself against those 50 Phantom jets Kennedy was sending to Israel." Mehdi wrote a 100-page book on the subject called Kennedy and Sirhan: Why?[43]

Later in prison, Sirhan claimed that he had been drunk. An interview with Sirhan in 1980 revealed new claims that a combination of liquor and anger over the anniversary of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war had triggered his actions. "You must remember the circumstances of that night, June 5. That was when I was provoked," Sirhan says, recorded in a transcript of one of his interviews with Mehdi, later president of the New York-based American-Arab Relations Committee. "That is when I initially went to observe the Jewish Zionist parade in celebration of the June 5, 1967, victory over the Arabs. That was the catalyst that triggered me on that night." Then Sirhan said, "In addition, there was the consumption of the liquor, and I want the public to understand that."[36]


In 1971, Sirhan was housed in the Adjustment Center at San Quentin State Prison.[44] He was subsequently transferred to the Correctional Training Facility (CTF) in Soledad, California, where he was confined until 1992.[45][46] From 1992 to 2009, he was confined at the California State Prison (COR) in Corcoran, California, and lived in COR's Protective Housing Unit until he was moved to a harsher lockdown at COR in 2003.[45] In October 2009, ostensibly for his safety, he was transferred to the Pleasant Valley State Prison in Coalinga, California, where he was housed in a cell by himself.[47] He was subsequently moved back to Corcoran.

On November 22, 2013, Sirhan was transferred from Corcoran to the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego County. The transfer occurred on the 50th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, but a spokesman for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation said that the transfer was "a routine matter of housing allotments" and its timing was "simply an unfortunate coincidence".[48]

On August 30, 2019, Sirhan was stabbed multiple times by another prisoner.[49][50] He was taken to a hospital, where his condition was reported as stable.[51] He returned to the prison two days later, after his discharge from the hospital.[52]

In a 1980 interview with M. T. Mehdi, Sirhan claimed that his actions were fueled by liquor and anger. He then complained that the parole board was not taking these "mitigating" circumstances into account when they continually denied his parole.[36]


In 1974, Bill Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn dedicated their communist manifesto Prairie Fire: The Politics of Revolutionary Anti-Imperialism to Sirhan (along with 200 others), hailing him as a courageous political prisoner.[53] In February 1973, Sirhan's release was one of the demands of the Black September Organization, which took American hostages at the Saudi Arabian Embassy in Khartoum.[54]

Parole applications and hearings[edit]

In 1982, Sirhan told the parole board: "I sincerely believe that if Robert Kennedy were alive today, I believe he would not countenance singling me out for this kind of treatment. I think he would be among the first to say that, however horrible the deed I committed 14 years ago was, that it should not be the cause for denying me equal treatment under the laws of this country."[55][56]

Sirhan was denied parole for the 14th time in 2011.[57] He was denied parole again in 2016, at his 15th parole hearing. One of Sirhan's shooting victims from that night, Paul Schrade, aged 91 at the time of the hearing, testified in his support, stating his belief that a second shooter killed Kennedy and that Sirhan was intended to be a distraction from the real gunman by an unknown conspiracy.[58][59][60] Sirhan repeated his claim to have no memory of the shooting, saying: "It's all vague now. I'm sure you all have it in your records. I can't deny it or confirm it. I just wish this whole thing had never taken place." His parole was denied because he had not expressed adequate remorse for his crime or acknowledged its severity.[58]

On August 27, 2021, in his 16th appearance before the parole board, the board's two-person panel voted to grant Sirhan parole after finding that he no longer posed a threat to society.[8] He had served 53 years in prison. Two of Kennedy's surviving sons, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and Douglas Kennedy, offered their support for parole during Sirhan's appearance before the parole board.[61] Parole Board Commissioner Robert Barton even stated to Sirhan “We think that you have grown.”[8] The decision was subject to a 90-day review by the California Board of Parole Hearings after which the governor of California had 30 days to grant, reverse, or modify the decision.[62][63]

Six other surviving children of Robert F. Kennedy—Joseph P. Kennedy II, Courtney Kennedy, Kerry Kennedy, Christopher G. Kennedy, Maxwell T. Kennedy, and Rory Kennedy—opposed parole for Sirhan, and urged the full parole board or Governor Gavin Newsom to reverse the recommendation.[64] They filed a statement with the parole board on August 27, 2021, opposing Sirhan's release.[65] Rory Kennedy wrote a guest essay in the New York Times saying that Sirhan did not deserve parole, citing his lack of remorse and unwillingness to accept responsibility.[66]

Neither Los Angeles County District Attorney George Gascón nor any staff of his office appeared at the parole hearing or took any position on parole for Sirhan. This was a break from the previous practice of the prosecution, which had opposed parole in all of Sirhan's previous hearings. Upon taking office, Gascón had issued a directive that his office's "default policy" was not to attend parole hearings or take a position on parole.[65][67][68] It was later acknowledged that Sirhan's parole was also aided by a recent California law that required the parole board to consider things like age, health, and childhood trauma as mitigating factors – things it hadn't considered before.[7]

On January 13, 2022, California Governor Gavin Newsom denied Sirhan's latest bid for parole.[10] He wrote an op-ed in the Los Angeles Times stating that even though the state parole board had recommended Sirhan for parole, the severity of the crime and Sirhan's "current refusal to accept responsibility for it" led Newsom to deny the request.[69]

At Sirhan's 17th parole board appearance, on March 1, 2023, he was again denied parole. He will next be eligible for a parole hearing in 2026.[70] Sirhan has waived his right to contest deportation if he is paroled.[71]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Newsom, Gavin (January 13, 2022), "SIRHAN SIRHAN, B-21014" (PDF), Indeterminate sentence parole decision review (Penal Code Section 3041.2), Government of California.
  2. ^ Interview with Sirhan Sirhan. Sidrah Zaheer (from Event occurs at 1:13. Archived from the original on August 26, 2013 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ Gorney, Cynthia (August 20, 1979). "Sirhan". Washington Post.
  4. ^ Shreiman, Jack (June 17, 1968). "Who is Sirhan Sirhan?". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. p. 5A – via Google News Archive Search.
  5. ^ "Sirhan Felt Betrayed by Kennedy". The New York Times. Associated Press. February 20, 1989. Retrieved October 20, 2013.
  6. ^ "RFK's death now viewed as first case of Mideast violence exported to U.S." San Diego Union-Tribune (Boston Globe). June 8, 2008.
  7. ^ a b "RFK's children speak out on Sirhan Sirhan". CBS Sunday Morning. December 12, 2021. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Watson, Julie; Melley, Brian (August 27, 2021). "Board says RFK assassin Sirhan changed man; grants parole". Associated Press. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  9. ^ "RFK assassin Sirhan wins parole with support of 2 Kennedys". Politico. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Gov. Gavin Newsom rejects parole for Sirhan Sirhan, convicted assassin of Robert F. Kennedy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  11. ^ "RFK killer Sirhan Sirhan denied parole by California board". The Associated Press. March 1, 2023.
  12. ^ a b c "Convicted RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan seeks prison release". CNN. November 26, 2011.
  13. ^ a b Martinez, Michael (March 1, 2011). "Sirhan Sirhan, convicted RFK assassin, to face parole board". CNN. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
  14. ^ Slyomovics, Nettanel (May 30, 2018). "Why Sirhan Sirhan, a Jerusalem-born Palestinian, Shot Bobby Kennedy". Haaretz (English ed.). Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  15. ^ Gorney, Cynthia (August 20, 1979). "Sirhan". Washington Post. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  16. ^ Sirhan Sirhan profile Archived December 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine at
  17. ^ Ayton, Mel (2007). The Forgotten Terrorist: Sirhan Sirhan and the Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy. Potomac Books, Inc. ISBN 9781597974592. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  18. ^ "Sirhan Sirhan: Biography". November 6, 2019.
  19. ^ Mel Ayton. "The Robert Kennedy Assassination: Unraveling the Conspiracy Theories". Crime Magazine. Archived from the original on January 3, 2010.
  20. ^ Moldea, Dan E. (May 13, 1990). "RFK's Murder a Second Gun?". Washington Post.
  21. ^ "Triumph and Disaster". Daily News. New York. June 6, 1968. p. 57. Retrieved April 17, 2021 – via Pro football player Roosevelt Grier (l) helps restrain Sirhan (c).
  22. ^ "Man Who Helped Apprehend Sirhan Sirhan Dead at 86". December 2, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  23. ^ Andrea Hescheles (January 5, 2011). "Political activism grows" Archived November 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. DailyNews, Los Angeles.
  24. ^ "Irwin N. Stroll; Wounded in RFK Slaying, He Became Famed Designer", Los Angeles Times (February 20, 1995), Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  25. ^ White, Thom (June 5, 2005). "RFK Assassination Far From Resolved". Citizine. Archived from the original on January 15, 2006.
  26. ^ Jackman, Tom (June 5, 2018). "Who killed Bobby Kennedy? His son RFK Jr. doesn't believe it was Sirhan Sirhan". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 5, 2018. ... Kennedy had joined those who believe there was a second gunman, and that it was not Sirhan who killed his father.
  27. ^ a b c The People v. Sirhan (1972), FindLaw Cr. 14026, 4. Other Claims of Error with Respect to Admission of Evidence (Supreme Court of California June 16, 1972). 7 Cal. 3d 710
  28. ^ Noe, Denise. "Sirhan Sirhan: Assassin of Modern U.S. History". Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
  29. ^ a b c d The People v. Sirhan (1972), FindLaw Cr. 14026 (Supreme Court of California June 16, 1972). 7 Cal. 3d 710
  30. ^ Skoloff, Brian. "Sirhan Sirhan denied parole for 12th time". Retrieved January 16, 2009.
  31. ^ "Bernard Diamond; Expert on Psychiatry and the Law". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  32. ^ "Teeter Statement of June 5, 1998". Retrieved January 16, 2009.
  33. ^ a b c Jablon, Robert (June 6, 2003). "Attorney says Sirhan didn't kill Robert Kennedy". Daily Breeze. Los Angeles. Associated Press. Retrieved September 10, 2009.[dead link]
  34. ^ a b c Lota, Louinn (June 4, 2003). "Killer of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy wants appeal moved from Los Angeles courts". Los Angeles: Associated Press Worldstream. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
  35. ^ Lota, Louinn (June 4, 2003). "Article: Killer of R. F. Kennedy Wants Appeal Moved". Los Angeles: AP Online. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
  36. ^ a b c "Sirhan says liquor, anger led to killing". Wilmington Morning Star. Los Angeles. Associated Press. September 27, 1980. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  37. ^ "Attorneys for RFK convicted killer Sirhan push 'second gunman' argument". CNN. March 5, 2012.
  38. ^ The Robert Kennedy Assassination. Mary Ferrell Foundation.
  39. ^ a b c Kujawsky, Paul (May 29, 2008). "Palestinian terror stretches back to RFK". The Jewish Journal. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  40. ^ "Part II: Why Sirhan Sirhan Assassinated Robert Kennedy by Mel Ayton". Retrieved January 16, 2009.
  41. ^ Szasz, Thomas S. (November 15, 1970). "'I achieved in a day what it took Kennedy all his life to do' By Thomas S. Szasz". The New York Times. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  42. ^ Cohen, Jerry (June 6, 1968). "Yorty Reveals That Suspect's Memo Set Deadline for Death". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, Calif. p. Front Page. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  43. ^ Mehdi, Mohammad Taki (1968). Kennedy and Sirhan: Why? (Illustrated Paperback ed.). New World Press. p. 100. ISBN 0-911026-04-5.
  44. ^ Yoemans, Jeannine (August 24, 1971). "San Quentin Story Unfolded; Officials Give Account of Escape Attempt". The Press-Courier. Oxnard, California. AP. p. 5. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  45. ^ a b Curtis, Kim. Even in prison, Jackson would be 'star'. Daily Breeze (Torrance, CA), June 13, 2005.
  46. ^ Grossi, Mark. Corcoran Prison Home to Who's-Who of Killers. The List of Infamous Murderers at the State Facility has Grown This Week to Include Sirhan Sirhan and Juan Corona. The Fresno Bee, June 5, 1992,
  47. ^ Deutsch, Linda. "Robert F. Kennedy's killer is moved to new site", The Seattle Times, Associated Press, November 2, 2009.
  48. ^ Monica Garske, RFK killer Sirhan Sirhan moved to another prison – on anniversary of JFK assassination, (November 22, 2013). Retrieved on November 23, 2013.
  49. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Assassin Sirhan Sirhan Stabbed in Prison Assault". TMZ.
  50. ^ "Sirhan Sirhan, the man who shot Robert Kennedy, stable after prison stabbing". The Guardian. August 31, 2019.
  51. ^ Thompson, Don (August 31, 2019). "RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan stable after prison stabbing". AP News. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
  52. ^ Francescani, Chris (September 1, 2019). "Sirhan Sirhan back in prison after surviving stabbing: Attorney". ABC News. Retrieved April 17, 2021.
  53. ^ McCarthy, Andrew (January 11, 2011). "A Horrid Crime, a Dishonest Debate". National Review.
  54. ^ Fischbach, Michael (June 2, 2003). "First Shot in Terror War Killed RFK". Los Angeles Times.
  55. ^ Oppenheim, Carol (May 11, 1982). "RFK would OK parole, Sirhan says". Chicago Tribune. p. 9.
  56. ^ Wilstein, Steve (May 24, 1989). "Sirhan denied parole for 10th time in RFK killing". Daily Breeze. Torrance, California.
  57. ^ Lovett, Ian (March 2, 2011). "California: Sirhan Sirhan Denied Parole". The New York Times.
  58. ^ a b Holley, Peter (February 11, 2016). "Sirhan Sirhan denied parole despite a Kennedy confidant's call for the assassin's release". The Washington Post.
  59. ^ "Robert Kennedy assassin, Sirhan Sirhan, denied parole: official". Newsweek. Reuters. February 11, 2016.
  60. ^ Fiorina, Steve (February 11, 2016). "Man Shot Alongside RFK Say Sirhan Sirhan Should Be Granted Parole". Information Clearing House.
  61. ^ Chambersa, Rick (August 27, 2021). "RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan granted parole by CA board, with support of 2 Kennedy sons". KTLA. Associated Press. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
  62. ^ Sanchez, Ray; Mossburg, Cheri (August 27, 2021). "Board recommends parole for RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan on 16th attempt". Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  63. ^ Watson, Julie; Melley, Brian (August 27, 2021). "RFK Assassin Sirhan Wins Parole With Support Of 2 Kennedys". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 28, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  64. ^ Vakil, Caroline (August 28, 2021). "Children of RFK divided over ruling on assassin's parole". The Hill.
  65. ^ a b Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas (August 27, 2021). "Parole Board Recommends Release of Sirhan Sirhan, Robert F. Kennedy's Assassin". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  66. ^ Kennedy, Rory (September 1, 2021). "The Man Who Murdered My Father Doesn't Deserve Parole". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021.
  67. ^ Mossburg, Cheri; Hannah, Jack; Chen, Natasha (August 26, 2021). "Prosecutors will not oppose parole for convicted RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan". CNN. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  68. ^ Jackman, Tom (August 25, 2021). "RFK assassin Sirhan Sirhan will seek parole without opposition from prosecutors". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  69. ^
  70. ^ "RFK killer Sirhan Sirhan denied parole by California board". Associated Press. March 1, 2023.
  71. ^ Watson, Julie Watson (March 1, 2023). "RFK killer Sirhan Sirhan denied parole by California board". Associated Press. Retrieved March 2, 2023.

Further reading[edit]

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