|Media type||Memory card|
|Capacity||Over 2 TB|
|Developed by||CompactFlash Association|
|Dimensions||38.5 mm × 29.8 mm × 3.8 mm|
The format is targeted at high-definition camcorders and high-resolution digital cameras. It offers target read and write speeds from 1 Gbit/s (0.125 GB/s) to about 4 Gbit/s (0.5 GB/s) and storage capabilities beyond 2 TB.
The cards are not backward compatible with CompactFlash or CFast cards, and despite the name similarity, has no connection with the xD-Picture Card. XQD and CFast were both designed as a replacement of the 1994 CompactFlash standard.
The format was first announced in November 2010 by SanDisk, Sony and Nikon, and was immediately picked up by the CompactFlash Association for development. The final specification was announced in December 2011.
On 7 September 2016 the CFA announced the successor of XQD, CFexpress. This new standard uses the same form-factor and interface but uses the NVMe protocol for higher speeds, lower latencies and lower power consumption.
In January 2012, the first XQD card was announced by Sony, declaring a 1 Gbit/s read and write speed. In July 2012, Lexar (owned at the time by Micron) announced plans to support the XQD format.
In addition to Sony, as of August 2018, Nikon and Delkin are also manufacturing XQD cards.
In late 2018, Lexar – by then under new ownership –  announced that it would discontinue support for the XQD format in favour of CFexpress, citing problems with control, licensing and product availability.
Sony has said their broadcast camcorders (XDCAM and XDCAM EX) will support the XQD cards. For their broadcast products the XQD card will be classified as a secondary media as XQD is based around consumer technology. Nonetheless, the cards will support acquisition in the broadcast quality MPEG HD422 50 Mbit/s format. On 4 September 2013, Sony released the PXW-Z100, a 4K prosumer camera that records onto XQD cards.
- "CompactFlash Association readies next-gen XQD format, promises write speeds of 125 MB/s and up". Engadget. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "CompactFlash Association Announces the Recently Adopted XQD(TM) Specification as a New Memory Card Format". CompactFlash Association. 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
Actual Write Speeds Target 125 MB/sec and Higher
- "Sandisk, Sony, and Nikon propose 500 Mbps memory card with more than 2 TB capacity". Engadget. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "CompactFlash Association Announces XQD Card Format". Compactflash.org. 2011-12-07. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "The CompactFlash Association Invites Participation on XQDTM 2.0 — The CompactFlash Association". Compactflash.org. 2012-09-15. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
- "CFA 5.1 Press Release" (PDF). 2016-09-07. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21.
CFA has developed [card standards including] CompactFlash®, CFast®, and XQD® formats. [..] CFexpress is the next evolution in an open standard format for a broader set of applications
- "Sony Announces World's First XQD Memory Cards". 6 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- "Sony - Sony unveils new high-speed XQD™*1 memory cards : : News : Sony Europe Press Centre". Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Lexar Announces Support for XQD Memory Card Specification". Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "Sandisk, Lexar, Kingston not making new XQD cards". 17 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- Shankland, Stephen (2012-01-13). "SanDisk on new XQD memory card format: 'Meh'". CNET. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- "Longsys Acquires Lexar Brand, a Leading Brand for High-Performance Removable Storage Solutions". Longsys.com. 31 August 2017. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
- "R.I.P. Lexar Memory Cards". PetaPixel. 2017-06-27. Retrieved 2017-06-29.
- "Lexar Quits XQD Cards, Accuses Sony of Preventing Progress". 25 October 2018. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
Lexar has abandoned the XQD memory card format and is now focusing its attention on pushing for CFexpress as the future standard. [..saying that..] "the product availability of XQD has been held up by multiple parties including Sony (who owns the IP) which is preventing us from moving forward"
- "Sony XDCAM Micro site". Sony. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "Nikon announces first camera to use new XQD cards". arstechnica.com. 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
- "When There Is No Second Chance: The New Nikon FX-Format D4 Multi-Media Digital SLR is The Definitive Unification Of Speed And Precision" (Press release). Nikon Inc. 2012. Archived from the original on January 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
- "Conquer the Dark: The New Nikon D5 DSLR Shatters Expectations for Thrilling New Levels of Low-Light Performance, Image Quality and Speed" (Press release). Nikon Inc. 2016. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
- "Pro Pedigree, DX Agility: The New Nikon D500 Establishes a New Era of DX-Format Performance" (Press release). Nikon Inc. 2016. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
- "XF IQ4 150MP Camera System". phaseone.com. 2018-08-28.