The Barbary partridge has its main native range in North Africa, and is also native to Gibraltar and the Canary Islands (Alectoris barbara ssp. koenigi). It has been introduced to continental Portugal and Madeira, though there are no recent records of this species on the latter islands. It is also present in Sardinia.
The Barbary partridge is a rotund bird, with a grey-brown back, grey breast and buff belly. The face is light grey with a broad reddish-brown gorget. It has rufous-streaked white flanks and red legs. When disturbed, it prefers to run rather than fly, but if necessary it flies a short distance on rounded wings.
It is closely related to its western European equivalent, the red-legged partridge. It is similar to the red-legged partridge, but it has a different head and neck pattern. The song is a noisy tre-tre-tre-tre-tre-cheeche-tre-tre-tre.
This 33–36 cm bird is a resident breeder in dry, open and often hilly country. It nests in a scantily lined ground scrape laying 10-16 eggs. A few cases of breeding in trees in empty nest of African Magpie Pica mauretanica have been documented in Tunisia, probably to escape strong predation on the ground.
Eggs of Alectoris barbara - MHNT
- BirdLife International (2016). "Alectoris barbara". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22678707A85855433. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678707A85855433.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
- "The Gibraltar Bird List: Bird species observed in or from the territory of Gibraltar". Gibraltar Ornithological & Natural History Society. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- (in Spanish) Martín P., Cardona A., Avifauna Canaria II, Aves de las Zonas Bajas p 55
- Ouni R., Ouni H. & Nouira S. (2017). "Two records of arboreal nesting by the BarbaryPartridge Alectoris barbara in Tunisia - Nidification inhabituelles de la perdrix gambra Alectoris barbara barbara dans le centre de la tunisie". Alauda. 85 ((3)): 229–230.
- Oiseaux.net. "Perdrix gambra - Alectoris barbara - Barbary Partridge". www.oiseaux.net (in French). Retrieved 2023-01-16.
- "Gibraltar's Culture and Customs". Retrieved 3 August 2011.