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Temporal range: Aptian, 122.1 Ma
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Avialae
Clade: Ornithuromorpha
Genus: Dingavis
O'Connor et al., 2015
Type species
Dingavis longimaxilla
O'Connor et al., 2015

Dingavis is an extinct genus of ornithuromorph bird from the Early Cretaceous of present-day China. It contains a single species, D. longimaxilla.[1]

Discovery and naming[edit]

At Sihedang in Liaoning a fossil bird skeleton was excavated. Catalogued as IVPP V20284, it was found in a layer of the Yixian Formation dating from the Aptian. It consists of an almost complete and associated skeleton with skull, compressed on a plate. It preserves feather remains at the neck. About forty gastroliths have been preserved. It represents an adult individual. The specimen was acquired by the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing. The piece was prepared by Li Dahang.[1]

In 2015 the type species Dingavis longimaxilla was named and described by Jingmai O'Connor, Wang Min and Hu Han. The generic name combines the name of Ding Wenjiang, the "Father of Chinese Geology", with a Latin avis, "bird". The specific name is derived from the Latin longus, "long", and maxilla.[1]


Juehuaornis has a long beak which equals 63 to 65% of the total skull length. The gastroliths are large, with a diameter of 2–4 centimetres (0.79–1.57 in).[1]


Juehuaornis was placed in the Ornithuromorpha (redefined as a stem-based clade) in 2015.[1] In 2016, it was suggested that Dingavis might be cogeneric to the closely related genera Changzuiornis and Juehuaornis that might have been found in the same formation, in which case Juehuaornis would have priority.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e O'Connor, J.K.; Wang, M.; Hu, H. (2016). "A new ornithuromorph (Aves) with an elongate rostrum from the Jehol Biota, and the early evolution of rostralization in birds". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 14 (11): 939–948. doi:10.1080/14772019.2015.1129518. S2CID 86333646.
  2. ^ Huang, J.; Wang, X.; Hu, Y.; Liu, J.; Peteya, J.A.; Clarke, J.A. (2016). "A new ornithurine from the Early Cretaceous of China sheds light on the evolution of early ecological and cranial diversity in birds". PeerJ. 4: e1765. doi:10.7717/peerj.1765. PMC 4806634. PMID 27019777.