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Straußwachtel männlich (Rollulus rouloul).jpg
Crested partridge (Rollulus rouloul)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Rollulinae
Bonaparte, 1850


Rollulinae is a bird subfamily containing the jungle and wood partridges. They are the most basal member of the family Phasianidae, having diverged during the late Eocene or early Oligocene, about 30-35 million years ago.[1][2] Many taxonomists formerly placed this subfamily within the Perdicinae, but more recent studies have affirmed its existence, and it is accepted by taxonomic authorities such as the International Ornithological Congress.[2][3][4][5]

Members of this family are mostly found in east and southeast Asia, along with a single basal genus containing two species endemic to two mountain ranges in Tanzania.[5]

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

This list is ordered to show presumed relationships between species.

Image Genus Living species
Ferruginous Partridge Caloperdix oculeus.jpg Caloperdix
Rollulus rouloul qtl2.jpg Rollulus
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.AVES.25872 - Melanoperdix niger niger Vigors, 1829 - Phasianidae - skin specimen.jpeg Melanoperdix
Arborophila rubrirostris 59388896.jpg Arborophila


  1. ^ "Search: Wood partridge - Encyclopedia of Life".
  2. ^ a b "Galliformes". bird-phylogeny (in German). Retrieved 2021-08-01.
  3. ^ "ITIS - Report: Perdicinae".
  4. ^ Kimball, Rebecca T.; Hosner, Peter A.; Braun, Edward L. (2021-05-01). "A phylogenomic supermatrix of Galliformes (Landfowl) reveals biased branch lengths". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 158: 107091. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2021.107091. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 33545275. S2CID 231963063.
  5. ^ a b "Taxonomic Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-08-01.