write (system call)
The write is one of the most basic routines provided by a Unix-like operating system kernel. It writes data from a buffer declared by the user to a given device, such as a file. This is the primary way to output data from a program by directly using a system call. The destination is identified by a numeric code. The data to be written, for instance a piece of text, is defined by a pointer and a size, given in number of bytes.
write thus takes three arguments:
- The file code (file descriptor or fd).
- The pointer to a buffer where the data is stored (buf).
- The number of bytes to write from the buffer (nbytes).
The write call interface is standardized by the POSIX specification. Data is written to a file by calling the write function. The function prototype is:
ssize_t write(int fildes, const void *buf, size_t nbyte);
|It is the file descriptor which has been obtained from the call to open. It is an integer value. The values 0, 1, 2 can also be given, for standard input, standard output & standard error, respectively .|
|It points to a character array, with content to be written to the file pointed to by fd.|
|It specifies the number of bytes to be written from the character array into the file pointed to by fd.|
In above syntax,
ssize_t is a
typedef. It is a signed data type defined in
stddef.h. Note that
write() does not return an unsigned value; it returns -1 if an error occurs so it must return a signed value.
The write function returns the number of bytes successfully written into the file, which may at times be less than the specified nbytes. It returns -1 if an exceptional condition is encountered, see section on errors below.
- ^ http://www.unix.com/man-page/FreeBSD/2/write/ Manual page for Write
- ^ https://www.gnu.org/s/hello/manual/libc/I_002fO-Primitives.html#I_002fO-Primitives I/O Primitives
- ^ "Write".
- POSIX write
- C_Programming/C_Reference/stdio.h/fwrite at Wikibooks