From today's featured article
Martinus (died c. 641) was caesar of the Byzantine Empire from some point between 638 and 640, to 641. He was the fifth son of Emperor Heraclius and his second wife (and niece) Empress Martina. Heraclius elevated Martinus to caesar, a junior imperial title that placed Martinus on the line of succession. Heraclius died on 11 February 641, leaving the throne jointly to Martinus's half-brother Constantine III and his elder full brother Heraclonas. Constantine III soon died of tuberculosis, though some of his partisans alleged that Martina poisoned him. One such partisan, Valentinus, led troops to Chalcedon, across the Bosporus Strait from the capital, Constantinople, to force Martina to install Constans, Constantine III's son, as co-emperor. Valentinus seized Constantinople, forced Constans II's enthronement in September or October 641, and deposed Martina, Heraclonas, and Martinus. Mutilated and exiled to Rhodes, Martinus died soon after, possibly during or immediately after the surgery. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
- ... that around 1,500 anti-Jewish laws were enacted by Nazi Germany in the years leading up to the Holocaust (victims pictured)?
- ... that Lucy Greenish was the first woman in New Zealand to become a registered architect?
- ... that patriarchal gender roles become more sharply defined for England in the High Middle Ages, with some of that to do with the new feudal system?
- ... that in Strauss's Elektra, Aile Asszonyi was said to be convincing as a woman close to madness?
- ... that although most Game Boy Advance games are developed in at least five to six months, XXX was developed in two?
- ... that after going 1–10–1 in the first season of his tenure, Green Bay Packers president Dominic Olejniczak hired Vince Lombardi and the team would go on to win five NFL championships in nine years?
- ... that M. Jeff Thompson described the Confederate ship named after himself as being "the largest and best, but slowest boat of the fleet"?
- ... that Caroline Breese Hall and her father, who were both pediatricians, wrote a book together?
In the news
- At least 275 people are killed and over 1,100 others injured in a collision between three trains in Balasore, India (crash site pictured).
- In cricket, the Indian Premier League concludes with the Chennai Super Kings defeating the Gujarat Titans in the final.
- Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is re-elected President of Turkey in a runoff.
- In auto racing, Josef Newgarden wins the Indianapolis 500.
- Rock singer and actress Tina Turner dies at the age of 83.
On this day
June 5: World Environment Day; King's Official Birthday in New Zealand (2023); Western Australia Day (2023)
- 1899 – Filipino general Antonio Luna (pictured) was assassinated in the midst of the Philippine–American War.
- 1968 – U.S. senator Robert F. Kennedy was fatally shot by Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.
- 1976 – The Teton Dam in eastern Idaho, U.S., collapsed as its reservoir was being filled for the first time, resulting in the deaths of eleven people and 13,000 cattle, and causing up to $2 billion in damage.
- 2004 – Noël Mamère, mayor of the Bordeaux suburb of Bègles, conducted a marriage ceremony for two men, even though same-sex marriage in France had not yet been legalised.
- 2009 – After almost two months of civil disobedience, at least 31 people were killed in clashes between the National Police and indigenous people in Peru's Bagua Province.
- Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar (d. 879)
- John Couch Adams (b. 1819)
- Megumi Nakajima (b. 1989)
From today's featured list
Warren G. Harding was the 29th president of the United States from March 4, 1921, to August 2, 1923. During Harding's presidency, he organized international disarmament agreements, addressed major labor disputes, enacted legislation and regulations pertaining to veterans' rights, and traveled west to visit Alaska. He inherited the aftermath of World War I after taking office in 1921 (inauguration pictured), requiring him to formally end American involvement and participate in the polarized discussion of veterans' affairs, including the debate surrounding the Bonus Bill. His administration was beset by scandal in March 1922 after the president dismissed officials at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, and the events of the larger Teapot Dome scandal began the following month when the Department of the Interior leased the Teapot Dome oil reserves to Harry Ford Sinclair. (Full list...)
Today's featured picture
Clara McAdow (1838–1896) was an American women's suffragist and mine owner. Born in Ohio, she grew up in Jackson, Michigan, relocating to Montana with her first husband, C. E. Tomlinson. When Tomlinson died, she took their savings and invested in real estate in Billings. Through her real-estate ventures, she met her second husband, Perry McAdow. She purchased from him the Spotted Horse mine, which he had received as payment for a debt. Clara took charge of all aspects of the mine, directing all of its operations and often living on site. McAdow was intensely interested in the women's suffrage movement, hosting Carrie Chapman Catt and Susan B. Anthony in her home to promote giving women the vote.
Photograph credit: unknown; restored by Adam Cuerden
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