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Engraving of Nelson's Pillar circa 1829

Nelson's Pillar was a large granite column capped by a statue of Horatio Nelson, erected in the centre of O'Connell Street in Dublin, Ireland, in 1809. It was severely damaged by explosives in March 1966 and demolished a week later. The monument was erected after the euphoria following Nelson's victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. It proved a popular tourist attraction but provoked aesthetic and political controversy, and there were frequent calls for it to be removed, or replaced with a memorial to an Irish hero. Nevertheless it remained. Its destruction just before the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising was, on the whole, well received by the Irish public. The police could identify no one responsible; when in 2000 a former republican activist admitted planting the explosives, he was not charged. Relics of the Pillar are found in various Dublin locations, and its memory is preserved in numerous works of Irish literature. (Full article...)

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Powis Castle and its gardens
Powis Castle and its gardens

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Shohei Ohtani in 2022
Shohei Ohtani

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March 24: World Tuberculosis Day

James VI and I
James VI and I
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Sid Meier
Sid Meier

The Civilization franchise is composed primarily of a series of turn-based strategy video games and associated media. The core of the franchise is a series of six titles for personal computers, released between 1991 and 2016. Sid Meier (pictured) developed Civilization (1991), the first game in the series and has had creative input for most of its sequels. The official titles of the Civilization series, core games, and most spin-offs include his name, as in Sid Meier's Civilization. The first game in the series was created by MicroProse co-founder Meier and Bruce Shelley. MicroProse continued the series for several years, but beginning with Civilization III (2001) through the latest title, Civilization VI (2016), it has been developed by Firaxis Games. In addition to video games, the franchise includes several board games, artbooks, and music albums. (Full list...)

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Gerty Cori and Carl Ferdinand Cori working in a laboratory

Gerty Cori (1896–1957) was a Czech-American biochemist. She was the third woman to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for her significant role in the "discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen". Born in Prague, Cori grew up at a time when women were marginalized in science and allowed few educational opportunities, but she nonetheless gained admittance to medical school. With her husband Carl Ferdinand Cori and the Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, she received the Nobel Prize in 1947. This photograph from the Smithsonian Institution Archives, taken in the same year, shows Cori and her husband working in their laboratory.

Photograph credit: unknown; restored by Bammesk

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