From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Temporal range: Late Cretaceous,
~74–72 Ma
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Avialae
Clade: Enantiornithes
Genus: Castignovolucris
Buffetaut et al., 2023
C. sebei
Binomial name
Castignovolucris sebei
Buffetaut et al., 2023

Castignovolucris (meaning "Castigno valley bird") is an extinct genus of enantornithe bird from the Late Cretaceous "continental red clays" of the Argiles et Grès à Reptiles Formation of France. It contains a single species, C. sebei, which was named and described in 2023.[1]

Discovery and naming[edit]

The holotype, MC-VCZ2-6, a right coracoid, was discovered near Villespassans by Stéphane Sèbe and was donated to the Musée de Cruzy.

Castignovolucris sebei was named and described by Buffetaut et al. (2023).[1]


Castignovolucris was estimated to have a wingspan of around 127–185 cm (50–73 in) and may have been 75 to 110 cm (30 to 43 in) long when fully grown,[1] making it one of the largest known enantiornitheans to date.


Castignovolucris would have been found on the Ibero-Armorican island in what is today Occitania, France.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Buffetaut, E.; Angst, D.; Tong, H. (2023). "A new enantiornithine bird from Upper Cretaceous non-marine deposits at Villespassans (Hérault, southern France)". Annales de Paléontologie. 109 (1). 102585. Bibcode:2023AnPal.10902585B. doi:10.1016/j.annpal.2022.102585. S2CID 257863645.
  2. ^ Csiki-Sava, Zoltan; Buffetaut, Eric; Ősi, Attila; Pereda-Suberbiola, Xabier; Brusatte, Stephen L. (2015-01-08). "Island life in the Cretaceous - faunal composition, biogeography, evolution, and extinction of land-living vertebrates on the Late Cretaceous European archipelago". ZooKeys (469): 1–161. Bibcode:2015ZooK..469....1C. doi:10.3897/zookeys.469.8439. ISSN 1313-2970. PMC 4296572. PMID 25610343.