Kota Intan (Diamond City)
Zwitserse Van Java (Switzerland of Java)
Tata Tengtrem Kerta Raharja
|• Total||27.71 km2 (10.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||717 m (2,520 ft)|
|• Density||4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (IWST)|
|Area code||(+62) 262|
The modern history of Garut started on March 2, 1811 when Balubur Limbangan Regency was dissolved by Governor General Herman Willem Daendels, because the area's production of coffee had decreased and the Regent, Tumenggung Wangsakusumah II had refused a command to plant indigo. Balubur Limbangan Regency then comprised 6 districts: Balubur, Malangbong, Wanaraja, Wanakerta, Cibeureum and Papandak.
The Limbangan Regency, which has now become the Garut Regency, was founded by Lieutenant-Governor Stamford Raffles on 16 February 1813. RAA. Adiwijaya, who governed from the 1813 until 1821, was the first Regent of the Garut Regency. He was well known as Dalem Cipeujueh. The town of Suci was originally the capital of the new Limbangan Regency. However it was thought that Suci did not meet the requirements of a capital because the area was crowded and quite narrow.
Regarding this matter, Regent Limbangan Adipati Adiwijaya formed a committee to find a suitable place for the capital of the Regency. In the beginning, the committee found Cimurah, about 3 km to the East Suci (currently the village is known by the name of Pidayeuheun Village). However, in this place clean water was difficult to obtain so the place not regarded as suitable to become the capital. The committee then decided that a suitable place was about 5 km to west of Suci. In addition to fertile land, the place has a spring that flows to the River Cimanuk and is surrounded by mountains, like Mount Cikuray, Mount Papandayan, Mount Guntur, Mount Galunggung, Mount Talaga Bodas, Kandangwesi and Mount Karacak.
When the site was first found, there was a spring nearby that was said to have been surrounded by a small pond closed off by thorny scrub. According to local stories, one person in the group had his hands badly scratched by the thorns. A European in the team asked about the bleeding and was told that the problem was "kakarut!" The answer was misheard by the European visitor as "gagarut" rather than "kakarut". Team members of the committee thus named the thorny plant "Ki Garut" and the pond was named "Ci Garut" (the location of this pond now was occupied by SLTPI, SLTPII, and SLTP IV Garut buildings). The area around the pond was named "Garut". The name of "Garut" was approved by Regent Limbangan Adipati Adiwijaya to be made the Capital of the Limbangan Regency.
On 15 September 1813 the development of capital facilities and infrastructure, such as residence, the hall, office assistant resident, mosques, and square was started. In front of the hall, between the town square and the hall was gotten by "Babancong" where the Regent as well as the official of the other government gave the speech in front of the public. After the place was completed earlier, the Capital of the Limbangan Regency moved from Suci to Garut around 1821. Based on the Governor General Decree No: 60 dated May 7, 1913, the name of the Limbangan Regency was replaced to the Garut Regency and had a capital the Garut city on July 1, 1913. At that time, the Regent was RAA is Wiratanudatar (1871–1915). Garut city at that time covering the three villages, namely Kota Kulon (West City) village, the Kota Wetan (East City) Village, and Margawati Village. The Garut Regency covered Garut districts, Bayongbong, Cibatu, Tarogong, Leles, Balubur Limbangan, Cikajang, Pakenjeng, Bungbulang and Pameungpeuk. In the year 1915, RAA Wiratanudatar replaced by his nephew of Adipati Suria Karta Legawa (1915–1929). On August 14, 1925, a decision based on the Governor General, Garut Regency government passed a stand-alone (autonomous). 
Tourism and Incidents
The Danish writer Johannes V. Jensen accounted his visit to Garut in the short story Paa Java from 1915. The legendary film star Charlie Chaplin is said to have visited Garut twice. He is reported to have visited in 1927 and 1935, staying at the Grand Hotel Ngamplang in Cilawu region, a hilly resort around 3.4 kilometers from the city center.
- Mount Papandayan, about 15 km to the southwest of Garut.
- The Kamojang crater, a geothermal field and tourist spot, is located on the slopes of Mount Guntur approximately 25 km to the northwest of Garut.
- The Cangkuang Hindu temple, near the village of Leles, is around 10 km towards the north of the town of Garut on the road to Bandung. The temple, said to have been built during the period of the Galuh Sundanese kingdom in the 8th century, is one of the few Hindu sites in West Java. The restored temple is on the edge of Cangkuang lake where there is a campsite and a few bungalows.
- Curug Orok, a group of waterfalls (curug in Indonesian).
- Masjid Asy-Syuro is a mosque that has an art-deco architecture. Therefore, this mosque looks like a church because of its architectural style. This is a conserved building in Garut. Built in 1934 and finished in 1936. It consists of a hall, a "mimbar", and a tower. This building has a thick wall and stone decoration at its lower part. This mosque is located at Kampung Cipari, Desa Sukarasa, Kecamatan Pangatikan (previously Wanaraja). This building had been functioned as a shelter and fortress while a civil and political conflict of Darul Islam or Tentara Islam Indonesia movement. Now this mosque is still used as a normal mosque for praying and a center of Pesantren Cipari, a traditional and modern Islamic boarding school complex.
- Kawah Talaga Bodas, a with and cyan crater.
- Kebun Mawar Situhapa, a rose plantation garden at the District of Samarang.
- Kampung Bali, a gallery of ancient heritage such as Keris, Tombak, Script, Jewelry, etc. This place is located at District of Cibatu.
- Taman Satwa Cikembulan, a mini zoo and kids play ground at the District of Leles, about 1 kilometer from Situ Cangkuang.
- Desa Wisata Domba or also known as De Wisdom. This is a tourism spot with Sheep/Lamb theme.
- Karacak Valley, is a camping site at Mount Karacak.
- Darajat Pass, a hot spring pools spot at the hill of Kamojang, This place is located at District of Samarang.
- Cipanas Tarogong is a village with so many hotels and hot spring pools at the District of Tarogong.
- Sukaregang Leather Home Industry Center, a perfect spot for shopping leather products with affordable price. This place is located At The District of Garut Kota.
To facilitate the tourists who want to explore Garut tourism destination, there are tour operator companies who can be contacted. One of them is Zigra Wisata. This is an experienced tour operator for Garut Regency.
- Dodol is among the famous local cuisines from Garut. Dodol is made from rice flour, glutinous rice flour, brown sugar, and coconut milk. Dodol, which is popular because it is sweet and sticky, is prepared with many different fruit flavours.
- Dorokdok (Skin Crackers). Dorokdok is usually made from dried Water Buffalo's skin. The only way to make it is to fry the dried skin. Dorokdok is popular because it is crunchy and salty.
- Burayot made of Brown Sugar and Chosen rice flour. The ingredients and taste are same as that found in other versions of the regional specialty known as "Ali Agrem" but because burayot is round and wrinkled (or "ngaburayot" in Sundanese) it called burayot. Burayot is produced in the region around the small township of Leles to the north of Garut because the ingredients are easily available in the area.
- Chocodot is a mixture of Chocolate and Dodol. It is a new emerging brand for souvenir snack from Garut.
- Rangginang is a kind of chips made from a processed rice called ketan. Its salty and crunchy.
- Dapros is a kind of colorful chips with a bloom rose shape.
- Leupeut is another kind of rice. Packed with banana leave. It is often used as a substitution of rice while traveling.
Garut is in a valley surrounded by various volcanoes. The most well known is Mount Galunggung which experienced a major eruption in 1982. Following the eruption, over 60 people died and much damage was done to the agricultural sector and infrastructure in the region. Other nearby volcanoes are Mount Talagabodas (around 2,200 meters), Mount Guntur (around 2,250 meters), and Mount Cikurai (over 2,900 meters).
At the south of Garut there are more than 10 beaches. The most well known beaches are Santolo Beach at Cikelet district and Sayang Heulang Beach, the others are Cilauteureun, Rancabuaya, Taman Manalusu, Cijayana, Karang Paranje, Sancang, Gunung Geder, Pantai Cijeruk Indah, Karang Tepas or Sodong parat. They are located 94 kilometers from Garut and spread along 72 kilometers of south coast. Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn in the colonial era plotted the beaches. Now, since 2006 Gunung Geder Beach is boosted by the Indonesian government to be a new tourist site. Gunung Geder Beach with 7 kilometers of beach has white sand near the sea and brownish sand far the sea. Some people[who?] said that Gunung Geder beach is more beautiful than Kuta Beach in Bali. Alternative route besides through Garut is through Ciwidey and Rancabali.
The urban area of Garut town (Kota) extends into three adjacent districts, with a combined area of 149.81 km2 and an official estimated population of 478,290 in mid 2021.
- Witton, Patrick (2003). Indonesia (7th edition). Melbourne: Lonely Planet. p. 166. ISBN 1-74059-154-2.
- See Official website of Garut Regency for useful details and links.
- Vickers, Adrian. 2005. A History of Modern Indonesia, Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, p. 29.
- "Asia's Highlands". Wall Street Journal. 2007-05-25. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-09-15.
- Johannes V. Jensen (2001). Niels Birger Wamberg (ed.). Hos fuglene: Noveller af Johannes V. Jensen (in Danish) (1st ed.). Gyldendal. ISBN 978-87-00-47184-9. OCLC 469419005. Wikidata Q55994517.
- Ika Krismantari, 'Garut: The Hidden Beauty of West Java', The Jakarta Post, 19 April 2011.
- Kuntarini Rahsilawati, 'Garut and Tasikmalaya: Jades of tropics near Jakarta', The Jakarta Post, 24 September 2006.
- Simon Marcus Gower, 'Gliding to a restful temple near Garut', The Jakarta Post, 11 December 2009.
- (Indonesian) Most Exotic Than Kuta
- Badan Pusat Statistic, Jakarta, 2022.