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Helical scan is a method of recording high-frequency signals on magnetic tape. It is used in open-reel video tape recorders, video cassette recorders, digital audio tape recorders, and some computer tape drives.
Earl Edgar Masterson from RCA patented the first helical scan method in 1950. German engineer Eduard Schüller developed a helical scan method of recording in 1953 while working at AEG. With the advent of television broadcasting in Japan in the early 1950s, they saw the need for magnetic television signal recording. Dr. Kenichi Sawazaki developed a prototype helical scan recorder in 1954.
Type B videotape video scanner head
rotary head visible in a VXA computer tape drive
- Type A videotape
- 1 inch type B videotape
- 1 inch type C videotape
- IVC videotape format about the IVC 2 inch helical VTR, Model 9000
- Video tape recorder (VTR)
- Vision Electronic Recording Apparatus
- Ampex 2 inch helical VTR
- Symmetric Phase Recording
- ^ Patent US2773120
- ^ "Magnetic Videotape Recording". April 2019.
- ^ SMPTE Journal: Publication of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Volume 96, Issues 1-6; Volume 96, page 256, Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
- ^ https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/gnd129812749.html#ndbcontent, Small Biography of him by Deutsche Biographie
- ^ "Toshiba Science Museum : World's First Helical Scan Video Tape Recorder". toshiba-mirai-kagakukan.jp. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- Sony U.S. patent for U-matic videotape cassette, filed 1971.
- Sony U.S. patent for design of U-matic deck, filed 1971.
- video preservation and conservation museum
- The history of television, 1942 to 2000 By Albert Abramson, page 93.
- Ampex page in the Experimental TV Center