Timeline of computing 2020–present

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article presents a detailed timeline of events in the history of computing from 2020 to the present. For narratives explaining the overall developments, see the history of computing.

Significant events in computing include events relating directly or indirectly to software, hardware and wetware.

Currently mostly[clarification needed] excluded are:

  • events in general robotics
  • events about uses of computational tools in biotechnology and similar fields (except for improvements to the underlying computational tools) as well as events in media-psychology except when those are directly linked to computational tools

Currently excluded are:

Growth of supercomputer performance, based on data from the top500.org website. The logarithmic y-axis shows performance in GFLOPS.
  Combined performance of 500 largest supercomputers
  Fastest supercomputer
  Supercomputer in 500th place
Share of operating systems families in TOP500 supercomputers by time trend
Usage share of web browsers in November 2020 according to StatCounter


Software-hardware systems[edit]


  • A study hypothesizes mental health awareness efforts (in current forms) or glamorised and romanticised mental disorders on social media (e.g. quotes about depression on aesthetically-appealing backgrounds shared widely on certain social media[which?]) may contribute to the recent rise in reported mental health problems – by intensifying and over-diagnosing of such – beyond e.g. increased reporting of previously under-recognised symptoms or mental health-related issues.[10][11]
Various Twitter changes subsequent to its acquisition by Elon Musk.

AI software[edit]

Combining GPT-4 and Stable Diffusion to generate art from sketches[24]
  • The LLM GPT-4 is launched by OpenAI.[69][70] It and ChatGPT based on it continue to receive major global media attention.
  • Researchers suggest that growing influence of industry in AI research means that "public interest alternatives for important AI tools may become increasingly scarce".[71]
  • Google reveals PaLM-E, an embodied multimodal language model with 562 billion parameters.[72][73]
  • Google releases chatbot Bard due to effects of the ChatGPT release,[74] with potential for integration into its Web search and, like ChatGPT software, also as a software development helper tool.[75] DuckDuckGo releases the DuckAssist feature integrated into its search engine that summarizes information from Wikipedia to answer search queries that are questions. The experimental feature is shut down without explanation on 12 April.[76][77][78] Around the time, a proprietary feature by scite.ai is released that delivers answers that use research papers and provide citations for the quoted paper(s). It may demonstrate an alternative approach to ChatGPT whose fundamental algorithms are not designed to generate text that is true, including for example "hallucinations" and fake citations or misinformation more generally.[79][80] Elicit.org may provide a free alternative to this tool.[81][82] A broader alternative approach to the software's Q&A applications and use of text generation for assignments may be the improvement of media literacy and Web search skills in education systems.
  • A method for editing NeRF scenes, a novel media technique from 2020,[83] with natural language commands is demonstrated by Nvidia.[84][85]
  • An open letter "Pause Giant AI Experiments" by the Future of Life Institute calls for "AI labs to immediately pause for at least 6 months the training of AI systems more powerful than GPT-4" due to "profound risks to society and humanity".[86][87] It received substantial media attention and also contributed to speculations about perceived large LLM potential). At the time there is extensive media coverage of views that regard ChatGPT as a potential step towards AGI or sentient machines, also extending to some academic works (e.g. a popular preprint by a company).[24] The coverage focused on such views may not represent the majority expert views and, for example, some researchers note that e.g. the ability to generate coherent text and imitations are not the same as understanding language.[88] A set of techniques under development include self-refining code or text.[89]

Hardware and wetware[edit]

Scientists coin and outline a new field 'organoid intelligence' (OI)
  • Researchers report the development of a fuel cell implant powered by blood glucose. It can also release insulin at certain levels and have enough energy to allow smartphone implant control.[100][101]


Software-hardware systems[edit]

The overall process of testing the reproducibility and robustness of the cancer biology literature via Eve[106]
  • The first data transmission to exceed 1 petabit per second (Pbit/s) using only a single laser and a single optical chip is demonstrated by European researchers.[122][123]
  • Impossible Metals announces its first underwater robotic vehicle, 'Eureka 1', has completed its first trial of selectively harvesting polymetallic nodule rocks from the seabed nearly without harming the environment (as with other seabed mining) to help address the rising global need for metals for renewable energy system components – mainly batteries. It operates autonomously and uses advanced computer vision, e.g. using AI to determine which rocks have signs of visible life on them so that they are not harvested.[129]


  • Researchers report the creation of a version control system for cell engineering, suggesting it to be a "significant step toward more open, reproducible, easier to trace and share, and more trustworthy engineering biology", and possibly increase safety by enabling faster tracing of organisms lab of origin and design details via barcoding.[134][135]
Measured results of the study about change in intelligence in children 9–12 from screen time watching, screen time Socializing and screen time gaming.[143]
Deep learning systems learn intuitive basic physics similar to infants and any physics via potential variables-identification from only visual data (of virtual 3D environments).
AI company DeepMind reports that its AlphaFold program has determined the likely structure of nearly every protein known to science.
  • A researcher reports that the social media app TikTok adds a keylogger to its, on iOS essentially unavoidable, in-app browser in iOS, which allows its Chinese company to gather, for example, passwords, credit card details, and everything else that is typed into websites opened from taps on any external links within the app. Shortly after the report, the company claims such capabilities are only used for debugging-types of purposes.[174][175] To date, it has largely not been investigated which and to which extent (other) apps have capacities for such or similar data-collection.[174][175][additional citation(s) needed]
~August: Artificial intelligence art becomes highly sophisticated and popular and starts winning art prizes. The two images are made via the open source Stable Diffusion.


  • Scientists report a so far unique and unknown feature of material VO2 – it can "remember" previous external stimuli (via structural rather than electronic states), with potential for e.g. data storage.[243][244]


A study finds that carbon emissions from Bitcoin mining in China – where a majority of the proof-of-work algorithm that generates current economic value is computed, largely fueled by nonrenewable sources – have accelerated rapidly and would soon exceed total annual emissions of countries like Italy, interfering with climate change mitigation commitments.
  • Scientists review materials strategies for organic neuromorphic devices, suggesting that "their biocompatibility and mechanical conformability give them an advantage for creating adaptive biointerfaces, brain-machine interfaces, and biology-inspired prosthetics".[260][261][relevant?]
Researchers publish the first in-depth study of Web browser tab interfaces.
  • Researchers publish the first in-depth study of Web browser tab interfaces. They found that many people struggle with tab overload and conducted surveys and interviews about people's tab use. Thereby they formalized pressures for closing tabs and for keeping tabs open. The authors then developed related UI design considerations which could enable better tools and changes to the code of Web browsers – like Firefox – that allow knowledge workers and other users to better manage their tabs.[262][263]
  • Operation of the U.S. Colonial Pipeline is interrupted by a ransomware cyber attack.[264][relevant?]
  • A new record for the smallest single-chip system is achieved, occupying a total volume of less than 0.1 mm³.[265][266]
Scientists demonstrate the first brain–computer interface that decodes neural signals for handwriting and has a record output speed of up to 90 characters per minute – more than double the previous record.
Scientists debate and research cognitive impacts of smartphones and digital technology in general and by prevalent forms of use.
  • In the debate the cognitive impacts of smartphones and digital technology a group reports that, contrary to widespread belief, scientific evidence doesn't show that these technologies harm biological cognitive abilities and that they instead change predominant ways of cognition – such as a reduced need to remember facts or conduct mathematical calculations by pen and paper outside contemporary schools. However, some activities – like reading novels – that require long attention-spans and don't feature ongoing rewarding stimulation may become more challenging in general.[280][281]
Open 3D Engine is released.
DeepMind's AlphaFold AI predicts the structures of over 350,000 proteins, including 98.5% of the ~20,000 proteins in the human body, along with degrees of confidence for accuracy.
  • DeepMind announces that its AlphaFold AI has predicted the structures of over 350,000 proteins, including 98.5% of the ~20,000 proteins in the human body. The 3D data along with their degrees of confidence for accuracy is made freely available with a new database, doubling the previous number of protein structures in the public domain.[289]
  • Scientists publish the first complete neuron-level-resolution 3D map of a monkey brain which they scanned within 100 hours.[290][291]
A researcher reports that solar superstorms would cause large-scale global months-long Internet outages.
Researchers develop machine learning models for genome-based early detection and prioritization of high-risk potential zoonotic viruses.
Schema of how the open database, interactive visualization tools, protocols and a metadata ontology for reporting device data, open-source code for data analysis, etc. can support perovskite solar cell development[320]
  • Researchers report the development of a database and analysis tool about perovskite solar cells which systematically integrates over 15,000 publications, in particular device-data about over 42,400 of such photovoltaic devices. Authors described the site – which requires signing up to access the data and uses software that is partly open source but to date not free software[321] – as a participative "Wikipedia for perovskite solar cell research" and suggest that extensively capturing the progress of an entire field including interactive data exploration functionalities could also be applicable to many fields in materials science, engineering and biosciences.[322][320]
  • A third[323] main convergent graphical shell (Maui Shell) and UI framework (MauiKit), based on KDE/Kirigami, for the GNU/Linux operating system on smartphones, desktops and other devices, is released.[324][325][326][327]


Awards and challenges[edit]

To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":
Computer-related events(11 C, 10 P)
Award / challenge Year Recipient/s / winner/s Description
FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award 2020 Bradley M. Kuhn For his work in enforcing the GNU General Public License (GPL) and promoting copyleft through his position at Software Freedom Conservancy.[360][361]
FSF Free Software Awards – Advancement of Free Software award 2021 Paul Eggert A computer scientist who teaches in the Department of Computer Science at the University of California, Los Angeles, contributor to the GNU operating system for over thirty years and current maintainer of the Time Zone Database.[362][363][364]
FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award 2020 CiviCRM Free program that nonprofit organizations around the world use to manage their mailings and contact databases[360][361]
FSF Free Software Awards – Social benefit award 2021 SecuRepairs An association of information security experts who support the right to repair[362][363][364]
FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor 2020 Alyssa Rosenzweig Leads the Panfrost project,[365] a project to reverse engineer and implement a free driver for the Mali series of graphics processing units (GPUs) used on a wide variety of single-board computers and mobile phones.[360][361]
FSF Free Software Awards – Award for outstanding new Free Software contributor 2021 Protesilaos Stavrou A philosopher who since 2019 has become a mainstay of the GNU Emacs community through his blog posts, conference talks, livestreams, and code contributions.[362][363][364]

Open policy proposals[edit]






Further topics[edit]

Very broad outlines of topic domains and topics with substantial progress during the decade not yet included above with a Further information: link:



Economic events and economics[edit]

General topics

New releases[edit]

To display all pages, subcategories and images click on the "►":
2020s software(9 C)
2020s robots(2 C, 1 P)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gasparini, Allison (March 14, 2023). "A trick inspired by Hansel and Gretel could help rovers explore other worlds". Science News. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  2. ^ Fink, Wolfgang; Fuhrman, Connor; Nuncio Zuniga, Andres; Tarbell, Mark (February 11, 2023). "A Hansel & Gretel Breadcrumb-Style Dynamically Deployed Communication Network Paradigm using Mesh Topology for Planetary Subsurface Exploration". Advances in Space Research. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2023.02.012. ISSN 0273-1177. S2CID 256818650.
  3. ^ Yirka, Bob. "Android phones sold to customers in China found to be loaded with apps that send user data to third parties". techxplore.com.
  4. ^ Liu, Haoyu; Leith, Douglas J.; Patras, Paul (February 3, 2023). "Android OS Privacy Under the Loupe -- A Tale from the East". arXiv:2302.01890 [cs.CR].
  5. ^ Hoffmann, Stefan A.; Diggans, James; Densmore, Douglas; Dai, Junbiao; Knight, Tom; Leproust, Emily; Boeke, Jef D.; Wheeler, Nicole; Cai, Yizhi (March 17, 2023). "Safety by design: Biosafety and biosecurity in the age of synthetic genomics". iScience. 26 (3): 106165. Bibcode:2023iSci...26j6165H. doi:10.1016/j.isci.2023.106165. ISSN 2589-0042. PMC 9988571. PMID 36895643.
  6. ^ a b c Räsänen, Joona (February 2023). "Sexual loneliness: A neglected public health problem?". Bioethics. 37 (2): 101–102. doi:10.1111/bioe.13134. ISSN 0269-9702. PMID 36662712. S2CID 256031783.
  7. ^ "What it's like to be a man in the top 0.01 per cent on dating apps". The Independent. February 21, 2023. Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  8. ^ Mann, Denise. "Looking for love on V-day? All that swiping may not help". phys.org. Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  9. ^ Thomas, Marina F.; Binder, Alice; Stevic, Anja; Matthes, Jörg (March 1, 2023). "99 + matches but a spark ain't one: Adverse psychological effects of excessive swiping on dating apps". Telematics and Informatics. 78: 101949. doi:10.1016/j.tele.2023.101949. ISSN 0736-5853.
  10. ^ Sears, Richard (March 21, 2023). "Mental Health Awareness Campaigns May Actually Lead to Increases in Mental Distress". Mad In America. Retrieved April 22, 2023.
  11. ^ Foulkes, Lucy; Andrews, Jack L. (April 1, 2023). "Are mental health awareness efforts contributing to the rise in reported mental health problems? A call to test the prevalence inflation hypothesis". New Ideas in Psychology. 69: 101010. doi:10.1016/j.newideapsych.2023.101010. ISSN 0732-118X. S2CID 256776819.
  12. ^ Fogel, Sam. "I Got Investigated by the Secret Service. Here's How to Not Be Me". Wired. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  13. ^ "VPNalyzer: Systematic Investigation of the VPN Ecosystem" (PDF). Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  14. ^ Fong, Meiling; Arsel, Zeynep. "Protecting privacy online begins with tackling 'digital resignation,' say researchers". techxplore.com.
  15. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (March 31, 2023). "Twitter reveals some of its source code, including its recommendation algorithm". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  16. ^ Geurkink, Brandi. "Twitter's Open Source Algorithm Is a Red Herring". Wired. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  17. ^ Clark, Mitchell. "Twitter takes its algorithm 'open-source,' as Elon Musk promised". The Verge. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  18. ^ Willingham, A. J. (February 3, 2023). "Why Twitter users are upset about the platform's latest change | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  19. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (April 18, 2023). "Reddit will begin charging for access to its API". TechCrunch. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  20. ^ "Twitter pulls check mark from main New York Times account". The Associated Press via techxplore.com. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  21. ^ "Parts of Twitter source code leaked online, court filing shows". Reuters. March 27, 2023. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  22. ^ Duffy, Clare (April 12, 2023). "NPR and PBS stop using Twitter after receiving 'government funded media' label | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  23. ^ "NPR quits Twitter after being falsely labeled as 'state-affiliated media'". NPR. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  24. ^ a b Bubeck, Sébastien; Chandrasekaran, Varun; Eldan, Ronen; Gehrke, Johannes; Horvitz, Eric; Kamar, Ece; Lee, Peter; Lee, Yin Tat; Li, Yuanzhi; Lundberg, Scott; Nori, Harsha; Palangi, Hamid; Ribeiro, Marco Tulio; Zhang, Yi (April 13, 2023). "Sparks of Artificial General Intelligence: Early experiments with GPT-4". arXiv:2303.12712 [cs.CL].
  25. ^ "Google's AI is best yet at answering medical and health questions". New Scientist. Archived from the original on January 25, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  26. ^ Papadopoulos, Loukia (January 4, 2023). "Google and DeepMind just launched MedPaLM, a large language model". interestingengineering.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  27. ^ Singhal, Karan; Azizi, Shekoofeh; Tu, Tao; Mahdavi, S. Sara; Wei, Jason; Chung, Hyung Won; Scales, Nathan; Tanwani, Ajay; Cole-Lewis, Heather; Pfohl, Stephen; Payne, Perry; Seneviratne, Martin; Gamble, Paul; Kelly, Chris; Scharli, Nathaneal; Chowdhery, Aakanksha; Mansfield, Philip; Arcas, Blaise Aguera y; Webster, Dale; Corrado, Greg S.; Matias, Yossi; Chou, Katherine; Gottweis, Juraj; Tomasev, Nenad; Liu, Yun; Rajkomar, Alvin; Barral, Joelle; Semturs, Christopher; Karthikesalingam, Alan; Natarajan, Vivek (December 26, 2022). "Large Language Models Encode Clinical Knowledge". arXiv:2212.13138 [cs.CL].
  28. ^ Langford, Aisha T.; Roberts, Timothy; Gupta, Jaytin; Orellana, Kerli T.; Loeb, Stacy (May 2020). "Impact of the Internet on Patient-Physician Communication". European Urology Focus. 6 (3): 440–444. doi:10.1016/j.euf.2019.09.012. PMID 31582312. S2CID 203660703.
  29. ^ Tan, Sharon Swee-Lin; Goonawardene, Nadee (January 19, 2017). "Internet Health Information Seeking and the Patient-Physician Relationship: A Systematic Review". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 19 (1): e9. doi:10.2196/jmir.5729. PMC 5290294. PMID 28104579.
  30. ^ Ramsey, Imogen; Corsini, Nadia; Peters, Micah D.J.; Eckert, Marion (September 2017). "A rapid review of consumer health information needs and preferences". Patient Education and Counseling. 100 (9): 1634–1642. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2017.04.005. PMID 28442155.
  31. ^ Boyer, Cé Gaudinat, Arnaud; Hanbury, Allan; Appel, Ron D.; Ball, Marion J.; Carpentier, Michel; van Bemmel, Jan H.; Bergmans, Jean-Paul; Hochstrasser, Denis; Lindberg, Donald; Miller, Randolph; Peterschmitt, Jean-Claude; Safran, Charles; Thonnet, Michè Hler, Antoine (2017). "Accessing Reliable Health Information on the Web: A Review of the HON Approach". MEDINFO 2017: Precision Healthcare Through Informatics. 245: 1004–1008. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-830-3-1004. PMID 29295252.
  32. ^ a b Gonchar, Michael; Engle, Jeremy (October 26, 2020). "Should Media Literacy Be a Required Course in School?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 7, 2022. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  33. ^ a b Pangrazio, Luci; Godhe, Anna-Lena; Ledesma, Alejo González López (November 2020). "What is digital literacy? A comparative review of publications across three language contexts". E-Learning and Digital Media. 17 (6): 442–459. doi:10.1177/2042753020946291. S2CID 223518782.
  34. ^ Bugeja, Michael. "Opinion: Our schools need digital literacy as machine learning, artificial intelligence expand". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on February 19, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  35. ^ a b Lancet, The (November 12, 2022). "Why is health literacy failing so many?". The Lancet. 400 (10364): 1655. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(22)02301-7. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 36366878. S2CID 253457427.
  36. ^ "Google's Muse model could be the next big thing for generative AI". VentureBeat. January 13, 2023. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  37. ^ Chang, Huiwen; Zhang, Han; Barber, Jarred; Maschinot, A. J.; Lezama, Jose; Jiang, Lu; Yang, Ming-Hsuan; Murphy, Kevin; Freeman, William T.; Rubinstein, Michael; Li, Yuanzhen; Krishnan, Dilip (January 2, 2023). "Muse: Text-To-Image Generation via Masked Generative Transformers". arXiv:2301.00704 [cs.CV].
  38. ^ Insinna, Valerie (January 4, 2023). "Inside the special F-16 the Air Force is using to test out AI". Breaking Defense. Archived from the original on February 9, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  39. ^ Gitlin, Jonathan M. (February 14, 2023). "The US Air Force successfully tested this AI-controlled jet fighter". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on February 16, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  40. ^ "Fully autonomous F-16 fighter jet takes part in simulated dogfights". New Scientist. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  41. ^ Paleja, Ameya (January 10, 2023). "Microsoft unveils VALL-E, a text-to-speech AI that can be trained in just 3 seconds". interestingengineering.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  42. ^ Wang, Chengyi; Chen, Sanyuan; Wu, Yu; Zhang, Ziqiang; Zhou, Long; Liu, Shujie; Chen, Zhuo; Liu, Yanqing; Wang, Huaming; Li, Jinyu; He, Lei; Zhao, Sheng; Wei, Furu (January 5, 2023). "Neural Codec Language Models are Zero-Shot Text to Speech Synthesizers". arXiv:2301.02111 [cs.CL].
  43. ^ Saha, Shritama (January 12, 2023). "DeepMind Unleashes DreamerV3, A Multi-Domain World Model". Analytics India Magazine. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  44. ^ Hafner, Danijar; Pasukonis, Jurgis; Ba, Jimmy; Lillicrap, Timothy (January 10, 2023). "Mastering Diverse Domains through World Models". arXiv:2301.04104 [cs.AI].
  45. ^ Lowe, Derek. "Making Up Proteins". Science. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  46. ^ Madani, Ali; Krause, Ben; Greene, Eric R.; Subramanian, Subu; Mohr, Benjamin P.; Holton, James M.; Olmos, Jose Luis; Xiong, Caiming; Sun, Zachary Z.; Socher, Richard; Fraser, James S.; Naik, Nikhil (January 26, 2023). "Large language models generate functional protein sequences across diverse families". Nature Biotechnology: 1–8. doi:10.1038/s41587-022-01618-2. ISSN 1546-1696. PMID 36702895. S2CID 256304602.
  47. ^ McFadden, Christopher (January 26, 2023). "A new AI-powered gene-editing technique could be set to replace CRISPR". interestingengineering.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  48. ^ Ichikawa, David M.; Abdin, Osama; Alerasool, Nader; Kogenaru, Manjunatha; Mueller, April L.; Wen, Han; Giganti, David O.; Goldberg, Gregory W.; Adams, Samantha; Spencer, Jeffrey M.; Razavi, Rozita; Nim, Satra; Zheng, Hong; Gionco, Courtney; Clark, Finnegan T.; Strokach, Alexey; Hughes, Timothy R.; Lionnet, Timothee; Taipale, Mikko; Kim, Philip M.; Noyes, Marcus B. (January 26, 2023). "A universal deep-learning model for zinc finger design enables transcription factor reprogramming". Nature Biotechnology: 1–13. doi:10.1038/s41587-022-01624-4. ISSN 1546-1696. PMID 36702896.
  49. ^ Saha, Shritama (February 8, 2023). "Give a Prompt, Make a Video". Analytics India Magazine. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  50. ^ Singer, Uriel; Sheynin, Shelly; Polyak, Adam; Ashual, Oron; Makarov, Iurii; Kokkinos, Filippos; Goyal, Naman; Vedaldi, Andrea; Parikh, Devi; Johnson, Justin; Taigman, Yaniv (January 26, 2023). "Text-To-4D Dynamic Scene Generation". arXiv:2301.11280 [cs.CV].
  51. ^ Young, Chris (January 31, 2023). "AI algorithm pinpoints 8 radio signals that may have come from aliens". interestingengineering.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  52. ^ Ma, Peter Xiangyuan; Ng, Cherry; Rizk, Leandro; Croft, Steve; Siemion, Andrew P. V.; Brzycki, Bryan; Czech, Daniel; Drew, Jamie; Gajjar, Vishal; Hoang, John; Isaacson, Howard; Lebofsky, Matt; MacMahon, David H. E.; de Pater, Imke; Price, Danny C.; Sheikh, Sofia Z.; Worden, S. Pete (January 30, 2023). "A deep-learning search for technosignatures from 820 nearby stars". Nature Astronomy. 7: 492. arXiv:2301.12670. Bibcode:2023NatAs...7..492M. doi:10.1038/s41550-022-01872-z. ISSN 2397-3366. S2CID 256389424.
  53. ^ "ChatGPT und andere Sprachmodelle – zwischen Hype und Kontroverse". www.sciencemediacenter.de. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  54. ^ "ChatGPT is 'not particularly innovative,' and 'nothing revolutionary', says Meta's chief AI scientist". ZDNET. Archived from the original on February 17, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  55. ^ Shen, Yiqiu; Heacock, Laura; Elias, Jonathan; Hentel, Keith D.; Reig, Beatriu; Shih, George; Moy, Linda (January 26, 2023). "ChatGPT and Other Large Language Models Are Double-edged Swords". Radiology. 307 (2): 230163. doi:10.1148/radiol.230163. ISSN 0033-8419. PMID 36700838. S2CID 256272939.
  56. ^ "ChatGPT: Bullshit spewer or the end of traditional assessments in higher education?". Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching. 6 (1). January 25, 2023. doi:10.37074/jalt.2023.6.1.9. S2CID 256288636.
  57. ^ Kelly, Samantha Murphy (December 5, 2022). "This AI chatbot is dominating social media with its frighteningly good essays | CNN Business". CNN. Archived from the original on February 17, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  58. ^ "What is ChatGPT and why does it matter? Here's everything you need to know". ZDNET. Archived from the original on February 15, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  59. ^ Villasenor, John. "How ChatGPT Can Improve Education, Not Threaten it". Scientific American. Archived from the original on February 17, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  60. ^ "Analysis | Bing Trouble: Google, OpenAI Are Opening Up Pandora's Bots". Washington Post. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  61. ^ Hsu, Tiffany; Thompson, Stuart A. (February 8, 2023). "Disinformation Researchers Raise Alarms About A.I. Chatbots". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  62. ^ Ruzich, Dan (February 14, 2023). "CU Denver Panel Discusses the Role of ChatGPT in Higher Education -". CU Denver News. Archived from the original on February 18, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  63. ^ Clark, Peter Allen (February 17, 2023). "Cybersecurity experts see uses and abuses in new wave of AI tech". Axios. Archived from the original on February 17, 2023. Retrieved February 18, 2023.
  64. ^ Knight, Will. "Should Algorithms Control Nuclear Launch Codes? The US Says No". Wired. Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  65. ^ "US issues declaration on responsible use of AI in the military". Reuters. February 16, 2023. Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  66. ^ "Political Declaration on Responsible Military Use of Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy". U.S. Department of State – Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance. February 16, 2023. Retrieved March 27, 2023.
  67. ^ Sterling, Toby (February 16, 2023). "U.S., China, other nations urge 'responsible' use of military AI". Reuters. Retrieved April 1, 2023.
  68. ^ "'It's perfect': World's first generative AI-designed COVID drug to start clinical trials". The Star. February 23, 2023. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
  69. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (March 14, 2023). "OpenAI releases GPT-4, a multimodal AI that it claims is state-of-the-art". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  70. ^ "GPT-4". OpenAI. March 14, 2023. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
  71. ^ Ahmed, Nur; Wahed, Muntasir; Thompson, Neil C. (2023). "The growing influence of industry in AI research" (PDF). Science. 379 (6635): 884–886. Bibcode:2023Sci...379..884A. doi:10.1126/science.ade2420. PMID 36862769. S2CID 257283258.
  72. ^ "Google's PaLM-E is a generalist robot brain that takes commands". Ars Technica. March 7, 2023. Retrieved March 9, 2023.
  73. ^ "PaLM-E: An Embodied Multimodal Language Model". Github. March 7, 2023. Retrieved March 9, 2023. arXiv:2303.03378
  74. ^ Dastin, Jeffrey (March 21, 2023). "Google begins opening access to its ChatGPT competitor Bard". Reuters. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  75. ^ "Google Bard can now help write software code". Reuters. April 21, 2023. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  76. ^ "DuckDuckGo launches DuckAssist: a new feature that generates natural language answers to search queries using Wikipedia". Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  77. ^ Lomas, Natasha (March 8, 2023). "DuckDuckGo dabbles with AI search". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  78. ^ Roth, Emma (March 8, 2023). "DuckDuckGo's building AI-generated answers into its search engine". The Verge. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  79. ^ Bello, Camille (April 1, 2023). "These AI tools could help boost your academic research". euronews. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  80. ^ "AI literacy might be ChatGPT's biggest lesson for schools". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  81. ^ Hillier, Mathew (February 20, 2023). "Why does ChatGPT generate fake references?". TECHE. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  82. ^ Bello, Camille (May 8, 2023). "These AI tools could help boost your academic research". euronews. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  83. ^ Gao, Kyle; Gao, Yina; He, Hongjie; Lu, Dening; Xu, Linlin; Li, Jonathan (December 18, 2022). "NeRF: Neural Radiance Field in 3D Vision, A Comprehensive Review". arXiv:2210.00379 [cs.CV].
  84. ^ "UC Berkeley's Instruct-NeRF2NeRF Edits 3D Scenes With Text Instructions | Synced". syncedreview.com. April 11, 2023. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  85. ^ Haque, Ayaan; Tancik, Matthew; Efros, Alexei A.; Holynski, Aleksander; Kanazawa, Angjoo (March 22, 2023). "Instruct-NeRF2NeRF: Editing 3D Scenes with Instructions". arXiv:2303.12789 [cs.CV].
  86. ^ "Musk, scientists call for halt to AI race sparked by ChatGPT". AP NEWS. March 29, 2023. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  87. ^ "Pause Giant AI Experiments: An Open Letter". Future of Life Institute. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  88. ^ Knight, Will. "Some Glimpse AGI in ChatGPT. Others Call It a Mirage". Wired. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  89. ^ VK, Anirudh (April 13, 2023). "LLMs Can Now Self-Debug. Should Developers Be Worried?". Analytics India Magazine. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  90. ^ Lanese, Nicoletta (January 12, 2023). "New 'thought-controlled' device reads brain activity through the jugular". livescience.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2023. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  91. ^ Mitchell, Peter; Lee, Sarah C. M.; Yoo, Peter E.; Morokoff, Andrew; Sharma, Rahul P.; Williams, Daryl L.; MacIsaac, Christopher; Howard, Mark E.; Irving, Lou; Vrljic, Ivan; Williams, Cameron; Bush, Steven; Balabanski, Anna H.; Drummond, Katharine J.; Desmond, Patricia; Weber, Douglas; Denison, Timothy; Mathers, Susan; O’Brien, Terence J.; Mocco, J.; Grayden, David B.; Liebeskind, David S.; Opie, Nicholas L.; Oxley, Thomas J.; Campbell, Bruce C. V. (January 9, 2023). "Assessment of Safety of a Fully Implanted Endovascular Brain-Computer Interface for Severe Paralysis in 4 Patients: The Stentrode With Thought-Controlled Digital Switch (SWITCH) Study". JAMA Neurology. 80 (3): 270–278. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2022.4847. ISSN 2168-6149. PMC 9857731. PMID 36622685. S2CID 255545643.
  92. ^ "Israeli scientists develop sniffing robot with locust antennae". Reuters. February 7, 2023. Retrieved March 28, 2023.
  93. ^ Neta, Shvil; Ariel, Golan; Yossi, Yovel; Amir, Ayali; Ben, Maoz M. (February 1, 2023). "The Locust antenna as an odor discriminator". Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 221: 114919. doi:10.1016/j.bios.2022.114919. ISSN 0956-5663. PMID 36446198. S2CID 253790885.
  94. ^ Strickland, Ashley. "Move over, artificial intelligence. Scientists announce a new 'organoid intelligence' field". CNN. Retrieved March 25, 2023.
  95. ^ Smirnova, Lena; Caffo, Brian S.; Gracias, David H.; Huang, Qi; Morales Pantoja, Itzy E.; Tang, Bohao; Zack, Donald J.; Berlinicke, Cynthia A.; Boyd, J. Lomax; Harris, Timothy D.; Johnson, Erik C.; Kagan, Brett J.; Kahn, Jeffrey; Muotri, Alysson R.; Paulhamus, Barton L.; Schwamborn, Jens C.; Plotkin, Jesse; Szalay, Alexander S.; Vogelstein, Joshua T.; Worley, Paul F.; Hartung, Thomas (February 28, 2023). "Organoid intelligence (OI): the new frontier in biocomputing and intelligence-in-a-dish". Frontiers in Science. 1: 1017235. doi:10.3389/fsci.2023.1017235. ISSN 2813-6330.
  96. ^ "Human brain cells used as living AIs to solve mathematical equations". New Scientist. Retrieved April 18, 2023.
  97. ^ Cai, Hongwei; Ao, Zheng; Tian, Chunhui; Wu, Zhuhao; Liu, Hongcheng; Tchieu, Jason; Gu, Mingxia; Mackie, Ken; Guo, Feng (March 1, 2023). "Brain Organoid Computing for Artificial Intelligence". BioRxiv: The Preprint Server for Biology: 2023.02.28.530502. doi:10.1101/2023.02.28.530502. PMC 10002682. PMID 36909615. Retrieved April 18, 2023.
  98. ^ "Auf dem Weg in die Matrix: Mikroboboter loggt sich in neuronale Netzwerke ein | MDR.DE". MDR (in German). Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  99. ^ Kim, Eunhee; Jeon, Sungwoong; Yang, Yoon‐Sil; Jin, Chaewon; Kim, Jin‐young; Oh, Yong‐Seok; Rah, Jong‐Cheol; Choi, Hongsoo (March 2023). "A Neurospheroid‐Based Microrobot for Targeted Neural Connections in a Hippocampal Slice". Advanced Materials. 35 (13): 2208747. doi:10.1002/adma.202208747. ISSN 0935-9648. PMID 36640750. S2CID 257774877.
  100. ^ Dixit, Mrigakshi (March 29, 2023). "New fuel cell implant can help manage type-1 diabetes". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  101. ^ Maity, Debasis; Guha Ray, Preetam; Buchmann, Peter; Mansouri, Maysam; Fussenegger, Martin (March 28, 2023). "Blood‐Glucose‐Powered Metabolic Fuel Cell for Self‐Sufficient Bioelectronics". Advanced Materials. 35 (21): 2300890. doi:10.1002/adma.202300890. ISSN 0935-9648. PMID 36893359.
  102. ^ Verma, Kavita (March 17, 2023). "MIT researchers create a novel low-cost and portable air pollution sensor". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  103. ^ Wang, An; Machida, Yuki; deSouza, Priyanka; Mora, Simone; Duhl, Tiffany; Hudda, Neelakshi; Durant, John L.; Duarte, Fábio; Ratti, Carlo (May 15, 2023). "Leveraging machine learning algorithms to advance low-cost air sensor calibration in stationary and mobile settings". Atmospheric Environment. 301: 119692. Bibcode:2023AtmEn.30119692W. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2023.119692. ISSN 1352-2310. S2CID 257295277.
  104. ^ "Robot performs first laparoscopic surgery without human help". Johns Hopkins University. January 26, 2022. Archived from the original on January 26, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  105. ^ Saeidi, H.; Opfermann, J. D.; Kam, M.; Wei, S.; Leonard, S.; Hsieh, M. H.; Kang, J. U.; Krieger, A. (January 26, 2022). "Autonomous robotic laparoscopic surgery for intestinal anastomosis". Science Robotics. 7 (62): eabj2908. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abj2908. PMC 8992572. PMID 35080901. S2CID 246296673.
  106. ^ a b Roper, Katherine; Abdel-Rehim, A.; Hubbard, Sonya; Carpenter, Martin; Rzhetsky, Andrey; Soldatova, Larisa; King, Ross D. (2022). "Testing the reproducibility and robustness of the cancer biology literature by robot". Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 19 (189): 20210821. doi:10.1098/rsif.2021.0821. PMC 8984295. PMID 35382578.
  107. ^ "'Robot scientist' Eve finds that less than one-third of scientific results are reproducible". University of Cambridge. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  108. ^ Yirka, Bob. "Open-source and open hardware autonomous quadrotor flies fast and avoids obstacles". techxplore.com. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  109. ^ Foehn, Philipp; Kaufmann, Elia; Romero, Angel; Penicka, Robert; Sun, Sihao; Bauersfeld, Leonard; Laengle, Thomas; Cioffi, Giovanni; Song, Yunlong; Loquercio, Antonio; Scaramuzza, Davide (June 22, 2022). "Agilicious: Open-source and open-hardware agile quadrotor for vision-based flight". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabl6259. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abl6259. PMID 35731886. S2CID 249955269.
  110. ^ Verrengia, Giordana. "Open-source software gives a leg up to robot research". Carnegie Mellon University Mechanical Engineering via techxplore.com. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  111. ^ "Video Friday: Grip Anything". IEEE Spectrum. July 29, 2022. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  112. ^ Norby, Joseph; Yang, Yanhao; Tajbakhsh, Ardalan; Ren, Jiming; Yim, Justin K.; Stutt, Alexandra; Yu, Qishun; Flowers, Nikolai; Johnson, Aaron M. (May 2022). "Quad-SDK: Full Stack Software Framework for Agile Quadrupedal Locomotion" (PDF). Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  113. ^ Osborne, Margaret. "A Ukrainian Teenager Invents a Drone That Can Detect Land Mines". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  114. ^ Kramer, Andrew E.; Guttenfelder, David (August 10, 2022). "From the Workshop to the War: Creative Use of Drones Lifts Ukraine". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  115. ^ a b Fogel, Benjamin (August 22, 2022). "Will the Drone War Come Home? Ukraine and the Weaponization of Commercial Drones". Modern War Institute. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  116. ^ "Drone Hackathon was launched to develop new solutions in the field of military technology. - Div Bracket". Divbracket.com. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  117. ^ "New technological solutions for the army: the Ministry of Digital Transformation has launched a Drone Hackathon in military-tech sector". Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  118. ^ a b Koizumi, Yu (September 26, 2022). "Does the conflict in Ukraine represent a 'new war'?". The Japan Times.
  119. ^ Axe, David. "Ukraine's $10,000 Drones Are Dropping Tiny Bombs On Russian Troops". Forbes. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  120. ^ South, Todd (September 21, 2022). "Use us for combat zone tests, Ukraine minister tells US war industry". Military Times. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  121. ^ "How the Ukraine drone war is changing the game on the battlefield". New Atlas. September 23, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  122. ^ "New data transmission record set using a single laser and a single optical chip". Phys.org. October 23, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
  123. ^ "New data transmission record". Technical University of Denmark. October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
  124. ^ a b Papadopoulos, Loukia (October 21, 2022). "This new farming robot uses lasers to kill 200,000 weeds per hour". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  125. ^ "Verdant Robotics launches multi-action agricultural robot for 'superhuman farming'". Robotics & Automation News. February 23, 2022. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  126. ^ "Small Robot Company Tom, Dick, and Harry farm robots: The 200 Best Inventions of 2022". Time. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
  127. ^ ""SuperGPS" ditches satellites for radio towers for cm-scale tracking". New Atlas. November 17, 2022. Retrieved December 17, 2022.
  128. ^ Koelemeij, Jeroen C. J.; Dun, Han; Diouf, Cherif E. V.; Dierikx, Erik F.; Janssen, Gerard J. M.; Tiberius, Christian C. J. M. (November 2022). "A hybrid optical–wireless network for decimetre-level terrestrial positioning". Nature. 611 (7936): 473–478. arXiv:2305.14796. Bibcode:2022Natur.611..473K. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-05315-7. hdl:1871.1/83f83acb-b4fd-4c6f-ad01-84986e18f9bf. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 36385540. S2CID 253555248.
  129. ^ "Impossible Metals demonstrates its super-careful seabed mining robot". New Atlas. December 8, 2022. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  130. ^ "The online information environment" (PDF). Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  131. ^ Guy, Jack. "DNA reveals biggest-ever human family tree, dating back 100,000 years". CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
  132. ^ Wong, Yan; Wohns, Anthony Wilder. "We're analysing DNA from ancient and modern humans to create a 'family tree of everyone'". Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  133. ^ Wohns, Anthony Wilder; Wong, Yan; Jeffery, Ben; Akbari, Ali; Mallick, Swapan; Pinhasi, Ron; Patterson, Nick; Reich, David; Kelleher, Jerome; McVean, Gil (February 25, 2022). "A unified genealogy of modern and ancient genomes". Science. 375 (6583): eabi8264. bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.02.16.431497v2. doi:10.1126/science.abi8264. ISSN 0036-8075. PMC 10027547. PMID 35201891. S2CID 247106458.
  134. ^ "Scientists create a global repository for cell engineering". Newcastle University via phys.org. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  135. ^ Tellechea-Luzardo, Jonathan; Hobbs, Leanne; Velázquez, Elena; Pelechova, Lenka; Woods, Simon; de Lorenzo, Víctor; Krasnogor, Natalio (February 9, 2022). "Versioning biological cells for trustworthy cell engineering". Nature Communications. 13 (1): 765. Bibcode:2022NatCo..13..765T. doi:10.1038/s41467-022-28350-4. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 8828774. PMID 35140226.
  136. ^ "Machine-learning models vulnerable to undetectable backdoors". The Register. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  137. ^ "Undetectable Backdoors Plantable In Any Machine-Learning Algorithm". IEEE Spectrum. May 10, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  138. ^ Goldwasser, Shafi; Kim, Michael P.; Vaikuntanathan, Vinod; Zamir, Or (April 14, 2022). "Planting Undetectable Backdoors in Machine Learning Models". arXiv:2204.06974 [cs.LG].
  139. ^ Yirka, Bob. "A computer system that analyzes chemical waste and proposes ways to make new products from it". phys.org. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  140. ^ Wołos, Agnieszka; Koszelewski, Dominik; Roszak, Rafał; Szymkuć, Sara; Moskal, Martyna; Ostaszewski, Ryszard; Herrera, Brenden T.; Maier, Josef M.; Brezicki, Gordon; Samuel, Jonathon; Lummiss, Justin A. M.; McQuade, D. Tyler; Rogers, Luke; Grzybowski, Bartosz A. (April 2022). "Computer-designed repurposing of chemical wastes into drugs". Nature. 604 (7907): 668–676. Bibcode:2022Natur.604..668W. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04503-9. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35478240. S2CID 248415772.
  141. ^ Frost, Rosie (May 9, 2022). "Plastic waste can now be found and monitored from space". euronews. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  142. ^ "Global Plastic Watch". www.globalplasticwatch.org. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  143. ^ a b Sauce, Bruno; Liebherr, Magnus; Judd, Nicholas; Klingberg, Torkel (May 11, 2022). "The impact of digital media on children's intelligence while controlling for genetic differences in cognition and socioeconomic background". Scientific Reports. 12 (1): 7720. Bibcode:2022NatSR..12.7720S. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-11341-2. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 9095723. PMID 35545630.
  144. ^ "Video games can boost children's intelligence: study". Karolinska Institutet. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  145. ^ Best, Jo (May 3, 2022). "From Ukraine to remote robotics: how videoconferencing and next generation technology are transforming surgery". BMJ. 377: o1078. doi:10.1136/bmj.o1078. PMID 35504650. S2CID 248497139. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  146. ^ Garner, Ian (May 9, 2022). ""We've Got to Kill Them": Responses to Bucha on Russian Social Media Groups". Journal of Genocide Research: 1–8. doi:10.1080/14623528.2022.2074020. S2CID 248680376.
  147. ^ "In Ukraine war, a race to acquire smarter, deadlier drones". AP NEWS. July 14, 2022. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  148. ^ Pearson, James; Bing, Christopher (May 10, 2022). "The cyber war between Ukraine and Russia: An overview". Reuters. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  149. ^ Robertson, Nic. "Analysis: Drones, phones and satellites are exposing the truth about Russia's war in Ukraine in near real-time". CNN. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  150. ^ "Instead of consumer software, Ukraine's tech workers build apps of war". Washington Post. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  151. ^ "scienceforukraine". scienceforukraine.eu. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  152. ^ Gaind, Nisha; Else, Holly; Roussi, Antoaneta (March 2, 2022). "'I thought I had forgotten this horror': Ukrainian scientists stand in defiance". Nature. 603 (7900): 210–211. Bibcode:2022Natur.603..210G. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00621-6. PMID 35236954. S2CID 247219578.
  153. ^ "Single MRI scan of the brain could detect Alzheimer's disease". Physics World. July 13, 2022. Retrieved July 19, 2022.
  154. ^ Inglese, Marianna; Patel, Neva; Linton-Reid, Kristofer; Loreto, Flavia; Win, Zarni; Perry, Richard J.; Carswell, Christopher; Grech-Sollars, Matthew; Crum, William R.; Lu, Haonan; Malhotra, Paresh A.; Aboagye, Eric O. (June 20, 2022). "A predictive model using the mesoscopic architecture of the living brain to detect Alzheimer's disease". Communications Medicine. 2 (1): 70. doi:10.1038/s43856-022-00133-4. ISSN 2730-664X. PMC 9209493. PMID 35759330.
  155. ^ Ansari, Tasmia (September 13, 2022). "GitHub Is Part of Creator Economy, Just That It Won't Pay". Analytics India Magazine. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  156. ^ Shimada, Naomichi; Xiao, Tao; Hata, Hideaki; Treude, Christoph; Matsumoto, Kenichi (May 2022). "GitHub Sponsors: Exploring a New Way to Contribute to Open Source". 2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE): 1058–1069. doi:10.1145/3510003.3510116. S2CID 246822794.
  157. ^ Hanley, Steve (July 4, 2022). "Latest Project Drawdown Update Adds 11 New Ways To Stop Global Heating". CleanTechnica. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  158. ^ "Project Drawdown updates world's leading set of climate solutions—adding 11 new solutions for addressing the climate crisis". Project Drawdown. June 24, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  159. ^ Gorman, Miranda R.; Dzombak, David A.; Frischmann, Chad (September 1, 2022). "Potential global GHG emissions reduction from increased adoption of metals recycling". Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 184: 106424. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2022.106424. ISSN 0921-3449. S2CID 249321004.
  160. ^ Harvey, George (July 4, 2022). "We Can Have (Just About) Everything We Want For Energy & The Climate". CleanTechnica. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  161. ^ Jacobson, Mark Z.; Krauland, Anna-Katharina von; Coughlin, Stephen J.; Dukas, Emily; Nelson, Alexander J. H.; Palmer, Frances C.; Rasmussen, Kylie R. (June 28, 2022). "Low-cost solutions to global warming, air pollution, and energy insecurity for 145 countries" (PDF). Energy & Environmental Science. 15 (8): 3343–3359. doi:10.1039/D2EE00722C. ISSN 1754-5706. S2CID 250126767.
  162. ^ "DeepMind AI learns physics by watching videos that don't make sense". New Scientist. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  163. ^ Piloto, Luis S.; Weinstein, Ari; Battaglia, Peter; Botvinick, Matthew (July 11, 2022). "Intuitive physics learning in a deep-learning model inspired by developmental psychology". Nature Human Behaviour. 6 (9): 1257–1267. doi:10.1038/s41562-022-01394-8. ISSN 2397-3374. PMC 9489531. PMID 35817932.
  164. ^ Feldman, Andrey (August 11, 2022). "Artificial physicist to unravel the laws of nature". Advanced Science News. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  165. ^ Chen, Boyuan; Huang, Kuang; Raghupathi, Sunand; Chandratreya, Ishaan; Du, Qiang; Lipson, Hod (July 2022). "Automated discovery of fundamental variables hidden in experimental data". Nature Computational Science. 2 (7): 433–442. doi:10.1038/s43588-022-00281-6. ISSN 2662-8457. S2CID 251087119.
  166. ^ "Biologists train AI to generate medicines and vaccines". University of Washington-Harborview Medical Center.
  167. ^ Wang, Jue; Lisanza, Sidney; Juergens, David; Tischer, Doug; Watson, Joseph L.; Castro, Karla M.; Ragotte, Robert; Saragovi, Amijai; Milles, Lukas F.; Baek, Minkyung; Anishchenko, Ivan; Yang, Wei; Hicks, Derrick R.; Expòsit, Marc; Schlichthaerle, Thomas; Chun, Jung-Ho; Dauparas, Justas; Bennett, Nathaniel; Wicky, Basile I. M.; Muenks, Andrew; DiMaio, Frank; Correia, Bruno; Ovchinnikov, Sergey; Baker, David (July 22, 2022). "Scaffolding protein functional sites using deep learning" (PDF). Science. 377 (6604): 387–394. Bibcode:2022Sci...377..387W. doi:10.1126/science.abn2100. ISSN 0036-8075. PMC 9621694. PMID 35862514. S2CID 250953434.
  168. ^ "DeepMind uncovers structure of 200m proteins in scientific leap forward". The Guardian. July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  169. ^ "AlphaFold reveals the structure of the protein universe". DeepMind. July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  170. ^ Quach, Katyanna. "Harvard boffins build multimodal AI system to predict cancer". The Register. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  171. ^ Chen, Richard J.; Lu, Ming Y.; Williamson, Drew F. K.; Chen, Tiffany Y.; Lipkova, Jana; Noor, Zahra; Shaban, Muhammad; Shady, Maha; Williams, Mane; Joo, Bumjin; Mahmood, Faisal (August 8, 2022). "Pan-cancer integrative histology-genomic analysis via multimodal deep learning". Cancer Cell. 40 (8): 865–878.e6. doi:10.1016/j.ccell.2022.07.004. ISSN 1535-6108. PMID 35944502. S2CID 251456162.
  172. ^ Axon, Samuel (August 18, 2022). "For the first time ever, more people watched streaming TV than cable". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  173. ^ "Streaming claims largest piece of TV viewing pie in July". Nielsen. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  174. ^ a b "TikTok can track users' every tap as they visit other sites through iOS app, new research shows". The Guardian. August 24, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  175. ^ a b "iOS Privacy: Announcing InAppBrowser.com - see what JavaScript commands get injected through an in-app browser · Felix Krause". krausefx.com. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  176. ^ Fetzer, Mary. "Automatic device driver isolation protects against bugs in operating systems". Pennsylvania State University via techxplore.com. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  177. ^ Huang, Yongzhe; Narayanan, Vikram; Detweiler, David; Huang, Kaiming; Tan, Gang; Jaeger, Trent; Burtsev, Anton (2022). "KSplit: Automating Device Driver Isolation" (PDF). Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  178. ^ "Fine-grained kernel isolation". mars-research.github.io. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  179. ^ "Google Deepmind Researcher Co-Authors Paper Saying AI Will Eliminate Humanity". Vice. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  180. ^ Cohen, Michael K.; Hutter, Marcus; Osborne, Michael A. (August 29, 2022). "Advanced artificial agents intervene in the provision of reward". AI Magazine. 43 (3): 282–293. doi:10.1002/aaai.12064. ISSN 0738-4602. S2CID 235489158.
  181. ^ "An AI-Generated Artwork Won First Place at a State Fair Fine Arts Competition, and Artists Are Pissed". Vice. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  182. ^ Ocampo, Rodolfo. "AI art is everywhere right now. Even experts don't know what it will mean". techxplore.com. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  183. ^ "As AI-generated art takes off - who really owns it?". Thomson Reuters Foundation. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  184. ^ Edwards, Benj (September 12, 2022). "Flooded with AI-generated images, some art communities ban them completely". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  185. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (August 24, 2022). "Deepfakes: Uncensored AI art model prompts ethics questions". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  186. ^ "AI is reshaping creativity, and maybe that's a good thing". Dazed. August 18, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  187. ^ "AI-generated art illustrates another problem with computers | John Naughton". The Guardian. August 20, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  188. ^ Gal, Rinon; Alaluf, Yuval; Atzmon, Yuval; Patashnik, Or; Bermano, Amit H.; Chechik, Gal; Cohen-Or, Daniel (August 2, 2022). "An Image is Worth One Word: Personalizing Text-to-Image Generation using Textual Inversion". arXiv:2208.01618 [cs.CV].
  189. ^ "DALL-E can now help you imagine what's outside the frame of famous paintings". The Verge. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  190. ^ "Stable Diffusion". CompVis - Machine Vision and Learning LMU Munich. September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  191. ^ a b Edwards, Benj (September 6, 2022). "With Stable Diffusion, you may never believe what you see online again". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  192. ^ "Stable Diffusion Public Release". Stability.Ai. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  193. ^ "Satellites now get full-year view of Arctic sea-ice". BBC News. September 14, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  194. ^ Landy, Jack C.; Dawson, Geoffrey J.; Tsamados, Michel; Bushuk, Mitchell; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Howell, Stephen E. L.; Krumpen, Thomas; Babb, David G.; Komarov, Alexander S.; Heorton, Harry D. B. S.; Belter, H. Jakob; Aksenov, Yevgeny (September 2022). "A year-round satellite sea-ice thickness record from CryoSat-2" (PDF). Nature. 609 (7927): 517–522. Bibcode:2022Natur.609..517L. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-05058-5. hdl:10037/26936. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 36104558. S2CID 252282906.
  195. ^ Tucker, Emma (September 18, 2022). "TikTok's search engine repeatedly delivers misinformation to its majority-young user base, report says | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  196. ^ "Misinformation Monitor: September 2022". NewsGuard. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  197. ^ "Explainer: Understanding Ethereum's major 'proof of stake' upgrade". NBC News. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  198. ^ "Can AI's Recommendations Be Less Insidious?". IEEE Spectrum. October 2, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  199. ^ Carroll, Micah D.; Dragan, Anca; Russell, Stuart; Hadfield-Menell, Dylan (June 28, 2022). "Estimating and Penalizing Induced Preference Shifts in Recommender Systems". International Conference on Machine Learning. PMLR: 2686–2708. arXiv:2204.11966. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  200. ^ "Researchers report genomic profiling from more than 110,000 tumors". News-Medical.net. July 19, 2022. Retrieved November 20, 2022.
  201. ^ Klein, Harry; Mazor, Tali; Siegel, Ethan; Trukhanov, Pavel; Ovalle, Andrea; Vecchio Fitz, Catherine Del; Zwiesler, Zachary; Kumari, Priti; Van Der Veen, Bernd; Marriott, Eric; Hansel, Jason; Yu, Joyce; Albayrak, Adem; Barry, Susan; Keller, Rachel B.; MacConaill, Laura E.; Lindeman, Neal; Johnson, Bruce E.; Rollins, Barrett J.; Do, Khanh T.; Beardslee, Brian; Shapiro, Geoffrey; Hector-Barry, Suzanne; Methot, John; Sholl, Lynette; Lindsay, James; Hassett, Michael J.; Cerami, Ethan (October 6, 2022). "MatchMiner: an open-source platform for cancer precision medicine". NPJ Precision Oncology. 6 (1): 69. doi:10.1038/s41698-022-00312-5. ISSN 2397-768X. PMC 9537311. PMID 36202909.
  202. ^ ""Anna's Archive" Opens the Door to Z-Library and Other Pirate Libraries * TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  203. ^ "'Shadow Libraries' Are Moving Their Pirated Books to The Dark Web After Fed Crackdowns". Vice. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  204. ^ Fadelli, Ingrid. "Study assesses the quality of AI literary translations by comparing them with human translations". techxplore.com. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  205. ^ Thai, Katherine; Karpinska, Marzena; Krishna, Kalpesh; Ray, Bill; Inghilleri, Moira; Wieting, John; Iyyer, Mohit (October 25, 2022). "Exploring Document-Level Literary Machine Translation with Parallel Paragraphs from World Literature". arXiv:2210.14250 [cs.CL].
  206. ^ Cockburn, Harry (November 9, 2022). "Global oil and gas emissions 'up to three times higher than companies claim'". The Independent. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  207. ^ "Emissions Map - Climate TRACE". climatetrace.org. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  208. ^ Ortutay, Barbara. "Twitter drama too much? Mastodon, others emerge as options". techxplore.com. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  209. ^ Urbain, Thomas. "What could a world without Twitter look like?". techxplore.com. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  210. ^ "The best Twitter alternatives". ZDNET. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  211. ^ Zewe, Adam. "Empowering social media users to assess content helps fight misinformation". Massachusetts Institute of Technology via techxplore.com. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  212. ^ Jahanbakhsh, Farnaz; Zhang, Amy X.; Karger, David R. (November 11, 2022). "Leveraging Structured Trusted-Peer Assessments to Combat Misinformation". Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction. 6 (CSCW2): 524:1–524:40. doi:10.1145/3555637.
  213. ^ Jahanbakhsh, Farnaz; Zhang, Amy X.; Karahalios, Karrie; Karger, David R. (November 11, 2022). "Our Browser Extension Lets Readers Change the Headlines on News Articles, and You Won't Believe What They Did!". Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction. 6 (CSCW2): 530:1–530:33. doi:10.1145/3555643.
  214. ^ "New MIT Sloan research measures exposure to misinformation from political elites on Twitter". AP NEWS. November 29, 2022. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  215. ^ Mosleh, Mohsen; Rand, David G. (November 21, 2022). "Measuring exposure to misinformation from political elites on Twitter". Nature Communications. 13 (1): 7144. Bibcode:2022NatCo..13.7144M. doi:10.1038/s41467-022-34769-6. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 9681735. PMID 36414634.
  216. ^ Fadelli, Ingrid. "LaundroGraph: Using deep learning to support anti-money laundering efforts". techxplore.com. Retrieved December 18, 2022.
  217. ^ Cardoso, Mário; Saleiro, Pedro; Bizarro, Pedro (October 26, 2022). "LaundroGraph: Self-Supervised Graph Representation Learning for Anti-Money Laundering". Proceedings of the Third ACM International Conference on AI in Finance. Association for Computing Machinery: 130–138. arXiv:2210.14360. doi:10.1145/3533271.3561727. ISBN 9781450393768. S2CID 253022343.
  218. ^ Patringenaru, Ioana. "New web tracking technique is bypassing privacy protections". University of California-San Diego via techxplore.com. Retrieved January 18, 2023.
  219. ^ Randall, Audrey; Snyder, Peter; Ukani, Alisha; Snoeren, Alex C.; Voelker, Geoffrey M.; Savage, Stefan; Schulman, Aaron (October 25, 2022). "Measuring UID smuggling in the wild". Proceedings of the 22nd ACM Internet Measurement Conference. Association for Computing Machinery: 230–243. doi:10.1145/3517745.3561415. ISBN 9781450392594. S2CID 250494286.
  220. ^ "OpenAI releases Point-E, an AI that generates 3D models". Tech Crunch. December 20, 2022. Retrieved December 20, 2022.
  221. ^ Nichol, Alex; Jun, Heewoo; Dhariwal, Prafulla; Mishkin, Pamela; Chen, Mark (December 16, 2022). "Point-E: A System for Generating 3D Point Clouds from Complex Prompts". arXiv:2212.08751 [cs.CV].
  222. ^ a b "What ChatGPT Could Mean for the Metaverse". Time. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  223. ^ "Rapidly Generate 3D Assets for Virtual Worlds with Generative AI". NVIDIA Technical Blog. January 3, 2023. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  224. ^ Edwards, Benj (November 21, 2022). "3D for everyone? Nvidia's Magic3D can generate 3D models from text". Ars Technica. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  225. ^ "Laser bursts drive fastest-ever logic gates". University of Rochester. May 11, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  226. ^ Boolakee, Tobias; Heide, Christian; Garzón-Ramírez, Antonio; Weber, Heiko B.; Franco, Ignacio; Hommelhoff, Peter (May 2022). "Light-field control of real and virtual charge carriers". Nature. 605 (7909): 251–255. arXiv:2203.03509. Bibcode:2022Natur.605..251B. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04565-9. ISSN 1476-4687. PMID 35546189. S2CID 247292038.
  227. ^ "New life cycle assessment study shows useful life of tech-critical metals to be short". University of Bayreuth. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  228. ^ Charpentier Poncelet, Alexandre; Helbig, Christoph; Loubet, Philippe; Beylot, Antoine; Muller, Stéphanie; Villeneuve, Jacques; Laratte, Bertrand; Thorenz, Andrea; Tuma, Axel; Sonnemann, Guido (May 19, 2022). "Losses and lifetimes of metals in the economy" (PDF). Nature Sustainability. 5 (8): 717–726. doi:10.1038/s41893-022-00895-8. ISSN 2398-9629. S2CID 248894322.
  229. ^ "Scientists grew living human skin around a robotic finger". Science News. June 9, 2022. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  230. ^ Kawai, Michio; Nie, Minghao; Oda, Haruka; Morimoto, Yuya; Takeuchi, Shoji (July 6, 2022). "Living skin on a robot". Matter. 5 (7): 2190–2208. doi:10.1016/j.matt.2022.05.019. ISSN 2590-2393.
  231. ^ Barker, Ross. "Artificial skin capable of feeling pain could lead to new generation of touch-sensitive robots". University of Glasgow. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  232. ^ Liu, Fengyuan; Deswal, Sweety; Christou, Adamos; Shojaei Baghini, Mahdieh; Chirila, Radu; Shakthivel, Dhayalan; Chakraborty, Moupali; Dahiya, Ravinder (June 2022). "Printed synaptic transistor–based electronic skin for robots to feel and learn" (PDF). Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabl7286. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abl7286. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 35648845. S2CID 249275626.
  233. ^ Velasco, Emily. "Artificial skin gives robots sense of touch and beyond". California Institute of Technology. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  234. ^ Yu, You; Li, Jiahong; Solomon, Samuel A.; Min, Jihong; Tu, Jiaobing; Guo, Wei; Xu, Changhao; Song, Yu; Gao, Wei (June 1, 2022). "All-printed soft human-machine interface for robotic physicochemical sensing". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabn0495. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abn0495. ISSN 2470-9476. PMC 9302713. PMID 35648844.
  235. ^ Yirka, Bob. "Biomimetic elastomeric robot skin has tactile sensing abilities". techxplore.com. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  236. ^ Park, K.; Yuk, H.; Yang, M.; Cho, J.; Lee, H.; Kim, J. (June 8, 2022). "A biomimetic elastomeric robot skin using electrical impedance and acoustic tomography for tactile sensing". Science Robotics. 7 (67): eabm7187. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abm7187. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 35675452. S2CID 249520303.
  237. ^ Porter, Jon (June 30, 2022). "Samsung beats TSMC to production of 3nm chips". The Verge. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
  238. ^ "Samsung Begins Chip Production Using 3nm Process Technology With GAA Architecture". Samsung. June 30, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  239. ^ "'Artificial synapse' could make neural networks work more like brains". New Scientist. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  240. ^ Onen, Murat; Emond, Nicolas; Wang, Baoming; Zhang, Difei; Ross, Frances M.; Li, Ju; Yildiz, Bilge; del Alamo, Jesús A. (July 29, 2022). "Nanosecond protonic programmable resistors for analog deep learning" (PDF). Science. 377 (6605): 539–543. Bibcode:2022Sci...377..539O. doi:10.1126/science.abp8064. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 35901152. S2CID 251159631.
  241. ^ "Artificial neuron swaps dopamine with rat brain cells like a real one". New Scientist. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  242. ^ Wang, Ting; Wang, Ming; Wang, Jianwu; Yang, Le; Ren, Xueyang; Song, Gang; Chen, Shisheng; Yuan, Yuehui; Liu, Ruiqing; Pan, Liang; Li, Zheng; Leow, Wan Ru; Luo, Yifei; Ji, Shaobo; Cui, Zequn; He, Ke; Zhang, Feilong; Lv, Fengting; Tian, Yuanyuan; Cai, Kaiyu; Yang, Bowen; Niu, Jingyi; Zou, Haochen; Liu, Songrui; Xu, Guoliang; Fan, Xing; Hu, Benhui; Loh, Xian Jun; Wang, Lianhui; Chen, Xiaodong (August 8, 2022). "A chemically mediated artificial neuron". Nature Electronics. 5 (9): 586–595. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00803-0. hdl:10356/163240. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 251464760.
  243. ^ "Researchers discover a material that can learn like the brain". Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  244. ^ Samizadeh Nikoo, Mohammad; Soleimanzadeh, Reza; Krammer, Anna; Migliato Marega, Guilherme; Park, Yunkyu; Son, Junwoo; Schueler, Andreas; Kis, Andras; Moll, Philip J. W.; Matioli, Elison (August 22, 2022). "Electrical control of glass-like dynamics in vanadium dioxide for data storage and processing". Nature Electronics. 5 (9): 596–603. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00812-z. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 251759964.
  245. ^ "How cyborg cockroaches could be used to save people trapped under earthquake rubble". ABC News. September 22, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  246. ^ Kakei, Yujiro; Katayama, Shumpei; Lee, Shinyoung; Takakuwa, Masahito; Furusawa, Kazuya; Umezu, Shinjiro; Sato, Hirotaka; Fukuda, Kenjiro; Someya, Takao (September 5, 2022). "Integration of body-mounted ultrasoft organic solar cell on cyborg insects with intact mobility". NPJ Flexible Electronics. 6 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1038/s41528-022-00207-2. ISSN 2397-4621.
  247. ^ Sarkar, Tanmoy; Lieberth, Katharina; Pavlou, Aristea; Frank, Thomas; Mailaender, Volker; McCulloch, Iain; Blom, Paul W. M.; Torriccelli, Fabrizio; Gkoupidenis, Paschalis (November 7, 2022). "An organic artificial spiking neuron for in situ neuromorphic sensing and biointerfacing". Nature Electronics. 5 (11): 774–783. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00859-y. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 253413801.
  248. ^ "Artificial neurons emulate biological counterparts to enable synergetic operation". Nature Electronics. 5 (11): 721–722. November 10, 2022. doi:10.1038/s41928-022-00862-3. ISSN 2520-1131. S2CID 253469402.
  249. ^ "Why we should worry about computer suffering". IAI TV – Changing how the world thinks. March 2, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  250. ^ Thomas Metzinger (February 19, 2021). "Artificial Suffering: An Argument for a Global Moratorium on Synthetic Phenomenology". Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness. 08: 43–66. doi:10.1142/S270507852150003X. ISSN 2705-0785. CC BY icon.svg Available under CC BY 4.0.
  251. ^ "FAO – News Article: Food systems account for more than one third of global greenhouse gas emissions". www.fao.org. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  252. ^ Crippa, M.; Solazzo, E.; Guizzardi, D.; Monforti-Ferrario, F.; Tubiello, F. N.; Leip, A. (March 2021). "Food systems are responsible for a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions". Nature Food. 2 (3): 198–209. doi:10.1038/s43016-021-00225-9. ISSN 2662-1355. PMID 37117443.
  253. ^ "Average westerner's eating habits lead to loss of four trees every year". the Guardian. March 29, 2021. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  254. ^ Hoang, Nguyen Tien; Kanemoto, Keiichiro (March 29, 2021). "Mapping the deforestation footprint of nations reveals growing threat to tropical forests". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 5 (6): 845–853. doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01417-z. ISSN 2397-334X. PMID 33782576. S2CID 232420306. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  255. ^ Lu, Donna. "Bitcoin mining emissions in China will hit 130 million tonnes by 2024". New Scientist. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  256. ^ Jiang, Shangrong; Li, Yuze; Lu, Quanying; Hong, Yongmiao; Guan, Dabo; Xiong, Yu; Wang, Shouyang (April 6, 2021). "Policy assessments for the carbon emission flows and sustainability of Bitcoin blockchain operation in China". Nature Communications. 12 (1): 1938. Bibcode:2021NatCo..12.1938J. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-22256-3. ISSN 2041-1723. PMC 8024295. PMID 33824331. CC BY icon.svg Available under CC BY 4.0.
  257. ^ "Elon Musk's Neuralink 'shows monkey playing Pong with mind'". BBC. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  258. ^ "Monkey MindPong". Neuralink. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  259. ^ "Elon Musk startup shows monkey with brain chip implants playing video game". The Guardian. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  260. ^ a b Kleiner, Kurt (August 25, 2022). "Making computer chips act more like brain cells". Knowable Magazine | Annual Reviews. doi:10.1146/knowable-082422-1. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  261. ^ Gumyusenge, Aristide; Melianas, Armantas; Keene, Scott T.; Salleo, Alberto (July 26, 2021). "Materials Strategies for Organic Neuromorphic Devices". Annual Review of Materials Research. 51 (1): 47–71. Bibcode:2021AnRMS..51...47G. doi:10.1146/annurev-matsci-080619-111402. ISSN 1531-7331. S2CID 234837472.
  262. ^ "Overcoming tab overload: Researchers develop tool to better manage browser tabs". techxplore.com. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  263. ^ Chang, Joseph Chee; Hahn, Nathan; Kim, Yongsung; Coupland, Julina; Breneisen, Bradley; Kim, Hannah S; Hwong, John; Kittur, Aniket (May 6, 2021). "When the Tab Comes Due:Challenges in the Cost Structure of Browser Tab Usage". Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Association for Computing Machinery: 1–15. doi:10.1145/3411764.3445585. ISBN 9781450380966. S2CID 233987809. CC BY icon.svg Available under CC BY 4.0.
  264. ^ "Cyber attack shuts down U.S. fuel pipeline 'jugular,' Biden briefed". Reuters. May 8, 2021. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  265. ^ "Tiny, Wireless, Injectable Chips Use Ultrasound to Monitor Body Processes". Columbia University. May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  266. ^ Shi, Chen; Andino-Pavlovsky, Victoria; Lee, Stephen A.; Costa, Tiago; Elloian, Jeffrey; Konofagou, Elisa E.; Shepard, Kenneth L. (May 1, 2021). "Application of a sub–0.1-mm3 implantable mote for in vivo real-time wireless temperature sensing". Science Advances. 7 (19): eabf6312. Bibcode:2021SciA....7.6312S. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abf6312. ISSN 2375-2548. PMC 8104878. PMID 33962948.
  267. ^ "Brain Computer Interface Turns Mental Handwriting into Text on Screen". Howard Hughes Medical Institute. May 12, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  268. ^ Willett, Francis R.; Avansino, Donald T.; Hochberg, Leigh R.; Henderson, Jaimie M.; Shenoy, Krishna V. (May 2021). "High-performance brain-to-text communication via handwriting". Nature. 593 (7858): 249–254. Bibcode:2021Natur.593..249W. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03506-2. ISSN 1476-4687. PMC 8163299. PMID 33981047.
  269. ^ "Archivists Want to Make Sci-Hub 'Un-Censorable'". Gizmodo. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  270. ^ "Google showed off its next-generation AI by talking to Pluto and a paper airplane". The Verge. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  271. ^ "LaMDA: our breakthrough conversation technology". Google. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  272. ^ "Google and Harvard map brain connections in unprecedented detail". New Atlas. June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  273. ^ Shapson-Coe, Alexander; Januszewski, Michał; Berger, Daniel R.; Pope, Art; Wu, Yuelong; Blakely, Tim; Schalek, Richard L.; Li, Peter; Wang, Shuohong; Maitin-Shepard, Jeremy; Karlupia, Neha; Dorkenwald, Sven; Sjostedt, Evelina; Leavitt, Laramie; Lee, Dongil; Bailey, Luke; Fitzmaurice, Angerica; Kar, Rohin; Field, Benjamin; Wu, Hank; Wagner-Carena, Julian; Aley, David; Lau, Joanna; Lin, Zudi; Wei, Donglai; Pfister, Hanspeter; Peleg, Adi; Jain, Viren; Lichtman, Jeff W. (May 30, 2021). "A connectomic study of a petascale fragment of human cerebral cortex". bioRxiv: 2021.05.29.446289. doi:10.1101/2021.05.29.446289. S2CID 235270687. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  274. ^ Diario Oficial, numero 110, tomo n° 431, 9 de junio de 2021 Archived June 12, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, Official Journal of El Salvador, National Press of El Salvador
  275. ^ Gorjón, S. (2021). The role of cryptoassets as legal tender: the example of El Salvador. Banco de Espana Article, 35, 21.
  276. ^ Kharpal, Arjun (June 9, 2021). "El Salvador is one step closer to making bitcoin legal tender after proposing new law". msn.com. CNBC on MSN.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  277. ^ "GitHub Copilot · Your AI pair programmer". GitHub Copilot. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  278. ^ Claburn, Thomas. "FauxPilot: Like GitHub Copilot without Microsoft telemetry". www.theregister.com. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  279. ^ "Smart technology is not making us dumber: study". phys.org. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  280. ^ Cecutti, Lorenzo; Chemero, Anthony; Lee, Spike W. S. (July 1, 2021). "Technology may change cognition without necessarily harming it". Nature Human Behaviour. 5 (8): 973–975. doi:10.1038/s41562-021-01162-0. ISSN 2397-3374. PMID 34211150. S2CID 235709853. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  281. ^ "Amazon shifts Lumberyard to open source 3D game engine supported by 20 companies". VentureBeat. July 6, 2021. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
  282. ^ "Think before you 'speak': brain–computer interface restores speech in paralysed man". Physics World. August 5, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  283. ^ Moses, David A.; Metzger, Sean L.; Liu, Jessie R.; Anumanchipalli, Gopala K.; Makin, Joseph G.; Sun, Pengfei F.; Chartier, Josh; Dougherty, Maximilian E.; Liu, Patricia M.; Abrams, Gary M.; Tu-Chan, Adelyn; Ganguly, Karunesh; Chang, Edward F. (July 15, 2021). "Neuroprosthesis for Decoding Speech in a Paralyzed Person with Anarthria". New England Journal of Medicine. 385 (3): 217–227. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2027540. PMC 8972947. PMID 34260835. S2CID 235907121.
  284. ^ "Internet: Un nouveau record de débit à 319 Tbit/S". July 16, 2021.
  285. ^ Fox, Will. "Japan sets new Internet speed record: 319 Tbit/s". www.futuretimeline.net.
  286. ^ "Teens around the world are lonelier than a decade ago. The reason may be smartphones". Washington Post. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  287. ^ Twenge, Jean M.; Haidt, Jonathan; Blake, Andrew B.; McAllister, Cooper; Lemon, Hannah; Le Roy, Astrid (July 20, 2021). "Worldwide increases in adolescent loneliness". Journal of Adolescence. 93: 257–269. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.06.006. ISSN 0140-1971. PMID 34294429.
  288. ^ "DeepMind's AI predicts structures for a vast trove of proteins". Nature. July 22, 2021. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  289. ^ "Chinese team hopes high-res image of monkey brain will unlock secrets". South China Morning Post. August 1, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  290. ^ Xu, Fang; Shen, Yan; Ding, Lufeng; Yang, Chao-Yu; Tan, Heng; Wang, Hao; Zhu, Qingyuan; Xu, Rui; Wu, Fengyi; Xiao, Yanyang; Xu, Cheng; Li, Qianwei; Su, Peng; Zhang, Li I.; Dong, Hong-Wei; Desimone, Robert; Xu, Fuqiang; Hu, Xintian; Lau, Pak-Ming; Bi, Guo-Qiang (July 26, 2021). "High-throughput mapping of a whole rhesus monkey brain at micrometer resolution". Nature Biotechnology. 39 (12): 1521–1528. doi:10.1038/s41587-021-00986-5. ISSN 1546-1696. PMID 34312500. S2CID 236453498.
  291. ^ "Computer scientist warns global internet is not prepared for a large solar storm". techxplore.com. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  292. ^ "A Bad Solar Storm Could Cause an 'Internet Apocalypse'". Wired. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  293. ^ Jyothi, Sangeetha Abdu (August 9, 2021). "Solar superstorms: planning for an internet apocalypse". Proceedings of the 2021 ACM SIGCOMM 2021 Conference. Association for Computing Machinery: 692–704. doi:10.1145/3452296.3472916.
  294. ^ "Analysis | We Need Cap-and-Trade For Individuals As Well As Companies". Washington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  295. ^ "Pandemic and digitalization set stage for revival of a cast-off idea: Personal carbon allowances". phys.org.
  296. ^ Fuso Nerini, Francesco; Fawcett, Tina; Parag, Yael; Ekins, Paul (August 16, 2021). "Personal carbon allowances revisited". Nature Sustainability. 4 (12): 1025–1031. doi:10.1038/s41893-021-00756-w. ISSN 2398-9629.
  297. ^ "This massive AI chip has the compute power of a human brain". PC World. August 24, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
  298. ^ "AI may predict the next virus to jump from animals to humans". Public Library of Science. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  299. ^ Mollentze, Nardus; Babayan, Simon A.; Streicker, Daniel G. (September 28, 2021). "Identifying and prioritizing potential human-infecting viruses from their genome sequences". PLOS Biology. 19 (9): e3001390. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3001390. ISSN 1545-7885. PMC 8478193. PMID 34582436.
  300. ^ Isaac, Mike; Frenkel, Sheera (October 4, 2021). "Facebook and all of its apps go down simultaneously". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
  301. ^ Clark, Mitchell (October 4, 2021). "What is BGP, and what role did it play in Facebook's massive outage". The Verge. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  302. ^ "Study reveals scale of data-sharing from Android mobile phones". Trinity College Dublin. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
  303. ^ Liu, Haoyu; Patras, Paul; Leith, Douglas J. (October 6, 2021). "Android Mobile OS Snooping By Samsung, Xiaomi, Huawei and Realme Handsets" (PDF). Retrieved November 16, 2021.
  304. ^ Wills, Jennifer. "Saying farewell to a throwaway fashion industry". Horizon: The EU Research Innovation Magazine. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  305. ^ Fadelli, Ingrid. "DeepDraper: A technique that predicts how clothes would look on different people". Tech Xplore. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  306. ^ "Scientists claim big advance in using DNA to store data". bbc.co.uk. December 2, 2021. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  307. ^ Yirka, Bob. "A mass of human brain cells in a petri dish has been taught to play Pong". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  308. ^ Kagan, Brett J.; Kitchen, Andy C.; Tran, Nhi T.; Parker, Bradyn J.; Bhat, Anjali; Rollo, Ben; Razi, Adeel; Friston, Karl J. (December 3, 2021). "In vitro neurons learn and exhibit sentience when embodied in a simulated game-world". pp. 2021.12.02.471005. bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.12.02.471005v2.
  309. ^ Bolakhe, Saugat. "Lego Robot with an Organic 'Brain' Learns to Navigate a Maze". Scientific American. Retrieved February 1, 2022.
  310. ^ Krauhausen, Imke; Koutsouras, Dimitrios A.; Melianas, Armantas; Keene, Scott T.; Lieberth, Katharina; Ledanseur, Hadrien; Sheelamanthula, Rajendar; Giovannitti, Alexander; Torricelli, Fabrizio; Mcculloch, Iain; Blom, Paul W. M.; Salleo, Alberto; Burgt, Yoeri van de; Gkoupidenis, Paschalis (December 2021). "Organic neuromorphic electronics for sensorimotor integration and learning in robotics". Science Advances. 7 (50): eabl5068. Bibcode:2021SciA....7.5068K. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abl5068. hdl:10754/673986. PMC 8664264. PMID 34890232. S2CID 245046482.
  311. ^ Qureshi, Muhammad Saad; Oasmaa, Anja; Pihkola, Hanna; Deviatkin, Ivan; Tenhunen, Anna; Mannila, Juha; Minkkinen, Hannu; Pohjakallio, Maija; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta (November 1, 2020). "Pyrolysis of plastic waste: Opportunities and challenges". Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 152: 104804. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104804. ISSN 0165-2370. S2CID 200068035.
  312. ^ "Breakthrough in separating plastic waste: Machines can now distinguish 12 different types of plastic". Aarhus University. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  313. ^ Henriksen, Martin L.; Karlsen, Celine B.; Klarskov, Pernille; Hinge, Mogens (January 1, 2022). "Plastic classification via in-line hyperspectral camera analysis and unsupervised machine learning". Vibrational Spectroscopy. 118: 103329. doi:10.1016/j.vibspec.2021.103329. ISSN 0924-2031. S2CID 244913832.
  314. ^ "Telemedicine may be as good as in-person visits for managing chronic illnesses". UPI. Retrieved January 17, 2022.
  315. ^ Albritton, Jordan; Ortiz, Alexa; Wines, Roberta; Booth, Graham; DiBello, Michael; Brown, Stephen; Gartlehner, Gerald; Crotty, Karen (December 7, 2021). "Video Teleconferencing for Disease Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment" (PDF). Annals of Internal Medicine. 175 (2): 256–266. doi:10.7326/m21-3511. ISSN 0003-4819. PMID 34871056. S2CID 244923066.
  316. ^ "The 'most serious' security breach ever is unfolding right now. Here's what you need to know". Washington Post. December 20, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  317. ^ "After Log4j, Open-Source Software Is Now a National Security Issue". Gizmodo. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  318. ^ Greig, Jonathan. "After Log4j, White House fears the next big open source vulnerability". ZDNet. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  319. ^ a b T. Jesper Jacobsson; Adam Hultqvist; Alberto García-Fernández; et al. (December 13, 2021). "An open-access database and analysis tool for perovskite solar cells based on the FAIR data principles". Nature Energy. 7: 107–115. doi:10.1038/s41560-021-00941-3. ISSN 2058-7546. S2CID 245175279.
  320. ^ "Jesperkemist/perovskitedatabase". GitHub. January 24, 2022. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  321. ^ "The Wikipedia of perovskite solar cell research". Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres. Retrieved January 19, 2022.
  322. ^ "Maui Shell is a Beautiful Vision for the Future of Linux". OMG! Ubuntu!. December 27, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  323. ^ Crume, Jacob (December 30, 2021). "Maui Shell is Here, Ushering in a New Era of Desktop Linux". It's FOSS – News. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  324. ^ Wallen, Jack. "Is Maui Shell the future of the Linux desktop?". TechRepublic. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  325. ^ Nestor, Marius (December 26, 2021). "Meet Maui Shell, a Convergent Desktop Shell for Linux Desktops and Mobile Devices". 9to5Linux. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  326. ^ Higuita, Camilo (December 26, 2021). "Introducing Maui Shell". Nitrux. Retrieved January 16, 2022.
  327. ^ Khamsi, Roxanne (May 1, 2020). "Coronavirus in context: Scite.ai tracks positive and negative citations for COVID-19 literature". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01324-6. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
  328. ^ Nicholson, Josh M.; Mordaunt, Milo; Lopez, Patrice; Uppala, Ashish; Rosati, Domenic; Rodrigues, Neves P.; Grabitz, Peter; Rife, Sean C. (November 5, 2021). "scite: A smart citation index that displays the context of citations and classifies their intent using deep learning". Quantitative Science Studies. 2 (3): 882–898. doi:10.1162/qss_a_00146.
  329. ^ "AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X is a ridiculous 64-core CPU – and it's coming February 7". Techradar. January 6, 2020. Archived from the original on July 9, 2020. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  330. ^ "[email protected] Crushes Exascale Barrier, Now Faster Than Dozens of Supercomputers – ExtremeTech". www.extremetech.com. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  331. ^ "[email protected] crowdsourced computing project passes 1 million downloads amid coronavirus research". VentureBeat. March 31, 2020. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  332. ^ "The coronavirus pandemic turned [email protected] into an exaFLOP supercomputer". Ars Technica. April 14, 2020. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  333. ^ Tung, Liam. "CERN throws 10,000 CPU cores at [email protected] coronavirus simulation project". ZDNet. Archived from the original on November 1, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  334. ^ "Scientists create tiny devices that work like the human brain". The Independent. April 20, 2020. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  335. ^ "Researchers unveil electronics that mimic the human brain in efficient learning". phys.org. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  336. ^ Fu, Tianda; Liu, Xiaomeng; Gao, Hongyan; Ward, Joy E.; Liu, Xiaorong; Yin, Bing; Wang, Zhongrui; Zhuo, Ye; Walker, David J. F.; Joshua Yang, J.; Chen, Jianhan; Lovley, Derek R.; Yao, Jun (April 20, 2020). "Bioinspired bio-voltage memristors". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 1861. Bibcode:2020NatCo..11.1861F. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15759-y. PMC 7171104. PMID 32313096.
  337. ^ Staff (May 22, 2020). "Australian researchers record world's fastest internet speed from a single optical chip". Monash University. Archived from the original on May 23, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  338. ^ Monash University (May 22, 2020). "Australian researchers record world's fastest internet speed from a single optical chip". EurekAlert!. Archived from the original on May 25, 2020. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  339. ^ Corcoran, Bill; Tan, Mengxi; Xu, Xingyuan; Boes, Andreas; Wu, Jiayang; Nguyen, Thach G.; Chu, Sai T.; Little, Brent E.; Morandotti, Roberto; Mitchell, Arnan; Moss, David J. (May 22, 2020). "Ultra-dense optical data transmission over standard fibre with a single chip source". Nature Communications. 11 (1): 2568. arXiv:2003.11893. Bibcode:2020NatCo..11.2568C. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16265-x. PMC 7244755. PMID 32444605.
  340. ^ "Evidence of large groups responding more slowly to crises due to false information". phys.org. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  341. ^ Shirado, Hirokazu; Crawford, Forrest W.; Christakis, Nicholas A. (May 27, 2020). "Collective communication and behaviour in response to uncertain 'Danger' in network experiments". Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 476 (2237): 20190685. Bibcode:2020RSPSA.47690685S. doi:10.1098/rspa.2019.0685. PMC 7277132. PMID 32518501. CC BY icon.svg Fragments of the text were copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Archived October 16, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
  342. ^ "OpenAI API". OpenAI. June 11, 2020.
  343. ^ Coldewey, Devin (June 11, 2020). "OpenAI makes an all-purpose API for its text-based AI capabilities". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on October 27, 2021. Retrieved July 31, 2020. If you've ever wanted to try out OpenAI's vaunted machine learning toolset, it just got a lot easier. The company has released an API that lets developers call its AI tools in on "virtually any English language task."
  344. ^ "New video format 'halves data use of 4K and 8K TVs'". BBC News. July 7, 2020. Archived from the original on July 7, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  345. ^ "Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute HHI". newsletter.fraunhofer.de. Archived from the original on July 8, 2020. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  346. ^ Keene, Scott T.; Lubrano, Claudia; Kazemzadeh, Setareh; Melianas, Armantas; Tuchman, Yaakov; Polino, Giuseppina; Scognamiglio, Paola; Cinà, Lucio; Salleo, Alberto; van de Burgt, Yoeri; Santoro, Francesca (September 2020). "A biohybrid synapse with neurotransmitter-mediated plasticity". Nature Materials. 19 (9): 969–973. Bibcode:2020NatMa..19..969K. doi:10.1038/s41563-020-0703-y. ISSN 1476-4660. PMID 32541935. S2CID 219691307.
  347. ^ "Beetles carrying tiny backpack cameras stream footage to a smartphone". New Scientist. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  348. ^ Iyer, Vikram; Najafi, Ali; James, Johannes; Fuller, Sawyer; Gollakota, Shyamnath (July 15, 2020). "Wireless steerable vision for live insects and insect-scale robots". Science Robotics. 5 (44): eabb0839. doi:10.1126/scirobotics.abb0839. ISSN 2470-9476. PMID 33022605. S2CID 220688078.
  349. ^ "Neuralink: Elon Musk unveils pig with chip in its brain". BBC News. August 29, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
  350. ^ "Elon Musk trots out pigs in demo of Neuralink brain implants". The Verge. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
  351. ^ Brainard, Jeffrey (September 8, 2020). "Dozens of scientific journals have vanished from the internet, and no one preserved them". Science | AAAS. Archived from the original on October 15, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  352. ^ Kwon, Diana (September 10, 2020). "More than 100 scientific journals have disappeared from the Internet". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-02610-z. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2020.
  353. ^ Laakso, Mikael; Matthias, Lisa; Jahn, Najko (2021). "Open is not forever: A study of vanished open access journals". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 72 (9): 1099–1112. arXiv:2008.11933. doi:10.1002/ASI.24460. S2CID 221340749.
  354. ^ "Prosecutors open homicide case after hacker attack on German hospital". Reuters. September 18, 2020. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  355. ^ Starr, Michelle (October 3, 2020). "A New Chemical 'Tree of The Origins of Life' Reveals Our Possible Molecular Evolution". ScienceAlert. Archived from the original on October 6, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  356. ^ Wolos, Agnieszka; et al. (September 25, 2020). "Synthetic connectivity, emergence, and self-regeneration in the network of prebiotic chemistry". Science. 369 (6511): eaaw1955. doi:10.1126/science.aaw1955. PMID 32973002. S2CID 221882090. Archived from the original on October 4, 2020. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  357. ^ "The Past, Present and Future of Robotic Surgery". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  358. ^ Attanasio, Aleks; Scaglioni, Bruno; De Momi, Elena; Fiorini, Paolo; Valdastri, Pietro (May 3, 2021). "Autonomy in Surgical Robotics". Annual Review of Control, Robotics, and Autonomous Systems. 4 (1): 651–679. doi:10.1146/annurev-control-062420-090543. hdl:11311/1168387. ISSN 2573-5144. S2CID 228881423.
  359. ^ a b c "Free Software Awards winners announced: CiviCRM, Bradley Kuhn, and Alyssa Rosenzweig — Free Software Foundation — Working together for free software". www.fsf.org. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  360. ^ a b c Bantle, Ulrich (March 22, 2021). "Free Software Awards vergeben". Linux-Magazin (in German). Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  361. ^ a b c Free Software Awards winners announced: SecuRepairs, Protesilaos Stavrou, Paul Eggert , FSF
  362. ^ a b c Bantle, Ulrich (March 22, 2022). "Free Software Awards 2021 vergeben". Linux-Magazin (in German). Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  363. ^ a b c "Free Software Foundation award winners". SD Times. March 21, 2022. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  364. ^ Speed, Richard. "Asahi Linux progress in graphics drivers on Apple's M1". www.theregister.com. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  365. ^ Tosh-Morelli, Vicky (January 21, 2022). "In Memoriam: Hagit Shatkay-Reshef".
  366. ^ "[GDNET] Takao Nishizeki". list.dia.uniroma3.it.
  367. ^ "Lorinda Cherry RIP [LWN.net]". lwn.net.
  368. ^ Claburn, Thomas. "Obit: Mary Coombs, first woman commercial programmer". www.theregister.com.
  369. ^ Cohn, Cindy (September 5, 2022). "Honoring Peter Eckersley, Who Made the Internet a Safer Place for Everyone". Electronic Frontier Foundation.
  370. ^ O’Neil, Mathieu; Muselli, Laure; Raissi, Mahin; Zacchiroli, Stefano (May 2021). "'Open source has won and lost the war': Legitimising commercial–communal hybridisation in a FOSS project" (PDF). New Media & Society. 23 (5): 1157–1180. doi:10.1177/1461444820907022. ISSN 1461-4448. S2CID 216386568.