Centi-

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Centi (symbol c) is a unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of one hundredth. Proposed in 1793,[1] and adopted in 1795, the prefix comes from the Latin centum, meaning "hundred" (cf. century, cent, percent, centennial). Since 1960, the prefix is part of the International System of Units (SI). It is mainly used in combination with the unit metre to form centimetre, a common unit of length.

Example
Prefix Base 10 Decimal Adoption
[nb 1]
Name Symbol
quetta Q 1030 1000000000000000000000000000000 2022
ronna R 1027 1000000000000000000000000000 2022
yotta Y 1024 1000000000000000000000000 1991
zetta Z 1021 1000000000000000000000 1991
exa E 1018 1000000000000000000 1975
peta P 1015 1000000000000000 1975
tera T 1012 1000000000000 1960
giga G 109 1000000000 1960
mega M 106 1000000 1873
kilo k 103 1000 1795
hecto h 102 100 1795
deca da 101 10 1795
100 1
deci d 10−1 0.1 1795
centi c 10−2 0.01 1795
milli m 10−3 0.001 1795
micro μ 10−6 0.000001 1873
nano n 10−9 0.000000001 1960
pico p 10−12 0.000000000001 1960
femto f 10−15 0.000000000000001 1964
atto a 10−18 0.000000000000000001 1964
zepto z 10−21 0.000000000000000000001 1991
yocto y 10−24 0.000000000000000000000001 1991
ronto r 10−27 0.000000000000000000000000001 2022
quecto q 10−30 0.000000000000000000000000000001 2022
Notes
  1. ^ Prefixes adopted before 1960 already existed before SI. The introduction of the CGS system was in 1873.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commission temporaire de Poids & Mesures rêpublicaines, En exécution des Décrets de la Convention Nationale (1793). Instruction abrégée sur les mesures déduites de la grandeur de la Terre; uniformes pour toute la Rêpublique, et sur les Calculs relatifs à leur division décimale (in French) (Edition originale ed.). Paris, France: De l´imprimerie nationale exécutive du Louvre. Retrieved 2015-10-09.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Universcale: From the nanoworld to the universe — The worlds we measure using our infinite yardstick". Nikon. 2013. Archived from the original on 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2017-02-08.