Deca-

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Deca (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures;[1] symbol: da) or deka (American spelling[2]) is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of ten. The term is derived from the Greek déka (δέκα) meaning ten.

The prefix was a part of the original metric system in 1795. It is not in very common usage, although the decapascal is occasionally used by audiologists. The decanewton is also encountered occasionally, probably because it is an SI approximation of the kilogram-force. Its use is more common in Central Europe. In German, Polish, Czech, Slovak, and Hungarian, deka (or deko) is common, and used in self-standing form, always meaning decagram. A runway number typically indicates its magnetic azimuth in decadegrees.

Before the symbol as an SI prefix was standardized as da with the introduction of the International System of Units in 1960, various other symbols were more common, such as dk (e.g., UK and Austria), D (e.g., Germany, Eastern Europe), and Da. For syntactical reasons, the HP 48, 49, 50 series, as well as the HP 39gII and Prime calculators use the unit prefix D.[3][4][5]

Examples:

  • The blue whale is approximately 30 metres or 3 decametres in length.[6]
Prefix Base 10 Decimal Adoption
[nb 1]
Name Symbol
quetta Q 1030 1000000000000000000000000000000 2022[7]
ronna R 1027 1000000000000000000000000000 2022
yotta Y 1024 1000000000000000000000000 1991
zetta Z 1021 1000000000000000000000 1991
exa E 1018 1000000000000000000 1975
peta P 1015 1000000000000000 1975
tera T 1012 1000000000000 1960
giga G 109 1000000000 1960
mega M 106 1000000 1873
kilo k 103 1000 1795
hecto h 102 100 1795
deca da 101 10 1795
100 1
deci d 10−1 0.1 1795
centi c 10−2 0.01 1795
milli m 10−3 0.001 1795
micro μ 10−6 0.000001 1873
nano n 10−9 0.000000001 1960
pico p 10−12 0.000000000001 1960
femto f 10−15 0.000000000000001 1964
atto a 10−18 0.000000000000000001 1964
zepto z 10−21 0.000000000000000000001 1991
yocto y 10−24 0.000000000000000000000001 1991
ronto r 10−27 0.000000000000000000000000001 2022
quecto q 10−30 0.000000000000000000000000000001 2022
Notes
  1. ^ Prefixes adopted before 1960 already existed before SI. The introduction of the CGS system was in 1873.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decimal multiples and submultiples of SI units Archived 2019-03-30 at the Wayback Machine, 2006, SI Brochure: The International System of Units (SI), 8th edition
  2. ^ Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI), 1995, NIST Special Publication 811
  3. ^ HP 48G Series – User's Guide (UG) (8 ed.). Hewlett-Packard. December 1994 [1993]. HP 00048-90126, (00048-90104). Retrieved 2015-09-06.
  4. ^ HP 50g graphing calculator user's guide (UG) (1 ed.). Hewlett-Packard. 2006-04-01. HP F2229AA-90006. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
  5. ^ HP Prime Graphing Calculator User Guide (UG) (PDF) (1 ed.). Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. October 2014. HP 788996-001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-03. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  6. ^ "National Geographic TV Shows, Specials & Documentaries".
  7. ^ "On the extension of the range of SI prefixes". 18 November 2022. Retrieved 5 February 2023.

External links[edit]