December 31

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December 31 in recent years
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December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day,[1] New Year's Eve or Old Year’s Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day. It is the last day of the year; the following day is January 1, the first day of the following year.

Events[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

1601–1900[edit]

1901–present[edit]

Births[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

1601–1900[edit]

1901–present[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Pre-1600[edit]

1601–1900[edit]

1901–present[edit]

Holidays and observances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calendar of Feast Days".
  2. ^ Empires besieged : time frame--AD 200-600. Alexandria, Va. : Time-Life Books. 1988. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-8094-6416-6. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  3. ^ Kruse, Marion (4 October 2019). The Politics of Roman Memory: From the Fall of the Western Empire to the Age of Justinian. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-8122-5162-3.
  4. ^ Albert Hugh Smith (1980). The Parker Chronicle 832-900. University of Exeter. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-85989-099-1.
  5. ^ Robinson, I. S. (2003) [1999]. Henry IV of Germany, 1056–1106. Cambridge University Press. p. 336. ISBN 0-521-54590-0.
  6. ^ F. Xavier Hernández Cardona; Xavier Rubio Campillo (October 2010). Breve Historia de la guerra antigua y medieval (Brief history of the old and medieval war) (in Spanish). Fareso. p. 211. ISBN 9788497639743.
  7. ^ Low, C. R. (1875). "History of the Indian Navy: Chapter I. 1600-1622". The United Service Magazine. H. Colburn (3): 148. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  8. ^ Urbina, María Ximena (2017). "La expedición de John Narborough a Chile, 1670: defensa de Valdivia, rumores de indios, informaciones de los prisioneros y la creencia en la ciudad de los Césares" [John Narborough Expedition to Chile, 1670: Defense of Valdivia, Indian Rumors, Information on Prisoners, and the Belief in the City of the Césares]. Magallania. 45 (2): 11–36. doi:10.4067/S0718-22442017000200011.
  9. ^ Ann E. Holmes (9 March 2015). Diverse Excursions in the Southeast: Paleozoic to Present. Geological Society of America. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-8137-0039-7.
  10. ^ Great Britain. Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1927). British and Foreign State Papers. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 75.
  11. ^ "Essex IV (CV-9)". public2.nhhcaws.local. Retrieved 2020-12-26.
  12. ^ Kappes, Irwin. "The Battle of the Barents Sea". www.german-navy.de. Archived from the original on 2021-10-06. Retrieved 2021-12-31.
  13. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Vickers 720C Viscount VH-RMQ Port Hedland, WA". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 2005-05-27. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  14. ^ "Death toll rises to 39 in Russian apartment block collapse". The Guardian. 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  15. ^ "Pneumonia of unknown cause – China". WHO.
  16. ^ Zhou, Peng; Yang, Xing-Lou; Wang, Xian-Guang; Hu, Ben; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Wei; Si, Hao-Rui; Zhu, Yan; Li, Bei; Huang, Chao-Lin; Chen, Hui-Dong; Chen, Jing; Luo, Yun; Guo, Hua; Jiang, Ren-Di; Liu, Mei-Qin; Chen, Ying; Shen, Xu-Rui; Wang, Xi; Zheng, Xiao-Shuang; Zhao, Kai; Chen, Quan-Jiao; Deng, Fei; Liu, Lin-Lin; Yan, Bing; Zhan, Fa-Xian; Wang, Yan-Yi; Xiao, Geng-Fu; Shi, Zheng-Li (March 2020). "A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin". Nature. 579 (7798): 270–273. Bibcode:2020Natur.579..270Z. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2012-7. PMC 7095418. PMID 32015507.
  17. ^ "WHO issues its first emergency use validation for a COVID-19 vaccine and emphasizes need for equitable global access". www.who.int. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  18. ^ "WHO clears Pfizer coronavirus vaccine for emergency use". PBS NewsHour. 2020-12-31. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  19. ^ Smith, Marylnn J. (1991). "Marie (-Catherine-Sophie de Flavigne), Comtesse d'Agoult". In Wilson, Katharina M. (ed.). An Encyclopedia of Continental Women Writers Volume 1. New York: Garland. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-82408-547-6.
  20. ^ Majander, Mikko. "FAGERHOLM, Karl-August (1901–1984)". Biografiskt lexikon för Finland (in Swedish). Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  21. ^ "Davis Cup Player Profile: Enrique Maier". www.daviscup.com. Retrieved 2022-10-21.
  22. ^ "UW Football Mourns Passing Of Husky Legend Hugh McElhenny". University of Washington. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 28 December 2022.
  23. ^ "Cliff Richey | Overview | ATP Tour | Tennis". ATP Tour. Retrieved 2022-10-21.
  24. ^ "Alex Salmond | Biography & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
  25. ^ "Hong Kong Cinemagic - Nina Li Chi".
  26. ^ "About Jennifer Higdon". jenniferhigdon.com. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  27. ^ "Gabrielle Douglas". IOC. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Alycia Parks | Player Stats & More – WTA Official". Women's Tennis Association. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  29. ^ "Katie Volynets | Player Stats & More – WTA Official". Women's Tennis Association. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  30. ^ Anthony R Birley (6 December 2012). Marcus Aurelius: A Biography. Routledge. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-134-69569-0.
  31. ^ Halm, Heinz (1991). Das Reich des Mahdi: Der Aufstieg der Fatimiden [The Empire of the Mahdi: The Rise of the Fatimids] (in German). Munich: C. H. Beck. pp. 176–179. ISBN 978-3-406-35497-7.
  32. ^ Yusofi, G. H. (1984). "Aḥmad Maymandī". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 6. pp. 650–652.
  33. ^ Haarmann, Torsten (2014). Das Haus Waldeck und Pyrmont. Mehr als 900 Jahre Gesamtgeschichte mit Stammfolge. Deutsche Fürstenhäuser (in German). Vol. Heft 35. Werl: Börde-Verlag. p. 48. ISBN 978-3-981-4458-2-4.
  34. ^ "Robert Boyle | Biography, Contributions, Works, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  35. ^ Reynolds, Moira Davison (2004). American Women Scientists: 23 Inspiring Biographies, 1900-2000. Jefferson NC: McFarland. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-78642-161-9.
  36. ^ "Remembering the Cutting Crew and Their Guitarist, Darmouth's (Nova Scotia) Kevin MacMichael". cjls.com. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 31 December 2020.
  37. ^ "Soccer / Yaacov Hodorov, age 79, Israel's greatest 'keeper". Haaretz.
  38. ^ Pareles, Jon (1 January 2016). "Natalie Cole, 'Unforgettable' Voice and Million-Selling Hitmaker, Dies at 65". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  39. ^ Bueno, Antoinette (31 December 2014). "'MASH' Star Wayne Rogers Dies at 82". Entertainment Tonight. CBS Television Distribution. CBS Studios Inc. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  40. ^ "M*A*S*H star Wayne Rogers dead at 82". BNO News. 31 December 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  41. ^ Dunham, Will (December 31, 2016). "Actor William Christopher, M*A*S*H chaplain, dead at 84". Reuters.
  42. ^ "Actor-screenwriter Kader Khan passes away". Indian Express. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  43. ^ Blistein, Jon (31 December 2021). "Beloved TV Icon Betty White Dead on Cusp of 100th Birthday". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  44. ^ McGarvey, Emily (1 January 2023). "Former Pope Benedict XVI dies at 95". BBC. Retrieved 1 January 2023.

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