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Francolinus pictus hm.jpg
Painted francolin
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Tribe: Gallini
Genus: Francolinus
Stephens, 1819
Type species
Francolinus vulgaris[1]

See text

Francolinus is a genus of birds in the francolin group of the tribe Gallini in the pheasant family.


Its three species range from western Asia and central Asia through to southern Asia and south-eastern Asia. The species are:[2]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Black Francolin (27764995243).jpg Black francolin Francolinus francolinus south-eastern Turkey through Iran, Turkmenistan, northeast India, and Kazipara, Panchagarh of Bangladesh
A Painted Francolin calling for its mate (50199455056).jpg Painted francolin Francolinus pictus central and southern India and southeastern Sri Lanka
Chinese francolin Francolinus pintadeanus Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Introduced to Mauritius, the Philippines, Madagascar, United States, Chile and Argentina.


  1. ^ Peters, JL (1934). Check-list of birds of the world. Vol. 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 68–84.
  2. ^ Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). (2013). "IOC World Bird List (v 3.5)". International Ornithologists’ Union. doi:10.14344/IOC.ML.3.5. Retrieved 2013-12-29. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

Further reading[edit]

  • Mandiwana-Neudani, T.G.; Little, R.M.; Crowe, T.M.; Bowie, R.C.K. (2019). "Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of 'true' francolins: Galliformes, Phasianidae, Phasianinae, Gallini; Francolinus, Ortygornis, Afrocolinus gen. nov., Peliperdix and Scleroptila spp". Ostrich. 90 (3): 191–221. doi:10.2989/00306525.2019.1632954. S2CID 208597134.