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Brown Quail - Atherton - Queensland.jpg
S. ypsilophorus
Asian Blue Quail RWD.jpg
S. chinensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Tribe: Coturnicini
Genus: Synoicus
Gould, 1843
Type species
Perdix australis[1]

See text


Anurophasis van Oort, 1910
Excalfactoria Bonaparte, 1856

Synoicus is a genus of 4 species of Old World quail.[2]

The species in the genus are distributed throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, tropical Asia, and Australasia. Two of the four species in the genus were originally classified in Excalfactoria, one was classified in Anurophasis, and one was classified in Coturnix. Several phylogenetic studies found these species to all group together into a single genus, which was followed by the International Ornithological Congress in 2021.[2][3][4][5]


Common and binomial names Image Range
Brown quail (Synoicus ypsilophorus) Coturnix ypsilophora - granite island 2.jpg Mainland Australia, Tasmania and Papua New Guinea; introduced to New Zealand and Fiji
Snow Mountain quail (Synoicus monorthonyx) Snow Mountains Quail.JPG Snow and Star Mountains, West Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea
King quail (Synoicus chinensis) Excalfactoria chinensis (aka).jpg India and Sri Lanka east to Taiwan, south to eastern Australia
Blue quail (Synoicus adansonii) ExcalfactoriaAdansoniDavies.jpg Sub-Saharan Africa, from Zambia north to Ethiopia, and west to Sierra Leone


  1. ^ "Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. ^ a b "Taxonomic Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  3. ^ Seabrook-Davison, Mark; Huynen, Leon; Lambert, David M.; Brunton, Dianne H. (2009-07-28). "Ancient DNA Resolves Identity and Phylogeny of New Zealand's Extinct and Living Quail (Coturnix sp.)". PLOS ONE. 4 (7): e6400. Bibcode:2009PLoSO...4.6400S. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006400. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 2712072. PMID 19636374.
  4. ^ Hosner, Peter A.; Tobias, Joseph A.; Braun, Edward L.; Kimball, Rebecca T. (2017-05-17). "How do seemingly non-vagile clades accomplish trans-marine dispersal? Trait and dispersal evolution in the landfowl (Aves: Galliformes)". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 284 (1854): 20170210. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0210. PMC 5443944. PMID 28469029.
  5. ^ Kimball, Rebecca T.; Mary, Colette M. St; Braun, Edward L. (2011-05-02). "A Macroevolutionary Perspective on Multiple Sexual Traits in the Phasianidae (Galliformes)". International Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 2011: 423938. doi:10.4061/2011/423938. PMC 3119463. PMID 21716735.