Help:Cheatsheet

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Wikitext cheatsheet

Works anywhere in the text        

Description You type You get
Italics, bold, and both

''italics'', '''bold''', and '''''both'''''

italics, bold, and both

Link to another page
see Help:Interwikimedia links for linking to sister projects

[[copy edit]]
[[copy edit]]ors

copy edit
copy editors

"Pipe" a link to change the link's text

[[Android (operating system)|Android]]

Android

Link to a section

[[Frog#Locomotion]]
[[Frog#Locomotion|locomotion in frogs]]

Frog#Locomotion
locomotion in frogs

Red link
Links to pages that don't exist are automatically red. Red links in articles often help by showing desired redirects or notable pages.

[[Red link example]]

Red link example

Plain website

https://www.wikipedia.org

https://www.wikipedia.org

Link a website

[https://www.wikipedia.org]

[1]

Link and name a website

[https://www.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]

Wikipedia

Citations, references, and footnotes
sources in the article will appear where {{reflist}} is put, typically under a level 2 section heading (see below) towards the bottom of the page; text between {{}} is for a template.
Hello<ref name="LoC">[https://www.loc.gov/about/ Library of Congress]</ref> World!<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.w3.org/ |title = World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)}}</ref>

Hello again!<ref name="LoC" /><ref>Perry's Handbook, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill Co., 1984.</ref>

References: {{reflist}}

Hello[1] World![2]

Hello again![1][3]

References:
  1. ^ a b Library of Congress
  2. ^ "World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)".
  3. ^ Perry's Handbook, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill Co., 1984.
Template:Citation needed
one of many cleanup templates

This statement is true.{{cn}}

This statement is true.[citation needed]

Signature
sign your contributions when posting to a talk page

~~~~

do not sign in an article, only on talk pages

Username (talk) 00:06, 29 January 2023 (UTC)

Ping a user on a talk page
so they will see your comment

[[User:Example]] or {{u|Example}}

User:Example or Example

Strike your talk page comment
to show your previous comment is outdated

<s>This topic isn't [[WP:N|notable]].</s>

This topic isn't notable.

Underline your text

<u>This topic is notable</u>

This topic is notable

Hide text somewhere for editors
consensus is how things are decided

<!--This had consensus, discuss at talk page-->

Show an image
for uploading, see the intro to uploading images

[[File:Wiki.png|thumb|Caption]]

Caption
Add a page to a category [[Category:Category name]]

place near the bottom of a page
shows "Category name" in a bar at bottom when the page is previewed or published
Link to a category or file
[[:Category:Category name]]
[[:File:File name]]

Category:Wikipedia basic information
File:Example.jpg


Works only at the beginning of lines    
Description You type You get
Redirect to another page
redirects must be placed at the start of the first line

#REDIRECT [[Target page]]

Redirect arrow without text.svg Target page

Redirect to a section of another page

#REDIRECT [[Target page#anchorName]]

Redirect arrow without text.svg Target page#anchorName

Section headings
a Table of Contents will automatically be generated when four headings are added to an article

==Level 2==
===Level 3===
====Level 4====
=====Level 5=====
======Level 6======

do not use  =Level 1=  as it is for page titles

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Level 5
Level 6
Bulleted list

* One
* Two
** Two point one
* Three

  • One
  • Two
    • Two point one
  • Three
Numbered list

# One
# Two
## Two point one
# Three

  1. One
  2. Two
    1. Two point one
  3. Three
Indenting text
this is used when replying on a talk page, to make it easier to follow conversations.
After a string of indents, or to revive a discussion, an outdent {{Outdent|n}} (Template:Outdent) can be used to reset the paragraph to the left margin.

no indent (normal)
:first indent
::second indent
:::third indent
::::fourth indent
{{Outdent|4}} return to left margin

no indent (normal)

first indent
second indent
third indent
fourth indent
return to left margin

Images

[[File: | thumb | upright | right | alt= | caption ]]

Cite web

<ref>{{cite web
 |url= 
 |title= 
 |author= 
 |date= 
 |website= 
 |publisher= 
 |access-date= 
}}</ref>

Cite journal

<ref>{{cite journal
 |last1= 
 |first1= 
 |last2= 
 |first2= 
 |year= 
 |title= 
 |journal= 
 |volume= 
 |issue= 
 |pages= 
 |publisher= 
 |doi= 
 |url= 
 |access-date= 
}}</ref>

Cite book (short)

<ref>{{cite book
 |last= 
 |first= 
 |author-link= 
 |title= 
 |publisher= 
 |series= 
 |year=  
 |doi= 
 |isbn= 
}}</ref>

Cite book (extended)

<ref>{{cite book
 |last1       = 
 |first1      = 
 |last2       = 
 |first2      = 
 |author-link = 
 |coauthors   = 
 |editor      = 
 |title       = 
 |trans-title = 
 |url         = 
 |access-date = 
 |edition     = 
 |series      = 
 |volume      = 
 |date        = 
 |year        = 
 |publisher   = 
 |location    = 
 |isbn        = 
 |doi         = 
 |page        = 
 |pages       = 
 |chapter     = 
}}</ref>

Metric conversions

Single input:
{{convert|original_value|original_unit|conversion_unit|abbr=on}}
Range of values:
{{convert|orig_val1|range|orig_val2|original_unit|conversion_unit|abbr=on}}
Examples:
{{convert|60|and|170|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
{{convert|18|°C|°F}}
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb}}

Variables

Code Effect
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 4
{{CURRENTDOW}} 0
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 01
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} January
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} January
{{CURRENTDAY}} 29
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Sunday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2023
{{CURRENTTIME}} 00:06
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 6,609,556
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 57,417,057
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 44,917,534
{{PAGENAME}} Cheatsheet
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} -
{{REVISIONUSER}} Ilex verticillata
{{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} /w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Sandbox&action=edit
{{fullurl:pagename}} //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagename
{{fullurl:pagename|query_string}} //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string
{{SERVER}} //en.wikipedia.org
{{ns:index}} e.g. '{{ns:1}}' fullname of namespace e.g 'Talk'
{{SITENAME}} Wikipedia

Recalling named reference

<ref name="NAMEOFREF" />

Quotes

{{blockquote |text= |sign= }}

Blockquotes

<blockquote>
<p>QUOTED PARAGRAPH</p>
<p>NAME, SOURCE, REFERENCE</p>
</blockquote>

About

(This page is about USE1. For other uses, see About (disambiguation).)
{{About|USE1}}
(This page is about USE1. For other uses, see PAGE2.)
{{About|USE1||PAGE2}}
(This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2.)
{{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2}}
(This page is about USE1. For USE2, see PAGE2. For USE3, see PAGE3. For USE4, see PAGE4. For USE5, see PAGE5.)
{{About|USE1|USE2|PAGE2|USE3|PAGE3|USE4|PAGE4|USE5|PAGE5}}

Tables (borderless)

{|
|-
! scope="col" |COLUMN1
! scope="col" |COLUMN2
|-
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|}

Tables (wikitable)

{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col" |COLUMN1
! scope="col" |COLUMN2
|-
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|}

Collapsible tables (Default: collapsed)

{| class="wikitable mw-collapsible mw-collapsed" style="text-align: left;margin:0px;"
|- 
! style="width:20em;" |COLUMN1
! style="width:20em;" |COLUMN2
|- 
|ROW1
|ROW1/COL2
|-
|ROW2
|ROW2/COL2
|-
|}

Columns

{{col-begin|width=100%}}
{{col-break|width=}} 
{{col-end}}

Interwiki links

Wiki Shortcut
Wikimedia Commons [[commons:]]
Wikipedia [[w:]]
Wiktionary [[wikt:]]
Wikibooks [[b:]]
Wikisource [[s:]]
Wikispecies [[species:]]
Metawiki [[m:]]
MediaWiki [[mw:]]

Vandalism response templates

 * {{subst:uw-vandalism1|PageName}} ~~~~ (unintentional vandalism/test)
 * {{subst:uw-delete1|PageName}} ~~~~ (unintentional removal of content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism2|PageName}} ~~~~ (suitable for intentional nonsense or disruption)
 * {{subst:uw-delete2|PageName}} ~~~~ (variant for removal of content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism3|PageName}} ~~~~ ("please stop" for use after level 2 warning)
 * {{subst:uw-delete3|PageName}} ~~~~ (please stop removing content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism4|PageName}} ~~~~ (last warning for vandalism)
 * {{subst:uw-delete4|PageName}} ~~~~ (last warning for removing content)
 * {{subst:uw-vandalism4im|PageName}} ~~~~ (only warning; for severe or grotesque vandalism only)
 * {{subst:uw-delete4im|PageName}} ~~~~ (only warning; for many blankings in a short period of time)

Page citations

{{rp|page=}}


See also

Wiki markup quick reference (PDF download)